About This Chapter
GRE Psychology: Thinking - Chapter Summary
The short, engaging video lessons that'll present the material to you will help you to correctly answer any relevant items on the GRE Psychology test. These lessons cover the following topics:
- How intelligence can be defined
- The difference between crystallized and fluid intelligence
- The history of intelligence testing
- The cognitive perspective
- The theory of multiple intelligences
- Kinds of schemata
- Information transfer types
- How convergent and divergent thinking differ
- Problem solving strategies
- Metacognitive strategies
Solidify your understanding of thinking issues by watching the videos from your computer or handheld device. Quickly revisit any segments as you see fit by using the video tags.
GRE Psychology: Thinking Chapter Objectives
The GRE Psychology exam is used to help determine your readiness for graduate-level study in psychology. There are around 205 multiple-choice questions on most GRE Psychology test editions. Between 4-6% of the total questions will pertain to thinking.
1. Studying Intelligence: History, Psychologists & Theories
We all want to be smart in one way or another, but what exactly is general intelligence? This lesson takes a look at the possible factors behind intellectual development and how this controversial topic has been examined by psychologists.
2. Studying Intelligence: Biological vs. Environmental Factors
Have you ever wondered if your intelligence is entirely due to genetics or if it's shaped by the environment surrounding you? In this lesson, you'll learn about the factors that affect and influence a person's intelligence.
3. Cognitive Perspective of Learning & Information Processing
When you see or hear something in your environment, how does your brain recognize what you are seeing or hearing? This lesson introduces the cognitive perspective in psychology, including the difference between sensation and perception. We'll also discuss the famous Gestalt principles of perception that you do automatically every day but didn't necessarily know there were names for what your brain was doing.
4. What is Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences?
Which types of intelligence do you identify with? As you watch this video on Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences, you'll learn that intelligence can be a diverse concept not limited to one area.
5. Knowledge Organization: Schemata and Scripts
How does your mind organize the world? When you see a new animal, can you easily tell if it's a bird, mammal or fish? Categories and mental structures, such as types of animals, are called schemata. This lesson discusses different types of schemata and why they are important.
6. Types of Information Transfer
When you acquire one skill, does that ability help or hurt your ability to learn other skills? For example, learning to play the guitar might help you learn to play the banjo, but it probably doesn't affect your ability to learn the geography of Africa. This lesson focuses on transfer of information, including positive, negative and zero transfer, as well as the difference between high-road and low-road transfer of information.
7. Cognitive Thinking: Creativity, Brainstorming and Convergent & Divergent Thinking
Creativity is useful in almost any situation, but how is creativity defined? This lesson covers the definition of creativity and discusses how creativity requires several different types of thinking, including divergent thinking and synthetic, analytic, and practical intelligence. This lesson also defines and describes brainstorming.
8. What is Metacognition in Psychology? - Definition & Examples
Have you ever stopped to think about your thoughts? Sounds kind of deep, right? But actually, being metacognitive can help people with memory and awareness. Want to know how? Read on.
9. How to Advance Creativity in a Learning Environment
Students in a classroom can attempt to solve problems in a wide variety of creative ways. This lesson defines creativity and then covers barriers to thinking creatively, including response sets and functional fixedness. Finally, the lesson discusses different types of creative problem solving, including brainstorming and working backward.
10. Types of Problems & Problem Solving Strategies
We solve hundreds of small problems everyday. This lesson covers different types of problems, such as routine vs. non-routine, and many of the different problem-solving strategies we use, including algorithms, heuristics, graphic representations and the IDEAL Strategy.
11. History of Intelligence Testing in Psychology
Throughout the years, there have been many methods used that attempted to accurately quantify and measure human intelligence. You've probably heard of or taken an IQ test, but what does an IQ test actually measure? Find out in this lesson.
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Other chapters within the GRE Psychology: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- GRE Psychology: History & Development of Modern Psychology
- GRE Psychology: Research Methods Used in the Study of Psychology
- GRE Psychology: Learning
- GRE Psychology: Language
- GRE Psychology: Memory
- GRE Psychology: Sensation and Perception
- GRE Psychology: Physiological/Behavioral Neuroscience
- GRE Psychology: States of Consciousness
- GRE Psychology: Motivation, Arousal, Emotion
- GRE Psychology: Clinical Psychology
- GRE Psychology: Clinical Assessment
- GRE Psychology: Abnormal Psychology
- GRE Psychology: Treatment Methods for Psychological Disorders
- GRE Psychology: Lifespan Development
- GRE Psychology: Theoretical Foundations of Lifespan Development
- GRE Psychology: Areas of Lifespan Development
- GRE Psychology: Personality
- GRE Psychology: Social Psychology
- GRE Psychology Flashcards