About This Chapter
HiSET: History of the Ancient Near East - Chapter Summary
When preparing to take the High School Equivalency Test (HiSET) Social Studies, utilize the lesson videos of this chapter to review the ancient cultures of the Near East that marked the beginning of civilization as we know it. In these videos, professional instructors discuss the inventions, art, architecture and society that came out of the Near East, including the Sumerians, Assyrians, Egyptians, and more. After completing this chapter you should have a better understanding of:
- Inventions that allowed for the creation of civilization
- The Cradle of Civilization
- Ancient civilizations of the Near East
- Art and architecture of the ancient Near East cultures
- Different religions and religious systems of the Near East
- Effects of metallurgy on the development of civilizations
- Historic rulers of the Near East and their influential policies
In addition to the videos, this chapter also includes lesson transcripts and quizzes to help you gauge your understanding of the material. Use the video tags to return to spots in the lesson videos that cover information you want to review before the exam.
HiSET: History of the Ancient Near East Objectives
HiSET Social Studies is a subtest of the HiSET high school equivalency exam used to measure one's mastery of high school level social studies. It is composed of 50 multiple-choice questions, of which 6% are on geography, 18% are on economics, 38% are on history and another 38% are on civics and government. Understanding the ancient cultures that laid the foundation for modern day society will prove to be beneficial when answering questions on history. This chapter has been assembled to help you review the key contributions of the ancient cultures of the Near East through its series of engaging lesson videos and quizzes.
1. The Invention of Writing
Writing, the original IT: This lecture covers the limitations and obstacles of aural transmission. It describes the invention of Cuneiform in the fertile crescent. Finally, it explains how writing enabled literate societies to dominate their pre-literate neighbors.
2. The History of Money and Rise of Complex Economies
This lecture covers the development of money in response to the needs of complex economies. It begins with a discussion of gift economies. It then examines the factors that led to the growth of commodity economies. Find out how we came to use money, rather than goods, for commerce.
3. How Religion Developed in the Stone Age and Bronze Age
Have you ever wondered exactly how religion developed in the ancient world? Check out this lesson to see how the impact of cities, writing and invasion upon religion, the ascent of the sky father and the descent of the mother goddess contributed to the development of religion.
4. The Fertile Crescent: Cradle of Civilization
Complex civilization wasn't always the norm. In this lesson, we are going to check out the origins of civilization as we know it, and see where, when, and how this new system of living first began.
5. Sumerian Art and Architecture
This lesson explores the artwork of one of the earliest civilizations: the Sumerians. Sumerians created beautiful works of art that inspired other cultures for centuries after their decline.
6. The Epic of Gilgamesh
Witness the Epic of Gilgamesh, a story of adventure, love and friendship. This long poem will help us examine the hallmarks of civilization for a Sumerian and the importance of dreams. We'll also cover the Sumerian contributions to the epic form of literature.
7. Heirs of the Sumerians: Babylonians, Hittites, Hurrians and Assyrians
This lecture covers the history of Mesopotamia from the disintegration of the Sumerian Empire to the great Bronze Age collapse. We'll explore the destructive force of the Elamites and the Hittites as well as the imperial ambitions of the Babylonians, the Mittani and the Assyrians.
8. Assyrian Art and Architecture
This lesson explores the unique characteristics of a fierce and violent culture: the Assyrians. The Assyrians were a warrior culture living in ancient Mesopotamia who used art and architecture to display their power.
9. Hammurabi's Code: The Advent of Law, Prerequisites and Implications
This lecture discusses the need for law and the benefits of a judicial system. Next, it reviews the history of early law codes, like those of Ur-Nammu and Hammurabi. Finally, we look at the implications of law for kings.
10. What's the Difference Between Polytheism and Monotheism?
There have been many religions throughout human history, and each one has had a unique set of beliefs. In this lesson, we're going to look at the two main categories into which most of the world's religions fit and then compare them to each other.
11. The Hebrews and Their Beliefs
This lesson covers the Hebrews and their beliefs. We look at the core tenets of Judaism and explore some of the stories from the Torah. Finally, we see how the Hebrews' history of oppression impacted their religion and the world today.
12. Iron vs. Bronze: History of Metallurgy
This lecture explores the transition from the bronze age to the iron age. The difficulties of working with iron are enumerated. The properties of iron and steel are compared to those of bronze. Finally the implications for this transition on civilization are considered.
13. Iron Age Empires: Neo-Babylonian, Neo-Assyrian and Persian Empires
This lesson is a survey of the three empires that emerged after the Bronze Age collapse. Parts of the survey are viewed from the perspective of the Israelites, who found themselves the playthings of powerful empires. The lecture focuses on a few specific rulers and their impact on their empires. It also traces patterns of imperial tactics throughout this period and region.
