About This Chapter
Historical Periods & Figures of the Fine Arts - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, instructors guide you through the artists, artistic styles and historical backdrops that shaped fine arts periods from Ancient Greece and Rome to the 20th century. You'll learn about the works of and influences on leading figures like Michelangelo, Durer, Monet and many more. By the time you finish the video lessons, you'll be able to do the following:
- List characteristics of Byzantine, Roman and Early Christian art
- Describe the art, sculpture and pottery of Ancient Greece
- Identify major works by Michelangelo
- Discuss influences on Protestant Reformation art
- Recognize the style of Gothic artwork
- Name key Impressionist and Post-Impressionist artists
- Identify major 20th-century artists and works
- Characterize sculpture from medieval times through the 1700s
Most of our videos are around 10 minutes or less in length so that learning about the fine arts can easily fit into your tight schedule. The professional instructors who developed the lessons combine historical context, graphics and examples to ensure you grasp the characteristics of each art movement. Once you've studied the videos and transcripts, you can assess your knowledge by taking the multiple-choice lesson quizzes.
1. Byzantine Art: Mosaics, History & Characteristics
This lesson covers Byzantine art and explains the difficulties of imposing artistic periods. Justinian is introduced as the man behind the Byzantine Golden Age. We explore the interesting dynamic between Byzantine imperialism and Christian religion. Finally, we take a brief look at eastern religious icons.
2. Roman Art: History, Characteristics & Style
This lesson offers a basic outline of Roman art. We begin by examining the Greek roots of Roman art. Then, we look at the three predominant forms of Roman art: sculpture, murals and mosaics.
3. Early Christian Art: History, Characteristics & Symbolism
This lesson covers the development of early Christian art. We begin in the catacombs of Rome, looking at early Christian frescoes. We then move to later sarcophagi. A brief survey of early Christian mosaics follows, and we close with the fine art of illuminated manuscripts.
4. Ancient Greek Art, Pottery and Sculpture
A survey of the transitions in Greek art, with special emphasis placed on the importance of materials and technique. This lecture explores Greek pottery styles from geometric to Orientalizing to black- and red-figure vases. It then turns to sculpture from Archaic styles to realism to idealism. Slides are shown throughout to get students familiar with these Greek styles.
5. Michelangelo: Biography and Works
This lesson will focus on the life and works of Michelangelo. It will discuss his life in Florence, his dealings with the Medici family, his sculpture 'David,' the Sistine Chapel and many other of his awe-inspiring works.
6. Art in the Protestant Reformation: Albrecht Durer & Northern European Artists
The Protestant Reformation introduced some pretty substantial changes into European society. In this lesson, we'll be talking about some of the impacts it had on the art of Northern Europe.
7. Gothic Sculpture and Stained Glass Windows: Characteristics & Style
In this lesson, we cover the development of Gothic architectural decoration, specifically decorative sculpture and stained glass windows. You'll learn about Gothic use of stained glass and the evolution of sculpture from Romanesque decoration to Gothic statues.
8. Impressionist Art: Characteristics & Artists
In this lesson, we will explore Impressionism. We will learn about the founding of the Impressionist movement, the major characteristics of Impressionism, and a few of the primary Impressionist artists.
9. Post-Impressionism: Between Impressionism & Modernism
In this lesson, we will explore Post-Impressionism, which was an artistic reaction to the Impressionist movement that swept the art world in the 1870s and 1880s. We will focus on the characteristics and artists of Post-Impressionism.
10. Prominent Artists & Works of the 20th Century
In this lesson, we will explore the world of 20th century art. We'll look at some overall characteristics of this century of art and then explore various trends and movements in the art world.
11. History of Sculpture: Medieval, Renaissance, Baroque & Rococo
In this lesson, we will study Medieval, Renaissance, Baroque, and Rococo sculpture. We will explore the primary characteristics of sculpture in these ages and look at some of the major sculptural works.
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- Philosophy and Nonfiction: Help and Review
- History of Visual Art: Help and Review
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- Overview of Opera and Orchestral Music: Help and Review
- Intro to Medieval Music: Help and Review
- Intro to Renaissance Music: Help and Review
- Intro to the Baroque Period in Music: Help and Review
- Music's Classical Period: Help and Review
- Music's Romantic Period: Help and Review
- Music of the Modern Era: Help and Review
- Overview of Jazz Music: Help and Review
- Intro to Musical Theater and Popular Music: Help and Review
- Intro to World Music: Help and Review
- Introduction to the Performing Arts: Help and Review
- Introduction to Morality
- Moral Belief Systems
- Ancient Greek Views on Ethics
- Theories of Natural & Moral Law
- Consequentialist & Non-Consequentialist Philosophies
- Morality Within Western Religion
- Issues of Morality in Life & Death
- Moral Issues in Economic Equality & Poverty
- Philosophical Theory & the Justice System
- Moral Issues in Peacetime & War
- Human Rights Ethics
- Moral Issues in Relationships & Sexuality
- Biomedical Ethics
- Morality in Business
- Environmental Ethics