About This Chapter
How It Works:
- Identify the lessons in the Harcourt Ancient Greeks chapter with which you need help.
- Find the corresponding video lessons with this companion course chapter.
- Watch fun videos that cover the Ancient Greece topics you need to learn or review.
- Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
- If you need additional help, rewatch the videos until you've mastered the material or submit a question for one of our instructors.
Students will learn:
- The history and culture of the Cyclades
- Aspects of the Minoan civilization
- Mycenae's collapse
- The history of the Trojans
- Characteristics of Greek city-states
- Sparta's history
- Greek religion and mythology
- Herodotus' account of the Persian War
- The successes of the Delian League
- Socrates' life story
- Plato's influence
- The teachings of Aristotle
- Accomplishments of Alexander the Great
- Hellenization's benefits
Harcourt is a registered trademark of Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, which is not affiliated with Study.com.
1. The Cyclades: History & Culture
The Cyclades have a long history both independently and as part of Greek culture. In this lesson we will explore the history and culture of the Cyclades.
2. The Minoans
This lesson explores Minoan civilization. Beginning with Arthur Evans' discoveries at Knossos, we move on to explore the mysteries of Minoan art and writing, as well as their mysterious decline in the 15th century BCE.
3. From Mycenae's Collapse to Greek Colonization
This lesson covers the history of Greece from the collapse of Mycenae to the start of Greek Colonization. We watch its dissolution during the Dorian Invasion and take a look at Greece in the Dark Ages.
4. The Trojans: History & Culture
The ancient city of Troy has a story that is entwined in both Greek mythology and history. Much of what is known about Troy comes to us from Homer's epic poem 'The Iliad' and archaeological remains found at the site.
5. Greek City-States and Governments
This is a lecture about Greek city states. It begins with an examination of the influence geography had on Greek politics, by comparing Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia. This is followed by a loose characterization of Greek poleis in general, with specific attention paid to constitutions, colonialism and competition.
6. History of Sparta
In this lesson, you'll examine forces that shaped a Spartan society of elite warriors. We'll also explore the stratified caste system created by Lycurgus.
7. Athenian Democracy: Solon and Cleisthenes
Although Athens is remembered for creating the first democracy, it took many years and multiple leaders to develop the system we think of today. Learn about who took control, what reforms they made and how the people revolted against the old system.
8. Greek Myth and Religion
This lecture examines the troubles of generalizing Greek religion, before doing just that. It lists the major Olympian gods and their roles. It then explores the function of heroes in Greek religion. Next, the relationship between gods and men is laid out. Finally, it explores aspects of Greek myth that reemerge in Christianity.
9. Birth of History: Herodotus' Persian War
This lecture begins with Herodotus' special place in history. It then looks at the miracle at Marathon and seeks to explain how it happened by comparing phalanx warfare to Persian warfare. Following that, we'll run through a brief summary of the rest of the war, with special attention drawn to Greek triremes.
10. Pericles, the Delian League, and the Athenian Golden Age
This lecture covers the formation of the Delian League, its development into the Athenian Empire and the peculiar place of Pericles in the midst of it all, turning the city of Athens into the seat of an empire.
11. Socrates: Life, Death and Philosophy
This lecture is a whirlwind tour through the life of Socrates. It begins with an explanation of the Socratic problem, followed by an examination of his philosophy. The lecture ends with a summary of Socrates' legacy.
12. Platonic Idealism: Plato and His Influence
This lecture examines the philosophy and legacy of Plato. It covers the Allegory of the Cave, the Realm of Forms and Plato's views on politics and the soul. Finally, it shows Plato's enduring legacy in modern science.
13. Aristotelian Logic: Aristotle's Central Concepts and Influence
This lesson will explore the life of the famous philosopher Aristotle. It will highlight his life in Northern Greece and Athens, as well as his interactions with Alexander the Great. It will also explain the main tenants of Aristotelian logic.
14. Alexander the Great and the Birth of Hellenism
This lesson describes Alexander the Great's mighty empire. Beginning with a brief account of his father Philip, the lecture then turns to an enumeration of Alexander's conquests. Next, Alexander's methods are explored. Finally, we will discuss Alexander's legacy of Hellenization.
15. The Library of Alexandria & The Benefits of Hellenization
This lecture begins by examining the spread of the Greek language and alphabet during the Hellenistic period and noting the implications of a universal language. Next we look at four factors that combined to make Alexandria the heart of Hellenistic scholarship: common language, a convenient alphabet, papyrus and climate.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Harcourt Social Studies - World History: Online Textbook Help course
- Harcourt Social Studies - World History Chapter 1: The World's Geography
- Harcourt Social Studies - World History Chapter 2: Early People
- Harcourt Social Studies - World History Chapter 3: The Tigris & Euphrates Valley
- Harcourt Social Studies - World History Chapter 4: The Nile Valley
- Harcourt Social Studies - World History Chapter 5: Asia & the Americas
- Harcourt Social Studies - World History Chapter 6: Southwest Asian Civilizations
- Harcourt Social Studies - World History Chapter 7: Asia's Classical Age
- Harcourt Social Studies - World History Chapter 9: The Ancient Romans
- Harcourt Social Studies - World History Chapter 10: Europe After the Romans
- Harcourt Social Studies - World History Chapter 11: Africa & Asia
- Harcourt Social Studies - World History Chapter 12: The Americas
- Harcourt Social Studies - World History Chapter 13: New Empires
- Harcourt Social Studies - World History Chapter 14: The Growth of Trade
- Harcourt Social Studies - World History Chapter 15: Europe & the Western Hemisphere
- Harcourt Social Studies - World History Chapter 16: The Eastern Hemisphere
- Harcourt Social Studies - World History Chapter 17: Times of Rapid Change
- Harcourt Social Studies - World History Chapter 18: Times of War & Times of Peace
- Harcourt Social Studies - World History Chapter 19: Global Challenges