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Ch 81: Health and Medicine

About This Chapter

Use the video lessons in this chapter to refresh your knowledge of health and medicine theories and concepts. Examine types of healthcare and medicine as well as the causes of America's greatest health challenges.

Health and Medicine - Chapter Summary

This chapter's video lessons will help strengthen your understanding of health and medicine concepts. From smoking to sexually-transmitted diseases, several major health challenges facing the United States are discussed. You'll also review types of medicine, forms of healthcare and major perspectives related to the fields. Once you make your way through all of the video lessons in the chapter, you should be able to do the following effectively:

  • Identify major health problems in America
  • Explain the link between economics and health
  • List and describe types of healthcare
  • Understand the socially constructed expectations for patients and physicians
  • Differentiate between scientific medicine and holistic medicine
  • Discuss major theoretical perspectives on medicine and health

Our professional instructors are engaging and use a variety of examples and images to help you understand the chapter material. We also offer a number of tools to help reinforce what you've learned about health and medicine. The video lessons are usually less than 10 minutes long and contain tags, which allow you to go back and review important concepts without having to rewatch entire videos over again.

Lesson transcripts are available as yet another way to study those key health and medicine concepts; they often have links to additional text lessons that provide more details about major terms. We also provide self-assessment quizzes that can help you gauge your comprehension of the lessons.

6 Lessons in Chapter 81: Health and Medicine
Health Challenges in America: Smoking, Obesity, STDs & Eating Disorders

1. Health Challenges in America: Smoking, Obesity, STDs & Eating Disorders

Even as a high-income nation with a relatively long life expectancy, America faces a number of health challenges. In this lesson, we discuss the basic facts of smoking, eating disorders, obesity and STDs and how these challenges affect our nation.

Economics and Health: Healthcare, Medical Issues & Income

2. Economics and Health: Healthcare, Medical Issues & Income

What is the relationship between economy and health? In this lesson, we discuss differences in healthcare and medical issues in low-income versus high-income countries. We also define social epidemiology and discuss the link between poverty and poor health.

Types of Health Care: HMOs, PPOs, Socialized Medicine & Direct-Fee System

3. Types of Health Care: HMOs, PPOs, Socialized Medicine & Direct-Fee System

In this lesson, we discuss health care as a social institution and how health care systems differ worldwide. We also discuss several different ways that health care is paid for by patients, organizations and government.

Social Constructions of Health: Sick Role, Physician's Role & Profit Motive in Medicine

4. Social Constructions of Health: Sick Role, Physician's Role & Profit Motive in Medicine

In this lesson, we discuss the theory of Talcott Parsons regarding the 'sick role' and the 'physician's role' as well as how society has constructed expectations for both. We also discuss the profit motive in medicine and why this is controversial.

Scientific Medicine vs. Holistic Medicine

5. Scientific Medicine vs. Holistic Medicine

Scientific medicine is a relatively newer field of medicine that is based on observations and documentation. Holistic medicine is an older philosophy that promotes overall well being. This lesson contrasts scientific and holistic medicine.

Theoretical Perspectives on Health & Medicine

6. Theoretical Perspectives on Health & Medicine

What does it mean to be sick? Medically, it means to be unhealthy, but sickness also has specific meaning within society. In this lesson we're going to look at the social roles of health and sickness through four different sociological frameworks.

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