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Ch 1: Historical Research & Writing - ORELA Middle Grades Social Science

About This Chapter

Use this study guide chapter to hone your comprehension of the various aspects of historical research and writing. These video lessons aim to strengthen your abilities to interpret pertinent information in historical data and arguments, and other skills tested in the ORELA Middle Grades Social Science exam.

Historical Research & Writing - ORELA Middle Grades Social Science Chapter Summary

As you study this chapter, you will be provided with the basics of historical methodology, with attention to information on primary and secondary sources, and how these sources may be used in historical writing. The lessons will address how to interpret pertinent data and compose well-crafted arguments to support claims. Refreshing these skills will prepare you for the history portion of the ORELA Middle Grades Social Science exam, which requires you to understand these research abilities. This chapter will specifically address the following skills:

  • Understanding of historical research design and historical methodology
  • Identifying and using primary and secondary sources to support details in essays
  • Analyzing claims, counterclaims, and other parts of arguments
  • Writing an evaluative essay in the proper format
  • Inferring purpose
  • Developing a balanced argument from supporting details
  • Analyzing strengths and weaknesses of source material and using the gathered information
  • Interpreting graphs, charts, and other data
  • Comprehending visuals and how they can be used to explain data

Experts will guide you through short, informative videos that explain the abilities listed above. As you watch the videos, prepare for the quizzes that correspond to each lesson, which will provide you with opportunities to test yourself on your understanding of each topic in preparation for the exam.

Historical Research & Writing - ORELA Middle Grades Social Science Chapter Objectives

Half of the 150 multiple-choice questions on the ORELA Middle Grades Social Science exam pertain to history topics. Part of the first objective of the history domain in this exam is to demonstrate an understanding of the different types of historical sources and how to use them in historical research and writing. The lessons in this chapter will develop your abilities to comprehend the value and purpose of historical sources and your aptitude for interpreting historical data to prepare you for this portion of the exam.

16 Lessons in Chapter 1: Historical Research & Writing - ORELA Middle Grades Social Science
Historical Research Design: Definition, Advantages & Limitations

1. Historical Research Design: Definition, Advantages & Limitations

Most research involves looking at what's happening right now. But what if a researcher wants to look at the past and what it can tell us about the future? In this lesson, we'll explore historical research design, its steps, and its pros and cons.

Historical Methodology: Evidence and Interpretation

2. Historical Methodology: Evidence and Interpretation

In this lesson. we will learn about historical methodology. We will learn how history is constructed based on evidence and how various interpretations are formulated.

What is a Primary Source? - Definition & Examples

3. What is a Primary Source? - Definition & Examples

Let's explore primary sources. In this lesson, learn about first hand materials as primary sources. And then, begin to analyze and determine if a document, information, or object is a primary source.

Secondary Source: Definition & Examples

4. Secondary Source: Definition & Examples

What are secondary sources? Read this lesson to learn about these materials. You'll also find out how to determine whether or not a source is secondary.

Supporting Details: Definition & Examples

5. Supporting Details: Definition & Examples

Find out what supporting details are and their role in essay writing. Learn the different ways to include supporting details, then take a quiz to test your new skills.

How to Use Sources to Write Essays and Evaluate Evidence

6. How to Use Sources to Write Essays and Evaluate Evidence

When writing an essay, you will often be asked to utilize appropriate sources for evidence, including facts and definitions. In this video, we will talk about the ways we can utilize and evaluate sources and evidence.

Parts of An Argument: Claims, Counterclaims, Reasons, and Evidence

7. Parts of An Argument: Claims, Counterclaims, Reasons, and Evidence

To effectively write an argument, you need to know the four basic parts. In this lesson, you will learn the definitions of the four basic parts and why you need them in an argument.

Evaluative Essay: Examples, Format & Characteristics

8. Evaluative Essay: Examples, Format & Characteristics

A good evaluative essay helps a writer present an opinion using criteria and evidence. Learn all about the evaluative essay and its components in this lesson.

What is Inference? - How to Infer Intended Meaning

9. What is Inference? - How to Infer Intended Meaning

In this lesson, we will define the terms inference and intended meaning. We will then discuss what steps to take when making inferences in literature.

Using Details to Support an Argument

10. Using Details to Support an Argument

This lesson will help you to be prepared to make a more comprehensive argument by including details. You'll consider what's missing from arguments without specifics and what strategies to use to improve your supporting information.

Creating a Balanced Argument Using Multiple Sources

11. Creating a Balanced Argument Using Multiple Sources

Arguments are good things. They're important parts of our academic, professional, and social lives, but they have to be done right. In this lesson, we're going to talk about creating a balanced argument through a simple, 5-step process.

Understanding a Source's Strengths and Weaknesses

12. Understanding a Source's Strengths and Weaknesses

In this lesson, we'll evaluate sources as they are used in the social sciences. We will identify various types of sources and analyze their strengths and weaknesses.

Acknowledging and Working With Source Discrepancies

13. Acknowledging and Working With Source Discrepancies

Have you ever read one thing in one book, and a totally contradictory thing in another book? That's called a source discrepancy. In this lesson, you'll learn how to deal with that when you're writing a paper.

How to Read Scientific Graphs & Charts

14. How to Read Scientific Graphs & Charts

How do scientists summarize their findings with visual aids? In this lesson, explore the different types of tables, charts and graphs that scientists use. Learn to read these effectively as a preview to your science studies.

The Role of Visuals in Communication

15. The Role of Visuals in Communication

Visuals used in business communication can help with message development. This lesson will explain how the use of visuals can increase understanding, development, communication, and the retainment of a message.

Using Visuals to Present Data: Textual Graphics vs. Visual Graphics

16. Using Visuals to Present Data: Textual Graphics vs. Visual Graphics

Textual and visual graphics can aid in visually presenting data to a business audience. You must first identify the type of data you will be presenting and then decide whether it is details, patterns or relationships being communicated.

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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the ORELA Middle Grades Social Science: Practice & Study Guide course

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