About This Chapter
Who's It For?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering Western civilization material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn about the history of Western civilization. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding ancient Greek events, literature, art, myths and religion
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning history (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about ancient Greece
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra history learning resources
How It Works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review
- Press play and watch the video lesson
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes
- Verify you're ready by completing the History of Ancient Greece chapter exam
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the History of Ancient Greece chapter exam to be prepared
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any question about ancient Greece. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device
Students will review:
In this chapter, you'll find the answers to questions including:
- How did early Greek, Minoan and Phoenician alphabets benefit Western civilization?
- Who wrote The Iliad and The Odyssey, and what were they about?
- How were the Greek city-states organized, including Sparta?
- What were some of the key characters found in Greek myths and religion?
- How did slaves and women function in Greek society?
- Who were the pre-Socratic philosophers, and what did they think?
1. The Minoans
This lesson explores Minoan civilization. Beginning with Arthur Evans' discoveries at Knossos, we move on to explore the mysteries of Minoan art and writing, as well as their mysterious decline in the 15th century BCE.
2. History of the Alphabet: From Cuneiform to Greek Writing
This lecture follows the development of writing, from the pictographs of proto-cuneiform to the symbolic phonemes of cuneiform and hieroglyphics. Then from the abjads of the Phoenecians, Minoans, Hebrews and Arabs to the complete alphabets of the Greeks. It explores the limitations and strengths of each development and draws modern parallels.
3. The Iliad: Greek Epic
This lecture traces the history of Greek epics. It then examines the central themes of 'The Iliad': Xenia, Achilles' wrath, and his quest for immortality. The plot of 'The Iliad' is summarized and attention is drawn to themes from the Sumerian tradition.
4. The Odyssey: Greek Epic
This lecture provides a rough outline of the exploits of Odysseus in Homer's epic poem ''The Odyssey''. You'll learn plot details about this epic poem, in addition to hearing about how this important tale relates to Greek culture and literary works throughout history.
5. Bronze Age Greece: Schliemann's Quest for Troy
This lecture covers the history of Bronze Age Greece, beginning with the discovery of its greatest city, Mycenae, by Heinrich Schliemann, emphasizing that the quest to find these cities was inspired by works of classical literature. It then describes the architecture of Mycenae and some of the relics found there. Finally, the lesson examines the Mycenaean achievement and its place in Western history.
6. From Mycenae's Collapse to Greek Colonization
This lesson covers the history of Greece from the collapse of Mycenae to the start of Greek Colonization. We watch its dissolution during the Dorian Invasion and take a look at Greece in the Dark Ages.
7. Greek Myth and Religion
This lecture examines the troubles of generalizing Greek religion, before doing just that. It lists the major Olympian gods and their roles. It then explores the function of heroes in Greek religion. Next, the relationship between gods and men is laid out. Finally, it explores aspects of Greek myth that reemerge in Christianity.
8. Greek City-States and Governments
This is a lecture about Greek city states. It begins with an examination of the influence geography had on Greek politics, by comparing Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia. This is followed by a loose characterization of Greek poleis in general, with specific attention paid to constitutions, colonialism and competition.
9. Women of Greece
The Greeks were one of the most progressive ancient civilizations, but that wasn't true in how they treated women. This lesson goes over facts about how women were treated and explains how the best place to be a woman in Greece was Sparta.
10. Ancient Greek Art, Pottery and Sculpture
A survey of the transitions in Greek art, with special emphasis placed on the importance of materials and technique. This lecture explores Greek pottery styles from geometric to Orientalizing to black- and red-figure vases. It then turns to sculpture from Archaic styles to realism to idealism. Slides are shown throughout to get students familiar with these Greek styles.
11. Ancient Greek Architecture: Dorian, Ionic & Corinthian
This lecture discusses Greek architecture and its legacy. Enjoy our exploration of Greek columns, temples, stadiums, treasuries and theaters, and see why the Greeks might have reached the pinnacle of architectural achievement.
12. The Birth of Philosophy: The Presocratics
This lecture covers the advent of philosophy. It first differentiates philosophy from religion, drawing parallels to modern science. It then establishes the basic questions of Presocratic philosophy: What is matter? and What causes change? The rest of the lecture demonstrates how these questions developed as they were tackled by generations of Presocratic philosophers. Finally, it makes plain our incredible debt to the Presocratics.
13. Phalanx Warfare in Ancient Greece
This lecture compares phalanx warfare to its hit-and-run predecessors, drawing distinctions between hit-and-run skirmishing and decisive warfare. It examines the cultural, political, and geographical features of Greece that made phalanx warfare possible and necessary, and it describes the hoplite gear and mentality.
14. History of Sparta
In this lesson, you'll examine forces that shaped a Spartan society of elite warriors. We'll also explore the stratified caste system created by Lycurgus.
15. Birth of History: Herodotus' Persian War
This lecture begins with Herodotus' special place in history. It then looks at the miracle at Marathon and seeks to explain how it happened by comparing phalanx warfare to Persian warfare. Following that, we'll run through a brief summary of the rest of the war, with special attention drawn to Greek triremes.
16. Slavery in Ancient Greece
This lesson explores slavery in ancient Greece. We examine the various forms slavery took in Greece, comparing Spartan serfdom to Athenian chattel slavery. Finally, we enumerate the duties and rights of Athenian slaves.
17. Historical Events of the 4th Century BCE
Learn about the people and events of the fourth century before the common era (B.C.E.). When you've read about it, take the quiz and see what you remember.
18. What is a Megaron? - Definition & Architecture
In this lesson, we explore megarons, the largest and most important rooms in an ancient Greek house which were required to hold important events and fete important individuals.
