About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering humanities material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn college humanities. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding Ancient Greek architecture or Roman engineering and architecture
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning humanities (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about the history of architecture
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra humanities learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the History of Architecture chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the History of Architecture chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any architecture history question. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in a history of architecture unit of a standard introductory humanities course. Topics covered include:
- Byzantine architecture
- Romanesque architecture
- Baroque architecture
- Dorian, Ionic and Corinthian
- 19th and 20th century architects
1. Byzantine Architecture: History, Characteristics & Examples
In this lesson, we look at the development of Byzantine architecture. We examine its relationship to the Byzantine Emperor Justinian. We then compare Byzantine architecture to early Christian architecture and enumerate the distinctly Byzantine elements of their art and architecture: central-plan, domes and pendentives. Finally, we touch briefly on how these architectural masterpieces were decorated.
2. Romanesque Architecture: Characteristics, Examples & History
In this lesson we fly through the various characteristics of Romanesque architecture: the semicircular arch, various sorts of vaulting, heavier construction, and the addition of increasingly intricate exteriors incorporating towers, arcades, and decorative sculpture.
3. Baroque Architecture: Style, Characteristics & Features
This lesson explores the development of Baroque architecture. We begin in Italy by tracing the development of several Baroque themes, culminating in the Vatican itself. We then move to France, where these trends further developed, reaching their apex in Louis XIV's ambitious palace at Versailles.
4. Ancient Greek Architecture: Dorian, Ionic & Corinthian
This lecture discusses Greek architecture and its legacy. Enjoy our exploration of Greek columns, temples, stadiums, treasuries and theaters, and see why the Greeks might have reached the pinnacle of architectural achievement.
5. Roman Engineering and Architecture
This lecture covers Roman advances in architecture and engineering. First, Rome's debt to Greece is explored. Next, Roman advances in material science are enumerated: cement, mortar and concrete. After that, we will look at a few distinctly Roman techniques: the arch and the dome.
6. Frank Lloyd Wright: Biography, Architecture & Style
Who was Frank Lloyd Wright? This lesson takes you through a biography of the architect, provides examples of his work, and defines the attributes of his style. Finish with a quiz to see what you learned.
7. What Are the Different Types of Bridges?
Bridges have been around for thousands of years, and are one of humankind's oldest architectural wonders. In this lesson, you will learn a bit about the long history of bridges, different types of bridges, and popular bridge types we see today.
8. Hagia Sophia: Definition, History & Architecture
The Hagia Sophia is one of the most famous buildings in world history, having served as a church, a mosque, and as a museum. That is to say nothing of its architectural design, which you can learn more about in this lesson.
9. Michael Graves: Biography, Architecture & Designs
In this lesson, learn about Michael Graves, a brilliant architect and thinker who defected from the modern school and spent his life making structures and products full of whimsy and personality.
10. Mosque: Definition, Architecture, Art & Facts
In this lesson, we'll learn about mosques, which are the primary place of worship for over one billion Muslims around the world. Learn about their architecture and finally, test your knowledge with a quiz on the material.
11. Nave in Architecture: Definition & Overview
The nave is a central component of the church structure that has remained an important piece of religious architectural design for centuries. In this lesson, you will get to know more about the nave and the critical role that it plays in both ancient and modern religious architecture.
12. Rem Koolhaas: Biography, Architecture & Projects
Rem Koolhaas is an internationally renowned architect who has built diverse post-modern structures worldwide. Koolhaas was influenced by post-modern Japanese architectural theory as well as his experience in reconstruction and invention in the Netherlands and Indonesia.
13. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame: Location, Architect & Inductees
The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame sits on the shores of Lake Erie in Cleveland, Ohio. Honoring the history of its style, the Hall of Fame invokes the nature of its heritage not only in those it honors, but also the shape of the very building.
14. Romanesque Revival: Architecture & Style
You're probably heard the phrase, 'When in Rome, do as the Romans do.' During the 19th century, architects embraced the concept of, 'build as the Romans do.' In this lesson, you will learn about the architecture of the Romanesque Revival.
15. What Is Fenestration? - Definition & Architecture
There are many components of a successful building, not the least of which is its fenestration. In this lesson, we'll explore this concept and see how it impacts both design and practical elements of architecture.
16. Abbot Suger: Gothic Architecture & Stained Glass
Abbot Suger is considered by many to be the father of Gothic Architecture. In this lesson, learn about Suger's life, what Gothic Architecture is, and how it revolutionized Europe's built landscape.
17. Ancient African Architecture: History & Examples
From the pyramids of Egypt to the ruins of South Africa, African architecture has a significant place in architectural history, housing some of the oldest architecture in the world. This lesson focuses on various types of African architecture and the construction materials the builders used.
