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- Define psychology.
- Explain what makes psychology a science.
- Compare and contrast the psychological approaches of functionalism and structuralism.
- Take a look at the later approaches of Gestalt psychology, psychoanalysis and behaviorism.
- List the psychological specialties available after 1950.
- Discuss the ethics of psychological experiments.
1. Why Study Psychology? - Overview & Experiments
Psychology is the study of human behavior and typically involves experiments to discover how individuals react under specific conditions. Learn about the Weekend Effect, the Asch Experiment, and other interesting experiments that psychologists have conducted.
2. What Is Psychology?
Psychology is the way we understand our thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Explore the definition of psychology and investigate the five major medical approaches employed by psychologists.
3. The Science of Psychology: Experiments & the Scientific Method
The scientific method is a process of solving different phenomena with a series of steps, including formulating a hypothesis, conducting experiments, and arriving at a concluding statement. Learn about the scientific method and discover ways it can be applied in the science of psychology.
4. Two Early Approaches: Functionalism and Structuralism
Structuralism relies heavily on introspection while functionalism studies behavior as a result of evolution. Explore the two early introspective approaches to psychology.
5. Three Later Approaches: Gestalt, Psychoanalysis and Behaviorism
Gestalt psychology is the study of how humans perceive whole objects that originated in Germany. Explore Gestalt psychology and three later approaches to psychoanalysis and behaviorism.
6. Psychological Specializations: Cognitive, Humanistic, Social, Developmental & Clinical
Psychologists can generally be divided into five different areas of specialization, namely cognitive, humanistic, social, developmental, and clinical. Explore the different psychological specializations and discover reasons why a doctor may pick one area of emphasis over another.
7. Ethics in Psychological Experiments: Importance & Examples
Psychological research and studies have to follow a set of ethics to ensure that experiments are humane and do not cause harm to their subjects. Explore the importance of ethics in psychological experimentation and find examples of how psychologists practice ethical standards.
8. Edward Titchener & Psychology: Contributions, Overview
Edward Titchener was the founder of structuralism, a school of thought that considered that thoughts were conformed by basic elements such as sensations. Explore Titchtener's contributions to psychology and the concepts of structuralism and experimental psychology, as well as their place in today's psychology.
9. Ethical Code of Conduct: Definition & Example
In this lesson, you'll learn about ethical codes of conduct and why they were developed. You'll also learn about the two main parts of an ethical code of conduct, which will be illustrated with some real-life examples.
10. Eugenics: Definition & Explanation
The atrocities committed under the Final Solution of Nazi Germany, the euthanasia of people deemed unworthy of life, was not the first or an isolated instance. Humankind has been trying to refine itself in many ways and many times.
11. Freud's Oedipus Complex Theory: Definition & Overview
Freud's Oedipus complex theory describes a stage of psychosexual development in children. Explore the literary roots of Freud's theory and its definition, history, development, and importance.
12. Psychoanalysis Theory: Definition & Explanation
Psychoanalysis was developed by Sigmund Freud as a school of thought and a type of therapy that focuses on the conscious and unconscious forces in people. Get to know the definition of psychoanalysis, explore the explanation of Freud's theory and the different techniques he developed to use in this type of therapy, and take a look at some of the criticisms of his theory.
13. Wilhelm Wundt's Theory & Structuralism: Overview
Wilhelm Wundt has contributed so much to psychology with his findings and theory. Discover the historic context of Wilhelm Wundt, an overview of the birth and methods of experimental psychology, who Edward B . Titchener is and his connection to structuralism, and Wundt's theories today.
14. History of Mental Institutions
In this lesson we will explore the history of America's psychiatric hospitals as well as treatments for the mentally ill. People who had great influence over psychiatric hospitals in the United States will also be discussed.
15. Mental Institutions in the 1950s
How were mental institutions different in the mid-20th century? In this lesson, we'll look at mental institutions in the 1950s, including the rapid changes that occurred during that decade.
16. Noam Chomsky & Psychology
Noam Chomsky: best known for his theories of language, which defined his early career, he is also a well known political activist who writes extensively about contemporary social issues. Here, we'll focus on the contributions he's made to psychology.
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Other chapters within the Introduction to Psychology: Tutoring Solution course
- Biological Bases of Behavior: Tutoring Solution
- Sensation and Perception: Tutoring Solution
- States of Consciousness: Tutoring Solution
- Learning: Tutoring Solution
- Cognition: Tutoring Solution
- Motivation and Emotion: Tutoring Solution
- Developmental Psychology: Tutoring Solution
- Personality: Tutoring Solution
- Theories of Social Psychology: Tutoring Solution
- Psychological Disorders and Health: Tutoring Solution
- Psychological Treatments: Tutoring Solution
- Statistics, Tests and Measurement: Tutoring Solution