About This Chapter
Who's it for?
This unit of our High School World History Homeschool course will benefit any student who is trying to learn about ancient Greek history. There is no faster or easier way to learn about ancient Greece. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who require an efficient, self-paced course of study to learn about ancient Greek art, myths and religion; the birth of history and philosophy; and Homer's The Iliad and The Odyssey.
- Homeschool parents looking to spend less time preparing lessons and more time teaching.
- Homeschool parents who need a history curriculum that appeals to multiple learning types (visual or auditory).
- Gifted students and students with learning differences.
How it works:
- Students watch a short, fun video lesson that covers a specific unit topic.
- Students and parents can refer to the video transcripts to reinforce learning.
- Short quizzes and a History of Ancient Greece unit exam confirm understanding or identify any topics that require review.
History of Ancient Greece Unit Objectives:
- Explore the early civilization of the Minoans and the development of Greek colonies.
- Study the history and benefits of alphabets.
- Identify the major characters and themes found in Greek myths and religion.
- Explain why Greek city-states remained independent, with a special emphasis on Sparta.
- Discuss the accomplishments and role of women in Greek society.
- Identify the unique characteristics of Greek architecture, such as Corinthian, Doric and Ionic columns.
- Summarize the pre-Socratic philosophers and philosophies.
- Explore the role of Herodotus as a historian, and summarize the Peloponnesian War.
1. The Minoans
This lesson explores Minoan civilization. Beginning with Arthur Evans' discoveries at Knossos, we move on to explore the mysteries of Minoan art and writing, as well as their mysterious decline in the 15th century BCE.
2. History of the Alphabet: From Cuneiform to Greek Writing
This lecture follows the development of writing, from the pictographs of proto-cuneiform to the symbolic phonemes of cuneiform and hieroglyphics. Then from the abjads of the Phoenecians, Minoans, Hebrews and Arabs to the complete alphabets of the Greeks. It explores the limitations and strengths of each development and draws modern parallels.
3. The Iliad: Greek Epic
This lecture traces the history of Greek epics. It then examines the central themes of 'The Iliad': Xenia, Achilles' wrath, and his quest for immortality. The plot of 'The Iliad' is summarized and attention is drawn to themes from the Sumerian tradition.
4. The Odyssey: Greek Epic
This lecture provides a rough outline of the exploits of Odysseus in Homer's epic poem ''The Odyssey''. You'll learn plot details about this epic poem, in addition to hearing about how this important tale relates to Greek culture and literary works throughout history.
5. Bronze Age Greece: Schliemann's Quest for Troy
This lecture covers the history of Bronze Age Greece, beginning with the discovery of its greatest city, Mycenae, by Heinrich Schliemann, emphasizing that the quest to find these cities was inspired by works of classical literature. It then describes the architecture of Mycenae and some of the relics found there. Finally, the lesson examines the Mycenaean achievement and its place in Western history.
6. From Mycenae's Collapse to Greek Colonization
This lesson covers the history of Greece from the collapse of Mycenae to the start of Greek Colonization. We watch its dissolution during the Dorian Invasion and take a look at Greece in the Dark Ages.
7. Greek Myth and Religion
This lecture examines the troubles of generalizing Greek religion, before doing just that. It lists the major Olympian gods and their roles. It then explores the function of heroes in Greek religion. Next, the relationship between gods and men is laid out. Finally, it explores aspects of Greek myth that reemerge in Christianity.
8. Greek City-States and Governments
This is a lecture about Greek city states. It begins with an examination of the influence geography had on Greek politics, by comparing Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia. This is followed by a loose characterization of Greek poleis in general, with specific attention paid to constitutions, colonialism and competition.
9. Women of Greece
The Greeks were one of the most progressive ancient civilizations, but that wasn't true in how they treated women. This lesson goes over facts about how women were treated and explains how the best place to be a woman in Greece was Sparta.
10. Ancient Greek Art, Pottery and Sculpture
A survey of the transitions in Greek art, with special emphasis placed on the importance of materials and technique. This lecture explores Greek pottery styles from geometric to Orientalizing to black- and red-figure vases. It then turns to sculpture from Archaic styles to realism to idealism. Slides are shown throughout to get students familiar with these Greek styles.
11. Ancient Greek Architecture: Dorian, Ionic & Corinthian
This lecture discusses Greek architecture and its legacy. Enjoy our exploration of Greek columns, temples, stadiums, treasuries and theaters, and see why the Greeks might have reached the pinnacle of architectural achievement.
12. The Birth of Philosophy: The Presocratics
This lecture covers the advent of philosophy. It first differentiates philosophy from religion, drawing parallels to modern science. It then establishes the basic questions of Presocratic philosophy: What is matter? and What causes change? The rest of the lecture demonstrates how these questions developed as they were tackled by generations of Presocratic philosophers. Finally, it makes plain our incredible debt to the Presocratics.
13. Phalanx Warfare in Ancient Greece
This lecture compares phalanx warfare to its hit-and-run predecessors, drawing distinctions between hit-and-run skirmishing and decisive warfare. It examines the cultural, political, and geographical features of Greece that made phalanx warfare possible and necessary, and it describes the hoplite gear and mentality.
14. History of Sparta
In this lesson, you'll examine forces that shaped a Spartan society of elite warriors. We'll also explore the stratified caste system created by Lycurgus.
15. Birth of History: Herodotus' Persian War
This lecture begins with Herodotus' special place in history. It then looks at the miracle at Marathon and seeks to explain how it happened by comparing phalanx warfare to Persian warfare. Following that, we'll run through a brief summary of the rest of the war, with special attention drawn to Greek triremes.
16. Slavery in Ancient Greece
This lesson explores slavery in ancient Greece. We examine the various forms slavery took in Greece, comparing Spartan serfdom to Athenian chattel slavery. Finally, we enumerate the duties and rights of Athenian slaves.
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Other chapters within the High School World History: Homeschool Curriculum course
- Foundational Concepts of World History: Homeschool Curriculum
- Geography - Topography: Homeschool Curriculum
- World Religions & Belief Systems: Homeschool Curriculum
- World History - Early Civilizations: Homeschool Curriculum
- Ancient Civilizations - Near East: Homeschool Curriculum
- Ancient Civilizations - China: Homeschool Curriculum
- Ancient Civilizations - India: Homeschool Curriculum
- Hellenism and Athenian Achievement: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Rise of the Roman Republic: Homeschool Curriculum
- History of the Fall of Rome: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Founding of Christianity: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Eastern Mediterranean: Homeschool Curriculum
- Introduction to the Dark Ages: Homeschool Curriculum
- African History: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Early Middle Ages: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Medieval Warm Period: Homeschool Curriculum
- The High Middle Ages: Homeschool Curriculum
- Asian History (1000-1300 CE): Homeschool Curriculum
- Pre-European Civilizations in North America: Homeschool Curriculum
- Dynastic Empires of Eurasia: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Late Middle Ages: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Renaissance Era: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Age of Exploration: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Reformation Across Europe: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Elizabethan Era: Homeschool Curriculum
- Colonialism: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Enlightenment & World Revolutions: Homeschool Curriculum
- World War I: Homeschool Curriculum
- Between the World Wars: Homeschool Curriculum
- World War II: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Cold War: Homeschool Curriculum
- Post War Europe, Asia, Middle East & Africa: Homeschool Curriculum
- Latin America Since 1900: Homeschool Curriculum
- The 21st Century: Homeschool Curriculum