Ch 8: Harcourt Social Studies - World History Chapter 8: The Ancient Greeks

About This Chapter

The Ancient Greeks chapter of this Harcourt Social Studies - World History Companion Course helps students learn the essential lessons associated with Ancient Greece. Each of these simple and fun video lessons is about five minutes long and is sequenced to align with the Ancient Greeks textbook chapter.

How It Works:

  • Identify the lessons in the Harcourt Ancient Greeks chapter with which you need help.
  • Find the corresponding video lessons with this companion course chapter.
  • Watch fun videos that cover the Ancient Greece topics you need to learn or review.
  • Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
  • If you need additional help, rewatch the videos until you've mastered the material or submit a question for one of our instructors.

Students will learn:

  • The history and culture of the Cyclades
  • Aspects of the Minoan civilization
  • Mycenae's collapse
  • The history of the Trojans
  • Characteristics of Greek city-states
  • Sparta's history
  • Greek religion and mythology
  • Herodotus' account of the Persian War
  • The successes of the Delian League
  • Socrates' life story
  • Plato's influence
  • The teachings of Aristotle
  • Accomplishments of Alexander the Great
  • Hellenization's benefits

Harcourt is a registered trademark of Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, which is not affiliated with Study.com.

15 Lessons in Chapter 8: Harcourt Social Studies - World History Chapter 8: The Ancient Greeks
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Cyclades: History & Culture

1. The Cyclades: History & Culture

The Cyclades have a long history both independently and as part of Greek culture. In this lesson we will explore the history and culture of the Cyclades.

The Minoans

2. The Minoans

This lesson explores Minoan civilization. Beginning with Arthur Evans' discoveries at Knossos, we move on to explore the mysteries of Minoan art and writing, as well as their mysterious decline in the 15th century BCE.

From Mycenae's Collapse to Greek Colonization

3. From Mycenae's Collapse to Greek Colonization

This lesson covers the history of Greece from the collapse of Mycenae to the start of Greek Colonization. We watch its dissolution during the Dorian Invasion and take a look at Greece in the Dark Ages.

The Trojans: History & Culture

4. The Trojans: History & Culture

The ancient city of Troy has a story that is entwined in both Greek mythology and history. Much of what is known about Troy comes to us from Homer's epic poem 'The Iliad' and archaeological remains found at the site.

Greek City-States and Governments

5. Greek City-States and Governments

This is a lecture about Greek city states. It begins with an examination of the influence geography had on Greek politics, by comparing Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia. This is followed by a loose characterization of Greek poleis in general, with specific attention paid to constitutions, colonialism and competition.

History of Sparta

6. History of Sparta

In this lesson, you'll examine forces that shaped a Spartan society of elite warriors. We'll also explore the stratified caste system created by Lycurgus.

Athenian Democracy: Solon and Cleisthenes

7. Athenian Democracy: Solon and Cleisthenes

Although Athens is remembered for creating the first democracy, it took many years and multiple leaders to develop the system we think of today. Learn about who took control, what reforms they made and how the people revolted against the old system.

Greek Myth and Religion

8. Greek Myth and Religion

This lecture examines the troubles of generalizing Greek religion, before doing just that. It lists the major Olympian gods and their roles. It then explores the function of heroes in Greek religion. Next, the relationship between gods and men is laid out. Finally, it explores aspects of Greek myth that reemerge in Christianity.

Birth of History: Herodotus' Persian War

9. Birth of History: Herodotus' Persian War

This lecture begins with Herodotus' special place in history. It then looks at the miracle at Marathon and seeks to explain how it happened by comparing phalanx warfare to Persian warfare. Following that, we'll run through a brief summary of the rest of the war, with special attention drawn to Greek triremes.

Pericles, the Delian League, and the Athenian Golden Age

10. Pericles, the Delian League, and the Athenian Golden Age

This lecture covers the formation of the Delian League, its development into the Athenian Empire and the peculiar place of Pericles in the midst of it all, turning the city of Athens into the seat of an empire.

Socrates: Life, Death and Philosophy

11. Socrates: Life, Death and Philosophy

This lecture is a whirlwind tour through the life of Socrates. It begins with an explanation of the Socratic problem, followed by an examination of his philosophy. The lecture ends with a summary of Socrates' legacy.

Platonic Idealism: Plato and His Influence

12. Platonic Idealism: Plato and His Influence

This lecture examines the philosophy and legacy of Plato. It covers the Allegory of the Cave, the Realm of Forms and Plato's views on politics and the soul. Finally, it shows Plato's enduring legacy in modern science.

Aristotelian Logic: Aristotle's Central Concepts and Influence

13. Aristotelian Logic: Aristotle's Central Concepts and Influence

This lesson will explore the life of the famous philosopher Aristotle. It will highlight his life in Northern Greece and Athens, as well as his interactions with Alexander the Great. It will also explain the main tenants of Aristotelian logic.

Alexander the Great and the Birth of Hellenism

14. Alexander the Great and the Birth of Hellenism

This lesson describes Alexander the Great's mighty empire. Beginning with a brief account of his father Philip, the lecture then turns to an enumeration of Alexander's conquests. Next, Alexander's methods are explored. Finally, we will discuss Alexander's legacy of Hellenization.

The Library of Alexandria & The Benefits of Hellenization

15. The Library of Alexandria & The Benefits of Hellenization

This lecture begins by examining the spread of the Greek language and alphabet during the Hellenistic period and noting the implications of a universal language. Next we look at four factors that combined to make Alexandria the heart of Hellenistic scholarship: common language, a convenient alphabet, papyrus and climate.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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