About This Chapter
HiSET: Reconstruction (1865-1877) - Chapter Summary
The initial post-Civil War era in the United States is referred to as Reconstruction. You may encounter questions concerning this period on the HiSET test, so watch these videos to go over:
- Abraham Lincoln's post-war plan
- Andrew Johnson's impeachment
- The presidency of Ulysses S. Grant
- New Constitutional amendments
- Policies concerning African Americans
- Political and social climate in the South
- Expansion west and the creation of the Transcontinental Railroad
The videos in this chapter are all under ten minutes in length and aim to present the material in an engaging and informative manner. Because of this, you'll be able to learn or review the material quickly and effectively.
HiSET: Reconstruction (1865-1877) Objectives
The HiSET is an exam that gauges your comprehension of standard high school topics and is offered as a high school equivalency exam in several states. It consists of five subtests--one of which is social studies. The social studies section tests your understanding of history, civics and government, economics and geography. Key historical events are asked about in the history section, which represents 38% of the subtest and may include questions on the Reconstruction era. The social studies test may ask you to identify factual source materials, or determine if a conclusion is accurate. In total, the social studies section has 50 multiple-choice questions.
Not only will you be able to study material that may be on the test by using the videos in this chapter, you also have the opportunity to take a quiz at the end of every lesson. These quizzes can prepare you for the types of questions you will see on the actual HiSET Social Studies exam.
1. President Lincoln's Legacy: Plans for a Reconstructed Union
Before the guns of the American Civil War fell silent, President Abraham Lincoln was making plans for the reconstruction of the South. In this lesson, learn what his plans involved and the controversy surrounding them.
2. President Andrew Johnson: Attempts to Continue Lincoln's Reconstruction Plan
When President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated, the task of Reconstruction fell to President Andrew Johnson. He was soon at odds with many different factions in the nation. While Johnson was not successful in domestic policy, his administration had a few foreign successes.
3. The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson: Conflict Between President and Congress
Congressional Reconstruction, guided by Radical Republicans, aggressively pursued political equality for African Americans as defined by several pieces of legislation and the 14th Amendment. Conflict between Congress and President Andrew Johnson escalated until he was impeached.
4. President Ulysses S. Grant: Election, Successes and Corruption
Ulysses S. Grant, the Union hero of the Civil War, was elected in 1868, the last U.S. president to have been a slave owner. Despite his popularity, the nation faced social, economic and political difficulties, and his administration was shrouded in corruption.
5. The Reconstruction Amendments: The 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments
Between 1865 and 1870, during the historical era known as Reconstruction, the Thirteenth, Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution were ratified to establish political equality for all Americans. Together, they are known as the Reconstruction Amendments.
6. Reconstruction's Effects on African Americans: Politics, Education and Economy
The era in U.S. history known as Reconstruction presented many new opportunities to African Americans, especially in the South. For the first time, freedmen were free to pursue economic independence, education, religion and politics. These pursuits are embodied in the accomplishments of four men: Alonzo Herndon, Booker T. Washington, Jonathan Gibbs and Hiram Revels.
7. Life in the South After the Civil War
Following the Civil War, the era of Reconstruction was a difficult time for Southerners. Their land was destroyed, their political institutions were overrun by outsiders, the economy was in transition and their society was in upheaval. It was in this climate that the Ku Klux Klan was born and the Redeemers sought to reestablish the Old South.
8. Transcontinental Railroad, Homestead Act and Women's Suffrage
In light of slavery and the issues related to it, several consequential events are often overlooked in the mid- to late-1800s: the Homestead Act, completion of the the transcontinental railroad and the push for women's suffrage.
9. The Indian Wars: Struggle Between Native Americans and Settlers
As America expanded into the West, whites often encroached on Indian land and resources. Many Native Americans defended their territory, leading to a series of conflicts known as the Indian Wars.
10. The End of Reconstruction and the Election of 1876
Since the end of the Civil War in 1865, Republicans had tried to Reconstruct the South and secure equal rights for African American men. But a series of factors convened to bring Reconstruction to an end in 1877.
