About This Chapter
HiSET: Rise of the Roman Republic - Chapter Summary
Watch these engaging video lessons and refresh your knowledge of the rise of the Roman Republic as you brush up on your world history for the HiSET Social Studies test. As you work through the chapter, you will learn about:
- Early history and the founding of Rome
- Roman culture, art, architecture, myths and religion
- Roman political systems and law
- Philosophical tenets of Stoicism and Atomism
- Julius Caesar and the fall of the Republic
A short quiz follows each lesson so you can practice using the material you've learned. Use the video transcripts to review ideas and identify key vocabulary items.
Objectives of the HiSET: Rise of the Roman Republic Chapter
The HiSET Social Studies exam is a seventy-minute test containing fifty questions. Questions cover four domains: history, civics/government, economics and geography. History questions account for 38% of your score. The material in this chapter covers the Roman history topics you can expect to encounter.
HiSET questions are presented in multiple-choice format, and so are the lesson quizzes in this chapter. This allows you to get used to answering HiSET-style exam questions while in a comfortable setting.
1. Roman Myths and Religion
This lesson compares Roman gods to their Greek predecessors and enumerates the similarities and differences between Greek and Roman religion. Finally, Roman religion's relationship with mystery cults, especially Christianity, is briefly explored.
2. The Founding of Ancient Rome & Rome's Early History
This lesson covers the foundation of Rome. We look at the geography of Italy. We examine some of its most important inhabitants before the Romans. Finally, we look at both the historical facts and the Roman myths regarding the foundation of Rome.
3. The Seven Kings of Rome: History & Summary
This lesson covers the legendary kings of Rome. The historical reality of these kings is challenged, and the central myths of their reign are explored.
4. The Latin, Samnite & Pyrrhic Wars
This lesson covers the unification of Italy under Roman control. In the course of this lesson, we explore the causes and repercussions of the Samnite Wars, the Latin War, and the Pyrrhic War.
5. The Punic Wars: Causes, Summary & Hannibal
This lesson covers the three Punic Wars. We compare Rome to Carthage, then get into a summary account of the First, Second and Third Punic Wars, with brief discussions of their causes and consequences.
6. Roman Law and the Pax Romana: Definition, Meaning & History
This lesson examines Roman law, following its development over time. Next, we briefly explore the three branches of Roman law. Finally, we look at how the spread of Roman law led to an era of Roman peace known as the Pax Romana.
7. Stoicism: Understanding Roman Moral Philosophy
This lesson looks at Roman moral philosophy, beginning with the unwritten laws and customs governing Roman social life. Then, we follow the introduction of Stoic philosophy to Rome. Finally, we take a look at some of Rome's greatest stoic philosophers.
8. Atomism: Natural Philosophy and Lucretius
This lesson will discuss the theories of the Roman philosopher, Lucretius. As it focuses on Lucretius and his works, it will highlight his belief in atomism and his famous poem, 'On the Nature of Things.'
9. Reform in the Roman Republic: The Gracchi, Marius & Sulla
This lesson covers the reforms of the Late Republic. We look at the effects of slavery on the Republic. We examine the factors that led to social unrest. Finally, we take a look at the efforts of various great men to save the Republic from itself.
10. Cicero: History & Philosophy
This lesson recounts the life and accomplishments of Cicero. We follow his political career through the collapse of the Roman Republic. We take a look at his philosophy. Finally we examine his legacy in western civilization.
11. The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey
This lesson explores the factors that led to the death of the Roman Republic. We start with class warfare. We then move onto the exploits of Pompey. Finally, we see how Julius Caesar delivered the death stroke to the Roman Republic.
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Other chapters within the HiSET Social Studies: Prep and Practice course
- HiSET: Early American History (28,000 BCE-1821 CE)
- HiSET: Early American Colonies (1497-1732)
- HiSET: The Road to Revolution (1700-1774)
- HiSET: The American Revolution (1775-1783)
- HiSET: The Making of a New Nation (1776-1800)
- HiSET: The Virginia Dynasty (1801-1825)
- HiSET: Jacksonian Democracy (1825-1850)
- HiSET: Life in Antebellum America (1807-1861)
- HiSET: Manifest Destiny (1806-1855)
- HiSET: Sectional Crisis (1850-1861)
- HiSET: American Civil War (1861-1865)
- HiSET: Reconstruction (1865-1877)
- HiSET: Westward Expansion, Industrialization & Urbanization (1870-1900)
- HiSET: The Progressive Era in America (1900-1917)
- HiSET: American Imperialism (1890-1919)
- HiSET: The Roaring 20s in the US (1920-1929)
- HiSET: The Great Depression in the US (1929-1940)
- HiSET: The US in World War ll (1941-1945)
- HiSET: The World After World War ll (1946-1959)
- HiSET: The Cold War (1950-1973)
- HiSET: Protests, Activism & Civil Disobedience in the US (1954-1973)
- HiSET: The 1970s in the US (1969-1979)
- HiSET: Rise of Political Conservatism in the US (1980-1992)
- HiSET: Contemporary America (1992-2013)
- HiSET: Prehistory
- HiSET: History of the Ancient Near East
- HiSET: History of Ancient Greece
- HiSET: Hellenism & the Athenian Achievement
- HiSET: Fall of the Roman Empire
- HiSET: The Dark Ages
- HiSET: The Medieval Warm Period
- HiSET: The Early Middle Ages
- HiSET: The High Middle Ages
- HiSET: The Late Middle Ages
- HiSET: The Renaissance
- HiSET: The Age of Exploration
- HiSET: The Reformation in Europe
- HiSET: The Elizabethan Era
- HiSET: Colonialism
- HiSET: Art & Science in the Colonial Era
- HiSET: Absolutism in Western Europe (1648-1715)
- HiSET: Power Shifts in Eastern Europe (1648-1740)
- HiSET: Empire and Expansion in the 18th Century (1700-1799)
- HiSET: Scientific Revolution & the Enlightenment (1500-1790)
- HiSET: French Revolution & Napoleon (1780-1815)
- HiSET: Industrialization in Europe (1700-1900)
- HiSET: Political Developments (1760-1848)
- HiSET: The Age of Nationalism (1850-1914)
- HiSET: European Life & Trends (1850-1914)
- HiSET: Imperialism in the 19th - 20th Centuries
- HiSET: World War I (1914-1919)
- HiSET: Between the World Wars (1919-1939)
- HiSET: Europe & Asia in World War II
- HiSET: The Study of American Government
- HiSET: Federalism in the United States
- HiSET: American Political Culture, Opinion & Behavior
- HiSET: Civic Ideals & Citizenship
- HiSET: Civil Liberties in America
- HiSET: Political Parties in American Government
- HiSET: Scarcity, Choice & The Production Possibilities Curve
- HiSET: Measuring the Economy
- HiSET: Economic & Fiscal Policy of American Government
- HiSET: Labor & Consumer Issues
- HiSET: Modern Economic Systems
- HiSET: Introduction to Geography
- HiSET: Basic Facts & Concepts of the Earth
- HiSET: Geography & Farming
- HiSET: Economics & Geography
- HiSET: Political Geography
- HiSET: Settlement Patterns
- HiSET: Spatial Processes
- HiSET: The Geography of Languages, Religions & Material Culture
- HiSET Social Studies Flashcards