About This Chapter
Standard: Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grades 11-12 topics, texts, and issues, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively (CCSS.ELA.LITERACY.SL.11-12.1).
Standard: Come to discussions prepared, having read and researched material under study; explicitly draw on that preparation by referring to evidence from texts and other research on the topic or issue to stimulate a thoughtful, well-reasoned exchange of ideas (CCSS.ELA.LITERACY.SL.11-12.1.A).
Standard: Work with peers to promote civil, democratic discussions and decision-making, set clear goals and deadlines, and establish individual roles as needed (CCSS.ELA.LITERACY.SL.11-12.1.B).
Standard: Propel conversations by posing and responding to questions that probe reasoning and evidence; ensure a hearing for a full range of positions on a topic or issue; clarify, verify, or challenge ideas and conclusions; and promote divergent and creative perspectives (CCSS.ELA.LITERACY.SL.11-12.1.C).
Standard: Respond thoughtfully to diverse perspectives; synthesize comments, claims, and evidence made on all sides of an issue; resolve contradictions when possible; and determine what additional information or research is required to deepen the investigation or complete the task (CCSS.ELA.LITERACY.SL.11-12.1.D).
About This Chapter
Students who have understanding of the concepts in this standard are able to interact with a variety of people in group settings - participating in discussions on varied topics. They are capable of expressing their ideas clearly and concisely and can work together with their group to make decisions or complete tasks.
Some of the concepts covered in these lessons include:
- Group development process
- Roles of group members
- Team-building activities and purpose
- Group decision making
- Group conflicts
- Cultural and ethical considerations in groups
Students show mastery of this standard when they can work with other students to form groups. They understand that there is a process to forming a group and can follow the steps in that process. These students have the skills to build a cohesive group, using team-building activities and determining roles of each member of their group. Students who grasp the concepts in this standard can work in a group to make decisions or set goals and are able to clearly present their ideas to the group.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
Here are some tips for how to use these lessons to support instruction in the standard:
Lessons for Establishing Roles in a Group
Watch lessons on group member qualities and roles. Ask students to identify the different roles that make up a group. Discuss methods for selecting people to fill each role then have students describe how these roles could change based on the situation.
Lessons for Building Group Cohesion
Watch lessons on group cohesion and team building in class. Divide the class into small groups and ask each group to brainstorm ideas for developing group cohesion and choose the one they think will work best. Let each group complete the team-building activity they've selected. Discuss as a class the effectiveness of each of the team-building activities.
Lessons For Establishing Goals as a Group
Watch lessons about goals in groups. Divide class into small groups and let each group discuss the best way to set goals. Ask each student to write down several goals that they have for the group. Each group can then discuss the goals that each member has suggested and make a decision on which goals are appropriate for their group.
1. Groups in Organizations: Formation & Types
There are many different types of groups, likely more than you may be aware of. In this lesson, we will explore the various types of groups and how they are defined. We will also look at how or why they form, as this will give us a better understanding of their focus and design.
2. Stages of Group Development: Forming, Storming, Norming, Performing & Adjourning
Managers must be able to recognize and understand group behavior at its various stages. This lesson explains Tuckman's five stages of group development, including forming, storming, norming, performing and adjourning.
3. Qualities of Group Members: Knowledge, Skills & Abilities
Groups have a lot of dynamics, and in many ways, those dynamics are made up of the members in the group. Each member brings different knowledge, skills and abilities to the group, and in this lesson, we will address those three key areas.
4. Roles of Group Members: Perceptions, Expectations & Conflict
Groups are made up of people who each have their own perceptions and expectations of the group and its work. If those perceptions and expectations are not met, conflict can arise. In this lesson, we'll identify the types of roles in groups and see the interplay of expectations, perceptions and conflict within a group.
5. How Types of Group Norms Influence Individual Behavior
Groups, though made up of individuals, have their own sets of norms. These sets develop as the group grows and interacts and can change a person's behavior that might be new to the group. Here we review types of norms present in groups and their potential impact on an individual's behavior.
6. How Group Status Influences Individual Behavior
Our social status, or, more specifically, how we feel our social status is viewed by others, impacts our behavior in many ways. This lesson explores how belonging to certain status groups can influence how we behave and see others.
7. How Size Affects Group Performance
Group size has a direct impact on group productivity and function, allowing different roles to emerge that will influence how the group operates and interacts. In this lesson, we will review group size as a variable in group performance.
8. Becoming a Cohesive Group: Using Team Building to Increase Group Cohesion
Have you ever wondered why some groups seem to work better together than others? In this lesson you will learn what it means to be a cohesive group and how team building activities can be used to increase group cohesion.
9. The Difference Between Groups and Teams: Definition & Contrasts
Although subtle, there are differences between groups and teams. These are typically the reason the group or team was assembled and the goal they are trying to obtain. In this lesson, we will address the differences between groups and teams.
10. Types of Work Teams: Functional, Cross-Functional & Self-Directed
Teams have become a popular way of organizing employees in organizations. This lesson identifies three different types of work teams: functional, cross-functional and self-directed teams.
11. Characteristics of Effective Teams: Examples and Qualities
Effective teams can contribute heavily to the success of an organization. This lesson explores the key characteristics that make teams effective in the business world. You'll see an example of each characteristic and learn about underlying, supportive aspects of effectiveness.
12. Strengths and Weaknesses of Group Decision Making
Group decision making is when a group of individuals tackle a problem together to achieve a solution. There are both strengths and weaknesses to this type of organizational decision making.
13. Group vs. Individual Decision Making: When to Use Each
At times an individual makes a decision, and at other times a group makes the decision. In this lesson, we will look at the issues surrounding group versus individual decisions
14. Techniques for Group Decision-Making in Business
Group decision-making is where a group of individuals are brought together in hopes of determining a solution to a problem. The three types of group decision making are nominal, Delphi technique and brainstorming.
15. Groupthink: Definition & Examples
Some groups are quick to make decisions to maintain cohesion, but this can be a critical mistake to make. This lesson explains the concept of groupthink using the Challenger explosion as an example.
16. Group Polarization in Group Decision Making
Group polarization focuses on how groups usually make decisions that are more extreme than the original thoughts and views of the individual team members. There are two main reasons why group polarization happens within an organization.
17. Team Conflict and the Work Process
Conflict is inevitable in groups, which is why managers must understand it. In this lesson you will learn about the reasons why teams may encounter conflict while working together.
18. The Devil's Advocate: Impacts on Groups Decision Making
The devil's advocacy decision-making technique is where the group is allowed to become the critic in the proposed decision. This technique helps prevent groupthink and increases the chance of a high-quality decision.
19. Cultural and Ethical Considerations in Group Decision Making
Culture and ethics impact how groups interact and, thus, how they make decisions. In this lesson, we will talk about culture and ethics in a group setting.
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Other chapters within the Common Core ELA - Speaking and Listening Grades 11-12: Standards course
- Participate in Discussion: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.1
- Use Multiple Sources of Information: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.2
- Evaluate Point of View: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.3
- Style of a Speech: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.4
- Presenting to an Audience: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.4
- Supporting Material: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.4
- Organization of a Speech: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.4
- Developing a Speech: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.4
- Use Digital Media: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.5
- Communicate in Multiple Contexts: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.6