19. Adeimantus of Collytus, Brother of Plato
Learn about Adeimantus of Collytus, the brother of Plato and a character in his book The Republic. When you are finished take the quiz and see what you've learned.
20. The Pergamon Altar of Zeus: History & Style
Learn about the Pergamon Altar, one of the ancient wonders of the world and one of the best examples of surviving ancient sculpture. Afterwards, take the quiz and see what you've learned.
21. The Greek God Hermes: Facts, Myths & Symbols
The Greek god Hermes was known as a trickster, a messenger, and even a thief. In this lesson, learn about the myths surrounding Hermes and become familiar with common symbols associated with this unique figure.
22. Battle at Thermopylae: Definition & Map
Learn about the Battle at Thermopylae and discover the heroism of the Spartan king Leonidas and his men. Explore the background of this famous example of courage and heroism in the face of certain defeat.
23. Hector of Troy: History, Overview
In this lesson we explore the Trojan warrior, Hector. Devoted husband, defender of the city, and son of Troy's king, Hector plays a crucial part in Homer's ''Iliad'' as the champion of his city and his brother.
24. King Priam of Troy: Mythology, Kingdom & Death
In this lesson we will learn who King Priam of Troy was. Together, we will take a closer look at his history, his personal life and his legacy. We will analyze his role in the Trojan War and how his decisions may have resulted in his death.
25. Leucippus' Atomic Theory & Model
Centuries before scientists confirmed that all matter is composed of atoms, the ancient Greek philosopher Leucippus hypothesized that the physical universe is composed of atom-like particles. After watching the video, try your hand at the quiz questions.
26. Life of Ancient Roman Slaves: Facts & Treatment
Most civilizations throughout human history have played host to the unfortunate institution of slavery. This lesson will introduce how slavery was unique in ancient Rome, including the origins of Roman slaves, how they were treated, slave rebellions, and the jobs slaves held.
27. Lycurgus of Sparta: Life & Laws
In this lesson, we will learn who Lycurgus of Sparta was. Together, we'll take a closer look at his history, his personal life and his legacy. Then we can analyze the improvements he made to Sparta and the ways in which his death impacted the survival of those changes.
28. Minoan Civilization: Facts, Map & Timeline
This lesson explores an old civilization of the ancient Greeks, known to archaeologists and historians as the Minoans. The Minoans were some of the earliest Greeks, and they lived on the island of Crete.
29. Mycenaean Civilization: Culture & History
Explore the world of the ancient Mycenaean civilization. Meet the society that formed the basis for the famous Greek works of Homer and discover how this rich society eventually crumpled.
30. Orestes of Alexandria: Mythology, Overview
Learn about Orestes of Alexandria, the Roman governor of Egypt who found himself in the middle of a clash between the Jews and Christians and was forced to leave his posting.
31. The Greek God Aeolus: Mythology, Overview
In this lesson, we will explore the Greek god Aeolus. Keeper of the wind and resident of the island Aeolia, the god's largest role in Greek literature or myth is in attempting to aid Odysseus home in Homer's Odyssey.
32. The Greek Goddess Eos: Mythology, Overview
In this lesson we explore the Greek goddess Eos. The bringer of dawn and sister to the sun and moon, Eos played an important role by signaling the beginning of each day.
33. Titans of Greek Mythology: Facts & Overview
Explore the mythology of the Ancient Greeks through stories about the Titans, the first Greek gods. Learn about the birth of the Titans and their defeat by a new generation of gods, led by Zeus. Discover the Titan Prometheus, who first gave fire to mankind.
34. Who is Apollo? - Greek God & Concept
From his birth on the island of Delos to the Pythian Games held in his honor at Delphi, this lesson explores the exciting mythology surrounding Apollo - one of the most important Greek gods.
35. Who was Aristotle? - Definition & Philosophy
Considered to be one of the most influential thinkers of Western culture, the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle merged science and philosophy to develop a logical and virtuous means of understanding and living in our world.
36. Who was the Goddess Athena? - Mythology, Overview
In this lesson, we explore the mythology of the Greek goddess Athena and her importance to ancient Greek culture. The patron goddess of most military-related matters, she was honored widely throughout Greece.
37. Greek Art Periods: Geometric, Archaic, Classical & Hellenistic
Despite the Dark Age, which destroyed two major Greek civilizations, the culture rebounded, creating works that surpassed anything ever seen before. Learn more about major Greek art periods.
38. Ancient Aegean Civilization
Minos and the Minotaur. Helen of Troy. Odysseus and his Odyssey. These names, still famous today, bring to mind the glories of the Bronze Age Aegean. But what was the truth behind these legends? This lesson examines the history of the ancient Aegean.
39. Copper Age History
At some point, many human societies began using metal tools. How did this happen? In this lesson, we're going to explore the Copper Age and see what impact this had on world history.
40. Greek Mythological Creatures
The half-human, half-horse Centaur; the alluring, yet dangerous, Sirens; the semi-divine nature spirits known as Nymphs - these are but a few of the many fabulous creatures in Greek mythology. This lesson looks at these creatures and more.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Western Civilization I: Help and Review course
- Prehistory: Help and Review
- History of the Ancient Near East
- History of the Ancient Near East: Help and Review
- Hellenism and the Athenian Achievement: Help and Review
- The Rise of the Roman Republic: Help and Review
- The Fall of the Roman Empire: Help and Review
- The Dark Ages: Help and Review
- The Early Middle Ages: Help and Review
- The Medieval Warm Period: Help and Review
- The High Middle Ages: Help and Review
- The Late Middle Ages: Help and Review
- The Renaissance: Help and Review
- The Age of Exploration: Help and Review
- The Reformation: Help and Review
- The Elizabethan Era: Help and Review
- Colonialism in History: Help and Review