# Ch 18: HiSET Mathematics: Parallel Lines and Polygons

### About This Chapter

## HiSET Mathematics: Parallel Lines and Polygons - Chapter Summary

This chapter includes all of the concepts on parallel lines and polygons that are covered on the test. The short, clever video lessons explain the following topics you'll need to know:

- Transversals and the angles that are formed
- Ways to prove lines are parallel
- Converse statements that prove lines are parallel
- The parallel postulate and indirect proof
- The parts of regular polygons
- Finding the number of diagonals in a polygon
- Calculating perimeter and area of polygons
- Measuring the angles of a polygon and finding the sum

Take advantage of our multiple-choice lesson quizzes and chapter test to measure your understanding as well as gain experience answering the types of questions you'll have on the exam.

### Objectives of the HiSET Mathematics: Parallel Lines and Polygons Chapter

Your ability to recognize elements of polygons and apply proofs and formulas is key to scoring well on this portion of the 90-minute-long HiSET math exam. The concepts in this chapter are part of the Measurement/Geometry section of the exam, which makes up 18% of the math test. There are 50 total questions on the math exam and all are multiple-choice.

### 1. Angles Formed by a Transversal

When you have a pair of parallel lines and a transversal, something very interesting happens to the angles that are formed. You can see this happen in real life at street intersections and such. Watch this video lesson to learn about all of this.

### 2. Parallel Lines: How to Prove Lines Are Parallel

Watch this video lesson to learn how you can prove that two lines are parallel just by matching up pairs of angles. Learn which angles to pair up and what to look for.

### 3. Using Converse Statements to Prove Lines Are Parallel

Because a pair of parallel lines produces unique angle characteristics, we can use this information to our advantage. Watch this video lesson to see how we turn this advantage into converse statements to help us prove parallel lines.

### 4. The Parallel Postulate: Definition & Examples

In this lesson, you will learn about an important postulate in Euclidean geometry, called the Parallel Postulate. It sounds kind of hard, but this lesson explains it in simple terms and provides several examples of it as well.

### 5. Regular Polygons: Definition & Parts

What makes a polygon a polygon? And what shapes are considered polygons? In this lesson, find out the answers to these questions and more as we learn all about polygons and their parts.

### 6. How to Find the Number of Diagonals in a Polygon

At first, you might think that the diagonals of a polygon are pretty useless, but watch this video lesson to learn how diagonals are used in real life. You will learn the formula to find how many diagonals a polygon has as well as how to use it.

### 7. Finding the Perimeter of Polygons

In this video lesson, you will learn the process you need to take to find the perimeter of polygons. You will also learn that there is a shortcut if your polygon is a regular polygon.

### 8. Measuring the Area of Regular Polygons: Formula & Examples

Watch this video lesson to learn why a regular polygon makes your life easier when it comes to finding the area inside one. Learn the one formula for area that will work for any type of regular polygon.

### 9. How to Measure the Angles of a Polygon & Find the Sum

Watch this video lesson to learn the one formula that lets you find the measure of angles in any regular polygon. Also, learn how you can tell if you are working with a regular polygon or not.

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### Other Chapters

Other chapters within the HiSET Mathematics: Prep and Practice course

- HiSET Mathematics: Mathematical Reasoning
- HiSET Mathematics: Properties of Real Numbers
- HiSET Mathematics: Fractions
- HiSET Mathematics: Decimals and Percents
- HiSET Mathematics: Ratios and Proportions
- HiSET Mathematics: Vector Operations
- HiSET Mathematics: Matrices and Determinants
- HiSET Mathematics: Exponents and Exponential Expressions
- HiSET Mathematics: Absolute Value Problems
- HiSET Mathematics: Rational Expressions
- HiSET Mathematics: Radical Expressions
- HiSET Mathematics: Imaginary and Complex Numbers
- HiSET Mathematics: Measurements and Conversions
- HiSET Mathematics: Foundations of Geometry
- HiSET Mathematics: Introduction to Geometric Figures
- HiSET Mathematics: Properties of Triangles
- HiSET Mathematics: Triangle Theorems and Proofs
- HiSET Mathematics: Quadrilaterals
- HiSET Mathematics: Circular Arcs and Circles
- HiSET Mathematics: Geometric Solids
- HiSET Mathematics: Summarizing Data
- HiSET Mathematics: Probability
- HiSET Mathematics: Probability Distributions
- HiSET Mathematics: Sampling
- HiSET Mathematics: Regression and Correlation
- HiSET Mathematics: Algebraic Expressions
- HiSET Mathematics: Linear Equations
- HiSET Mathematics: Inequalities
- HiSET Mathematics: Quadratic Equations
- HiSET Mathematics: Polynomials
- HiSET Mathematics: Functions
- HiSET Mathematics Flashcards