Ch 15: Ground Water

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons on groundwater and learn about groundwater distribution and movement. This chapter is part of our learning materials in earth science.

Groundwater - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Learn why groundwater is often treated as a nonrenewable resource and explore how excessive extraction of groundwater has led to the sinking of land - also known as subsidence. After watching our series of brief video lessons, you should be able to do the following:

  • Explain how porosity, permeability, aquitards and aquifers can affect the rate of groundwater movement.
  • Describe how hot springs and geysers and formed.
  • Differentiate among dug, driven and drilled wells.
  • Detail different environmental problems that have arisen with regards to groundwater.
  • Explain the role of groundwater in the formation of caverns and sinkholes.

Groundwater System: Definition & Geological RoleDefine groundwater and describe its distribution and geological role.
Factors that Influence Groundwater MovementDescribe groundwater distribution and movement and identify factors that influence its rate of movement.
Springs: Definition, Formation & TypesExplore formation of and types of springs.
Wells: Definition & TypesLearn about the nature of wells and identify different types, including artesian wells.
Environmental Problems Associated with GroundwaterIdentify environmental problems associated with groundwater.
Caverns and Sinkholes: Definition, Causes & Effect on GroundwaterDescribe the effect of groundwater on Earth's geology.

6 Lessons in Chapter 15: Ground Water
Groundwater System: Definition & Geological Role

1. Groundwater System: Definition & Geological Role

Surprisingly, most of Earth's liquid freshwater is not where you might think! In this video lesson, you will learn about groundwater, as well as the important roles it plays in sustaining life and shaping Earth.

Factors that Influence Groundwater Movement

2. Factors that Influence Groundwater Movement

The movement of groundwater underneath us is influenced by several factors. In this video lesson, you will learn what these factors are and how they affect how and where groundwater moves.

Springs: Definition, Formation & Types

3. Springs: Definition, Formation & Types

In this video lesson, you will learn about springs and how they form. You will also understand how springs are classified based on how they flow as well as how strongly they flow.

Wells: Definition & Types

4. Wells: Definition & Types

Wells are used all over the world and are an important source of water for many people. In this video lesson you will identify different types of wells, as well understand their underground source of water.

Environmental Problems Associated With Groundwater

5. Environmental Problems Associated With Groundwater

Groundwater is an important natural resource, but like many of our other resources, it's affected by the surrounding environment and human activities. In this video lesson, you'll learn about some of the environmental problems associated with groundwater and why groundwater is especially vulnerable to them.

Caverns & Sinkholes: Definition, Formation & Effects

6. Caverns & Sinkholes: Definition, Formation & Effects

Groundwater can have dramatic effects on Earth's landscape, both above and below ground. In this video lesson you will learn about caverns and sinkholes, both of which are directly related to groundwater movement.

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