14. Ancient Persian Art and Architecture: History & Style
This lesson explores the artwork of one of the most powerful and expansive empires in history: the Persian Empire. Persian artwork contained vivid imagery that recorded the success of the Persian kings in battle and their cultural tendencies.
15. Zoroastrianism: Definition, Beliefs & History
Major religions, like Christianity and Islam, have been popular since ancient times, but what religion was popular before these belief systems developed? This lesson explores the beliefs of Zoroastrians, one of the earliest forms of organized religion.
16. Cult of Mithras: Myth & History
The Cult of Mithras was a mysterious religion popular in Rome in the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th centuries. This lesson explores the secretive beliefs, practices, and history of the cult and its initiates.
17. Mesopotamian Kings: History, Politics & Religion
Ancient Mesopotamia was a land of chaotic weather and inner turmoil. Religion became a political weapon for fighting among the city-states. This lesson explores the link between religion and politics in the ancient land.
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Other chapters within the HiSET Social Studies: Prep and Practice course
- HiSET: Early American History (28,000 BCE-1821 CE)
- HiSET: Early American Colonies (1497-1732)
- HiSET: The Road to Revolution (1700-1774)
- HiSET: The American Revolution (1775-1783)
- HiSET: The Making of a New Nation (1776-1800)
- HiSET: The Virginia Dynasty (1801-1825)
- HiSET: Jacksonian Democracy (1825-1850)
- HiSET: Life in Antebellum America (1807-1861)
- HiSET: Manifest Destiny (1806-1855)
- HiSET: Sectional Crisis (1850-1861)
- HiSET: American Civil War (1861-1865)
- HiSET: Reconstruction (1865-1877)
- HiSET: Westward Expansion, Industrialization & Urbanization (1870-1900)
- HiSET: The Progressive Era in America (1900-1917)
- HiSET: American Imperialism (1890-1919)
- HiSET: The Roaring 20s in the US (1920-1929)
- HiSET: The Great Depression in the US (1929-1940)
- HiSET: The US in World War ll (1941-1945)
- HiSET: The World After World War ll (1946-1959)
- HiSET: The Cold War (1950-1973)
- HiSET: Protests, Activism & Civil Disobedience in the US (1954-1973)
- HiSET: The 1970s in the US (1969-1979)
- HiSET: Rise of Political Conservatism in the US (1980-1992)
- HiSET: Contemporary America (1992-2013)
- HiSET: Prehistory
- HiSET: History of Ancient Greece
- HiSET: Hellenism & the Athenian Achievement
- HiSET: Rise of the Roman Republic
- HiSET: Fall of the Roman Empire
- HiSET: The Dark Ages
- HiSET: The Medieval Warm Period
- HiSET: The Early Middle Ages
- HiSET: The High Middle Ages
- HiSET: The Late Middle Ages
- HiSET: The Renaissance
- HiSET: The Age of Exploration
- HiSET: The Reformation in Europe
- HiSET: The Elizabethan Era
- HiSET: Colonialism
- HiSET: Art & Science in the Colonial Era
- HiSET: Absolutism in Western Europe (1648-1715)
- HiSET: Power Shifts in Eastern Europe (1648-1740)
- HiSET: Empire and Expansion in the 18th Century (1700-1799)
- HiSET: Scientific Revolution & the Enlightenment (1500-1790)
- HiSET: French Revolution & Napoleon (1780-1815)
- HiSET: Industrialization in Europe (1700-1900)
- HiSET: Political Developments (1760-1848)
- HiSET: The Age of Nationalism (1850-1914)
- HiSET: European Life & Trends (1850-1914)
- HiSET: Imperialism in the 19th - 20th Centuries
- HiSET: World War I (1914-1919)
- HiSET: Between the World Wars (1919-1939)
- HiSET: Europe & Asia in World War II
- HiSET: The Study of American Government
- HiSET: Federalism in the United States
- HiSET: American Political Culture, Opinion & Behavior
- HiSET: Civic Ideals & Citizenship
- HiSET: Civil Liberties in America
- HiSET: Political Parties in American Government
- HiSET: Scarcity, Choice & The Production Possibilities Curve
- HiSET: Measuring the Economy
- HiSET: Economic & Fiscal Policy of American Government
- HiSET: Labor & Consumer Issues
- HiSET: Modern Economic Systems
- HiSET: Introduction to Geography
- HiSET: Basic Facts & Concepts of the Earth
- HiSET: Geography & Farming
- HiSET: Economics & Geography
- HiSET: Political Geography
- HiSET: Settlement Patterns
- HiSET: Spatial Processes
- HiSET: The Geography of Languages, Religions & Material Culture
- HiSET Social Studies Flashcards