18. Contemporary African Architecture: Examples & Trends
Contemporary African architecture is defined by its use of local material and historical rootedness. Architects Diebedo Francis Kere and Kunle Adeyami use local material like clay and timber to construct structures which meet the needs of their communities.
19. North African Architecture: History & Examples
The history of North African architecture is full of variety, mystery, and mastery. This lesson contains a brief overview of the history of North African architecture. We will also observe examples of the unique and fascinating structures found in the region.
20. South African Architecture: History & Examples
Small, utilitarian homes, grand structures of colonial dominance, and buildings of a post-apartheid state; all of these attribute to the narrative history of South African architecture. In this lesson we will take a closer look at some examples of South African architecture.
21. West African Architecture: History & Examples
The climate, history, and culture of West Africa have combined to make West Africa a unique place architecturally. From the Djenne Mosque in Mali to the Nkruhma Memorial in Ghana, the region has some of the most innovative designs in Africa.
22. Influential 19th & 20th Century Architects
In this lesson, we will explore the world of late 19th and 20th century architecture. We will learn about major architectural movements in this period and meet some famous architects.
23. Maya Lin: Biography, Artwork & the Vietnam Memorial
By age 21, Maya Lin had already achieved an architectural honor that few ever receive when her design was selected for the Vietnam Veteran's Memorial to be built on the National Mall. Since then, she has enjoyed a successful career, but more than a few detractors.
24. Space Frame: Definition, Structures & Design
The space frame is defined by its reliance on the inherent structural strength of the equilateral triangle. The space frame was designed in the 1900s by Alexander Graham Bell, but was not fully realized until Richard Buckminster Fuller later used it to construct his geodesic domes.
25. Thin Shell Concrete: Structures & Construction
Thin-shell concrete in architecture and design was developed out of pressing engineering and economic consideration. Its design was pioneered by Dyckerhoff and Widmann in Germany and used for great commercial and aesthetic effect.
26. Urban Renewal: Definition, Projects & Strategy
Learn about urban renewal as an arts-based practice, including graffiti art, public art, and participatory art. Explore the many facets of community engagement and economic revitalization associated with urban renewal arts projects.
27. Villa Savoye: Plans, Structure & Analysis
This lesson will discuss a modern French work of architecture, the Villa Savoye. By looking at Le Corbusier's style and floor plans, the lesson will analyze the architect's aesthetic and the building's significance.
28. What is a Gambrel Roof? - Design, Style & Construction
Have you ever climbed into a roomy barn attic and looked at the roof suspended over your head? In this lesson, learn about the design and construction of gambrel roofs, the type that enables all that extra space.
29. What Is Cladding? - Definition, Systems & Materials
What protects a building from the elements? Why do many modern homes have aluminum or vinyl siding on them? In this lesson, we'll learn the basics of cladding, an architectural term that refers to a covering or coating on the outside of a building.
30. Hundertwasser: House, Architecture & Buildings
Friedensreich Hundertwasser brought personality, harmony, and innocence to such impersonal endeavors like apartment complexes, corporate businesses, and modern life.
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Other chapters within the Introduction to Humanities: Help and Review course
- Literary Terms & Techniques: Help and Review
- Literary Time Periods: Help and Review
- Literature of the Middle Ages: Help and Review
- The English Renaissance: Help and Review
- Literature of the Victorian Era: Help and Review
- British Romanticism: Help and Review
- British Literature of the 20th Century: Help and Review
- Literary Modernism: Help and Review
- Romantic Poetry: Help and Review
- World Literature - Drama: Help and Review
- Poetry of the Ancient and Modern Worlds: Help and Review
- Prominent American Novelists: Help and Review
- Philosophy and Nonfiction: Help and Review
- History of Visual Art: Help and Review
- Basic Elements of Music: Help and Review
- Overview of Opera and Orchestral Music: Help and Review
- Intro to Medieval Music: Help and Review
- Intro to Renaissance Music: Help and Review
- Intro to the Baroque Period in Music: Help and Review
- Music's Classical Period: Help and Review
- Music's Romantic Period: Help and Review
- Music of the Modern Era: Help and Review
- Overview of Jazz Music: Help and Review
- Intro to Musical Theater and Popular Music: Help and Review
- Intro to World Music: Help and Review
- Introduction to the Performing Arts: Help and Review
- Introduction to Morality
- Moral Belief Systems
- Ancient Greek Views on Ethics
- Theories of Natural & Moral Law
- Consequentialist & Non-Consequentialist Philosophies
- Morality Within Western Religion
- Issues of Morality in Life & Death
- Moral Issues in Economic Equality & Poverty
- Philosophical Theory & the Justice System
- Moral Issues in Peacetime & War
- Human Rights Ethics
- Moral Issues in Relationships & Sexuality
- Biomedical Ethics
- Morality in Business
- Environmental Ethics