Ch 8: Hellenism & Athens

About This Chapter

Use our video lessons to learn some important facts about Hellenism and ancient Athens. The lessons will provide you with comprehensive overviews of several relevant subtopics, including the arts, philosophy and history.

Hellenism & Athens - Chapter Summary

Each of the video lessons contained in this chapter will teach you about a main topic regarding Hellenism and ancient Athens. The lessons will provide you with necessary historical background information, as well as facts on notable figures who contributed to the era, philosophical movements, and historical timelines. Once you've finished the chapter, you'll have a much better understanding of the time period itself, and the connections between individuals, intellectual movements, and this era in western history. The topics you'll learn about in the lessons include:

  • Pericles, the Delian League, and the Athenian Golden Age
  • Greek tragedy and comedy
  • The Peloponnesian War
  • The life, death and philosophy of Socrates
  • Platonic idealism
  • Aristotelian logic
  • Alexander the Great
  • Hellenistic philosophers

Once you've finished the lessons, you can test your understanding of what you just went over by going through the chapter's practice quizzes. You can also find transcripts of each lesson, if you want to double-check some of main points. Overall, the resources found in this chapter will make studying up on Hellenism and ancient Athens a much easier task!

9 Lessons in Chapter 8: Hellenism & Athens
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Pericles, the Delian League, and the Athenian Golden Age

1. Pericles, the Delian League, and the Athenian Golden Age

This lecture covers the formation of the Delian League, its development into the Athenian Empire and the peculiar place of Pericles in the midst of it all, turning the city of Athens into the seat of an empire.

Greek Theatre: Tragedy and Comedy

2. Greek Theatre: Tragedy and Comedy

This lecture examines the function of theatre in Greek culture and religion, with special focus on the Athenians. It then explores the three different sorts of Greek theatre: satyr plays, comedy and tragedy, citing specific examples. Finally, we study the impact of theatre on Western civilization.

Peloponnesian War and Thucydides

3. Peloponnesian War and Thucydides

This lecture covers the Peloponnesian War. First we enumerate the causes of the war. Then we examine Pericles' plan to win it. We see how Pericles' plan eventually fell apart and how the Athenians struggled without leadership until their eventual destruction at the hands of the Spartans.

Socrates: Life, Death and Philosophy

4. Socrates: Life, Death and Philosophy

This lecture is a whirlwind tour through the life of Socrates. It begins with an explanation of the Socratic problem, followed by an examination of his philosophy. The lecture ends with a summary of Socrates' legacy.

Platonic Idealism: Plato and His Influence

5. Platonic Idealism: Plato and His Influence

This lecture examines the philosophy and legacy of Plato. It covers the Allegory of the Cave, the Realm of Forms and Plato's views on politics and the soul. Finally, it shows Plato's enduring legacy in modern science.

Aristotelian Logic: Aristotle's Central Concepts and Influence

6. Aristotelian Logic: Aristotle's Central Concepts and Influence

This lesson will explore the life of the famous philosopher Aristotle. It will highlight his life in Northern Greece and Athens, as well as his interactions with Alexander the Great. It will also explain the main tenants of Aristotelian logic.

Alexander the Great and the Birth of Hellenism

7. Alexander the Great and the Birth of Hellenism

This lesson describes Alexander the Great's mighty empire. Beginning with a brief account of his father Philip, the lecture then turns to an enumeration of Alexander's conquests. Next, Alexander's methods are explored. Finally, we will discuss Alexander's legacy of Hellenization.

The Library of Alexandria & The Benefits of Hellenization

8. The Library of Alexandria & The Benefits of Hellenization

This lecture begins by examining the spread of the Greek language and alphabet during the Hellenistic period and noting the implications of a universal language. Next we look at four factors that combined to make Alexandria the heart of Hellenistic scholarship: common language, a convenient alphabet, papyrus and climate.

Euclid, Archimedes & Ptolemy: Alexandrian Hellenistic Philosophers

9. Euclid, Archimedes & Ptolemy: Alexandrian Hellenistic Philosophers

This lecture recounts the achievements of the many great minds that called Alexandria home. We will look at Euclid, Ptolemy, Archimedes, Aristarchus, Herophilos, Erasistratus and Eratosthenes.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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