About This Chapter
How It Works:
- Identify the lessons in the History Alive Toward Independence chapter with which you need help.
- Find the corresponding video lessons with this companion course chapter.
- Watch fun videos that cover the independence movements topics you need to learn or review.
- Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
- If you need additional help, rewatch the videos until you've mastered the material or submit a question for one of our instructors.
Students will learn:
- What the Sons of Liberty was
- The Declaratory and Townshend Acts
- What happened during the Boston Tea Party
- The significance of the Second Continental Congress
- Ideas from the American Enlightenment
- What the First Great Awakening was
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1. Sons of Liberty: Resistance to the Stamp Act and British Rule
In 1763, British Prime Minister George Grenville passed new legislation aimed at solving some of the empire's problems stemming from the French and Indian War. The colonists cried, 'Taxation without representation is tyranny!' They organized boycotts, the Sons of Liberty and the Stamp Act Congress until some of the new taxes were lifted.
2. Boston Massacre: Colonists and the Declaratory and Townshend Acts
After overturning the hated Stamp Act, Parliament asserted its right to tax the colonists without representation by passing the Declaratory Act. When the Townshend Acts imposed import duties, the colonists went into action again. An escalating cycle of violence ended with the Boston Massacre, resulting in the cancellation of all duties except the one on tea.
3. The Boston Tea Party, Intolerable Acts & First Continental Congress
Three years of calm followed the Boston Massacre and the repeal of most Townshend duties. But no sooner had Parliament passed a new tax on tea than the colonies were in an uproar again about taxation without representation. What followed were the Boston Tea Party and the fateful last steps leading to war.
4. The Second Continental Congress and Thomas Paine's Common Sense
1763 marked the beginning of the long road to revolution for the American colonies. By 1775, military actions had finally erupted. How were the colonists and their leaders going to respond?
5. The American Enlightenment: Intellectual and Social Revolution
For a thousand years, Europe had been living in the Dark Ages until a series of philosophical, religious and scientific movements helped turn on the lights. The Enlightenment began in Europe, but quickly spread throughout America in the 1700s and helped set the stage for a revolution against British rule.
6. The First Great Awakening: Religious Revival and American Independence
While the Enlightenment was shaping the minds of 18th-century colonists, another movement, the First Great Awakening, was shaping their hearts. With freedom of conscience at its core, the Awakening led Americans to break with religious traditions and seek out their own beliefs while sharing common values.
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Other chapters within the TCI History Alive The United States Through Industrialism: Online Textbook Help course
- History Alive Chapter 1: The First Americans
- History Alive Chapter 2: European Exploration & Settlement
- History Alive Chapter 3: The English Colonies in North America
- History Alive Chapter 4: Life in the Colonies
- History Alive Chapter 6: The Declaration of Independence
- History Alive Chapter 7: The American Revolution
- History Alive Chapter 8: Creating the Constitution
- History Alive Chapter 9: The Constitution - A More Perfect Union
- History Alive Chapter 10: The Bill of Rights
- History Alive Chapter 11: Political Developments in the Early Republic
- History Alive Chapter 12: Foreign Affairs in the Young Nation
- History Alive Chapter 13: A Growing Sense of Nationhood
- History Alive Chapter 14: Andrew Jackson & the Growth of American Democracy
- History Alive Chapter 15: Manifest Destiny & the Growing Nation
- History Alive Chapter 16: Life in the West
- History Alive Chapter 17: Mexicano Contributions to the Southwest
- History Alive Chapter 18: An Era of Reform
- History Alive Chapter 19: The Worlds of North & South
- History Alive Chapter 20: African Americans in the Mid-1800s
- History Alive Chapter 21: A Dividing Nation
- History Alive Chapter 22: The Civil War
- History Alive Chapter 23: The Reconstruction Era
- History Alive Chapter 24: Tensions in the West
- History Alive Chapter 25: The Rise of Industry
- History Alive Chapter 26: The Great Wave of Immigration
- History Alive Chapter 27: The Progressive Era
- History Alive Chapter 28: The United States Becomes a World Power
- History Alive Chapter 29: Linking Past to Present