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- Define psychology.
- Explain what makes psychology a science.
- Compare and contrast the psychological approaches of functionalism and structuralism.
- Take a look at the later approaches of Gestalt psychology, psychoanalysis and behaviorism.
- List the psychological specialties available after 1950.
- Discuss the ethics of psychological experiments.
1. Why Study Psychology? - Overview & Experiments
What at first seems obvious may not be the case. Psychology looks past intuitions and feelings to search for the true roots to our behaviors. Watch this lesson to learn about two experiments that demonstrate how testing the 'obvious' can yield surprising results.
2. What Is Psychology?
Psychology is the scientific study of how we think, feel and behave. In this lesson, you'll get an overview of the five main approaches that have guided modern psychological research.
3. The Science of Psychology: Experiments & the Scientific Method
How do psychologists use the scientific method to research behaviors? From formulating hypotheses to reducing biases, psychology carefully analyzes behaviors and their potential causes.
4. Two Early Approaches: Functionalism and Structuralism
What were the first two approaches to psychology, and how were they related? What do introspection and evolutionary principles have to do with it? In this lesson, you'll explore structuralism and functionalism.
5. Three Later Approaches: Gestalt, Psychoanalysis and Behaviorism
How was psychology studied in the early twentieth century? In this lesson, you'll look at three common approaches of the early twentieth century and get a sense of the diverse routes psychologists can take as they study how the mind works.
6. Psychological Specializations: Cognitive, Humanistic, Social, Developmental & Clinical
Psychologists today study behavior through five main specializations: cognitive, humanistic, social, developmental and clinical. In this lesson, you'll focus on the central ideas behind each approach.
7. Ethics in Psychological Experiments: Importance & Examples
What are the ethical principles of psychological research? In this lesson, you'll take a look at the careful considerations a psychologist must make with respect to her participants when she designs a test.
8. Edward Titchener & Psychology: Contributions, Overview
In this lesson you'll learn who Edward Bradford Titchener was and what he contributed to the field of psychology. Additionally, you'll explore the concepts of structuralism and experimental psychology, as well as their place in psychology today.
9. Ethical Code of Conduct: Definition & Example
In this lesson, you'll learn about ethical codes of conduct and why they were developed. You'll also learn about the two main parts of an ethical code of conduct, which will be illustrated with some real-life examples.
10. Eugenics: Definition & Explanation
The atrocities committed under the Final Solution of Nazi Germany, the euthanasia of people deemed unworthy of life, was not the first or an isolated instance. Humankind has been trying to refine itself in many ways and many times.
11. Freud's Oedipus Complex Theory: Definition & Overview
In this lesson, explore Freud's theory of unconscious desires through the Oedipus complex, which Freud - and many other psychologists, too - feel identifies and explains a vital aspect of our psycho-sexual development.
12. Psychoanalysis Theory: Definition & Explanation
In this lesson, we will focus on the definition of psychoanalysis, discuss Freud's theory of psychoanalysis, and delve into the concepts behind his theory. When you get to the end of the lesson, you can test your knowledge with a quiz.
13. Wilhelm Wundt's Theory & Structuralism: Overview
Wilhelm Wundt is considered the founder of experimental psychology. Read more to learn about how these early experiments were conducted, the theories that developed from them, and Wundt's legacy in contemporary psychology.
14. History of Mental Institutions
In this lesson we will explore the history of America's psychiatric hospitals as well as treatments for the mentally ill. People who had great influence over psychiatric hospitals in the United States will also be discussed.
15. Mental Institutions in the 1950s
How were mental institutions different in the mid-20th century? In this lesson, we'll look at mental institutions in the 1950s, including the rapid changes that occurred during that decade.
16. Noam Chomsky & Psychology
Noam Chomsky: best known for his theories of language, which defined his early career, he is also a well known political activist who writes extensively about contemporary social issues. Here, we'll focus on the contributions he's made to psychology.
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Other chapters within the Introduction to Psychology: Tutoring Solution course
- Biological Bases of Behavior: Tutoring Solution
- Sensation and Perception: Tutoring Solution
- States of Consciousness: Tutoring Solution
- Learning: Tutoring Solution
- Cognition: Tutoring Solution
- Motivation and Emotion: Tutoring Solution
- Developmental Psychology: Tutoring Solution
- Personality: Tutoring Solution
- Theories of Social Psychology: Tutoring Solution
- Psychological Disorders and Health: Tutoring Solution
- Psychological Treatments: Tutoring Solution
- Statistics, Tests and Measurement: Tutoring Solution