11. Reconstruction Period: Goals, Success and Failures
Reconstruction of the South following the American Civil War lasted from 1865-1877 under three presidents. It wasn't welcomed by Southerners, and there were many problems throughout this process. But, was it successful?
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Other chapters within the HiSET Social Studies: Prep and Practice course
- HiSET: Early American History (28,000 BCE-1821 CE)
- HiSET: Early American Colonies (1497-1732)
- HiSET: The Road to Revolution (1700-1774)
- HiSET: The American Revolution (1775-1783)
- HiSET: The Making of a New Nation (1776-1800)
- HiSET: The Virginia Dynasty (1801-1825)
- HiSET: Jacksonian Democracy (1825-1850)
- HiSET: Life in Antebellum America (1807-1861)
- HiSET: Manifest Destiny (1806-1855)
- HiSET: Sectional Crisis (1850-1861)
- HiSET: American Civil War (1861-1865)
- HiSET: Westward Expansion, Industrialization & Urbanization (1870-1900)
- HiSET: The Progressive Era in America (1900-1917)
- HiSET: American Imperialism (1890-1919)
- HiSET: The Roaring 20s in the US (1920-1929)
- HiSET: The Great Depression in the US (1929-1940)
- HiSET: The US in World War ll (1941-1945)
- HiSET: The World After World War ll (1946-1959)
- HiSET: The Cold War (1950-1973)
- HiSET: Protests, Activism & Civil Disobedience in the US (1954-1973)
- HiSET: The 1970s in the US (1969-1979)
- HiSET: Rise of Political Conservatism in the US (1980-1992)
- HiSET: Contemporary America (1992-2013)
- HiSET: Prehistory
- HiSET: History of the Ancient Near East
- HiSET: History of Ancient Greece
- HiSET: Hellenism & the Athenian Achievement
- HiSET: Rise of the Roman Republic
- HiSET: Fall of the Roman Empire
- HiSET: The Dark Ages
- HiSET: The Medieval Warm Period
- HiSET: The Early Middle Ages
- HiSET: The High Middle Ages
- HiSET: The Late Middle Ages
- HiSET: The Renaissance
- HiSET: The Age of Exploration
- HiSET: The Reformation in Europe
- HiSET: The Elizabethan Era
- HiSET: Colonialism
- HiSET: Art & Science in the Colonial Era
- HiSET: Absolutism in Western Europe (1648-1715)
- HiSET: Power Shifts in Eastern Europe (1648-1740)
- HiSET: Empire and Expansion in the 18th Century (1700-1799)
- HiSET: Scientific Revolution & the Enlightenment (1500-1790)
- HiSET: French Revolution & Napoleon (1780-1815)
- HiSET: Industrialization in Europe (1700-1900)
- HiSET: Political Developments (1760-1848)
- HiSET: The Age of Nationalism (1850-1914)
- HiSET: European Life & Trends (1850-1914)
- HiSET: Imperialism in the 19th - 20th Centuries
- HiSET: World War I (1914-1919)
- HiSET: Between the World Wars (1919-1939)
- HiSET: Europe & Asia in World War II
- HiSET: The Study of American Government
- HiSET: Federalism in the United States
- HiSET: American Political Culture, Opinion & Behavior
- HiSET: Civic Ideals & Citizenship
- HiSET: Civil Liberties in America
- HiSET: Political Parties in American Government
- HiSET: Scarcity, Choice & The Production Possibilities Curve
- HiSET: Measuring the Economy
- HiSET: Economic & Fiscal Policy of American Government
- HiSET: Labor & Consumer Issues
- HiSET: Modern Economic Systems
- HiSET: Introduction to Geography
- HiSET: Basic Facts & Concepts of the Earth
- HiSET: Geography & Farming
- HiSET: Economics & Geography
- HiSET: Political Geography
- HiSET: Settlement Patterns
- HiSET: Spatial Processes
- HiSET: The Geography of Languages, Religions & Material Culture
- HiSET Social Studies Flashcards