Ch 12: High Middle Ages Overview

About This Chapter

Review the major events, conflicts and leaders of the High Middle Ages with this comprehensive overview. Expand your knowledge with in-depth lessons on the Magna Carta, Thomas Aquinas, the daily life of English peasants and more.

High Middle Ages Overview - Chapter Summary

The lessons in this chapter cover the impact of major events on Western culture during the High Middle Ages. From heresies and inquisitions to guilds and charters, our overview will help you better understand the changes that took place during this period.

By the end of this chapter, you'll become familiar with the power struggles of the High Middle Ages and the documents that tried to limit the power of government and church leaders. You'll also have a better grasp of the conflicts between religion and government, the power dynamics within the Holy Roman Empire and more.

After you complete the chapter, you should be able to:

  • Explore how the Church dealt with heresies during the High Middle Ages
  • Understand early attempts to limit the power of leaders through documents such as the Magna Carta and Constitutions of Clarendon
  • Describe the development and importance of guilds
  • Detail the contributions of the Mongolians to Western civilization
  • Examine the daily struggles and harsh lifestyles of English peasants
  • Identify the reasons for fighting between the papacy and several European powers over the Holy Roman Empire

Each lesson in this chapter includes an interactive quiz to help you retain more information and measure your progress. Short, engaging videos illustrate important ideas. You can even jump to specific topics within a video using the timeline feature. With brief, focused lessons, you can learn at your own pace, at home or on your mobile device.

8 Lessons in Chapter 12: High Middle Ages Overview
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Heresies and Inquisitions in the High Middle Ages

1. Heresies and Inquisitions in the High Middle Ages

During the Middle Ages the term heresy referred to religious beliefs that were in disagreement with an established Christian doctrine. This lesson explores the often violent results of the growing popularity of heretical beliefs in the High Middle Ages.

The Magna Carta & The Constitutions of Clarendon: Definition & Significance

2. The Magna Carta & The Constitutions of Clarendon: Definition & Significance

In the High Middle Ages, rulers fought for supreme power. This lesson explores two of the earliest documents to limit power of an authority figure, whether it was the pope or a king.

Charter of the Forest and the Provisions of Oxford: Definition & Significance

3. Charter of the Forest and the Provisions of Oxford: Definition & Significance

In the High Middle Ages several charters were created that limited the authority of ruling powers. This lesson explores two of these charters, both of which limited the authority of the king of England.

Thomas Aquinas' Influence on the Catholic Church

4. Thomas Aquinas' Influence on the Catholic Church

St. Thomas Aquinas was perhaps the most important figure of the Catholic Church during the Middle Ages. This lesson examines what he did to help protect the Church against a rebirth of critical thinking by using critical thinking to defend the Church.

Mongolians and Their Contributions to Western Civilization

5. Mongolians and Their Contributions to Western Civilization

This lesson covers the contributions of the Mongols to Western civilization. We begin by examining the tale of Marco Polo. Next, we look at some common misconceptions about the Mongols. Finally, we enumerate the many technologies brought to Europe by this group.

Guilds in Western Culture and Economies in the High Middle Ages

6. Guilds in Western Culture and Economies in the High Middle Ages

Medieval guilds provided standards for production and protected their members from oppression. This lesson explores why guilds developed in the High Middle Ages.

Power Struggles of the Holy Roman Empire: Popes vs. Emperors

7. Power Struggles of the Holy Roman Empire: Popes vs. Emperors

The High Middle Ages was characterized by constant struggles for power. This lesson explores fighting between the papacy, Germany, and Italy for authority over the Holy Roman Empire.

The Daily Life of English Peasants

8. The Daily Life of English Peasants

Peasants of the Middle Age faced a very harsh life. This lesson explores the typical lifestyle for an English peasant in the 11th through 13th centuries, including the daily tasks they performed.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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