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- Study the contrasts between Byzantine and early Christian architecture.
- Discuss the characteristics and intricacies of Romanesque architecture.
- Learn about the columns and temples that are featured in ancient Greek architecture.
- Discover the results of advances in Roman architectural engineering.
- Get information about the most well-known architects of the 19th and 20th centuries.
1. Byzantine Architecture: History, Characteristics & Examples
In this lesson, we look at the development of Byzantine architecture. We examine its relationship to the Byzantine Emperor Justinian. We then compare Byzantine architecture to early Christian architecture and enumerate the distinctly Byzantine elements of their art and architecture: central-plan, domes and pendentives. Finally, we touch briefly on how these architectural masterpieces were decorated.
2. Romanesque Architecture: Characteristics, Examples & History
In this lesson we fly through the various characteristics of Romanesque architecture: the semicircular arch, various sorts of vaulting, heavier construction, and the addition of increasingly intricate exteriors incorporating towers, arcades, and decorative sculpture.
3. Baroque Architecture: Style, Characteristics & Features
This lesson explores the development of Baroque architecture. We begin in Italy by tracing the development of several Baroque themes, culminating in the Vatican itself. We then move to France, where these trends further developed, reaching their apex in Louis XIV's ambitious palace at Versailles.
4. Ancient Greek Architecture: Dorian, Ionic & Corinthian
This lecture discusses Greek architecture and its legacy. Enjoy our exploration of Greek columns, temples, stadiums, treasuries and theaters, and see why the Greeks might have reached the pinnacle of architectural achievement.
5. Roman Engineering and Architecture
This lecture covers Roman advances in architecture and engineering. First, Rome's debt to Greece is explored. Next, Roman advances in material science are enumerated: cement, mortar and concrete. After that, we will look at a few distinctly Roman techniques: the arch and the dome.
6. Adolf Loos: Biography, Architecture & Buildings
Adolf Loos was the founding thinker and creator of the Modern architectural style. Loos' controversial views played out in writings such as 'Ornament and Crime' and in his buildings, like the Looshaus, where Loos challenged Vienna to embrace the march of progress and turn away from Art Nouveau and ornamental designs
7. Albert Speer: Biography, Architecture & Buildings
Architect of both the proposed Nazi postwar capital and the very real Nazi supply chain, Albert Speer is unique among former Nazi leaders in that he went on to live a relatively normal life following World War II. While his works have been largely lost to demolition, their memory still invokes the haunting terror that was the Nazi plan for Europe.
8. Apse in Architecture: Definition & Overview
This lesson explores the Apse in architecture, both in Roman times and in modern-day use. We will look at this feature's structure, its cultural significance and religious symbolism involving its orientation in places of worship.
9. Architect Renzo Piano: Biography, Architecture & Buildings
Renzo Piano is an internationally acclaimed architect who focuses on public spaces that promote art and community. Piano's early work is characterized by his literal approach to the importance of community, while his later work focuses on light and space.
10. Atrium in Architecture: Definition & Overview
The Atrium in architecture has remained a spectacle of beauty over the centuries. In this lesson, we will define this structure, and learn about it's uses, types, and history.
11. Barrel Vault: Definition, Construction & Architecture
This lesson defines what a barrel vault is and how it is constructed. See a diagram of a barrel vault, and learn how barrel vaults are used in specific structures, from ancient to modern times.
12. Buttressing: Definition & Effect
Architecture is a matter of practical as well as aesthetic concerns. In this lesson, we'll talk about one of the most common ways to provide structural support to stone buildings, and see how it's been used throughout history.
13. Dome of the Rock: Definition, History, Architecture & Facts
One of the most notable buildings on the Jerusalem skyline, the Dome of the Rock sits on a site that is among the most holy on earth for both Jews and Muslims. Meant to rival other sacred spaces, it proved its ability to do so in a truly unique style.
14. Entasis: Definition, Architecture & Architects
What is entasis? This strange sounding word describes an ancient architectural style that emphasized curvature as a key aesthetic. In this lesson we will learn the history of entasis, where it was developed, and key buildings that utilized the style.
15. Filippo Brunelleschi: Artwork, Architecture & Facts
Explore the life and work of Renaissance architect Filippo Brunelleschi and test your understanding of the Italian Renaissance, European history, and art.
16. Flying Buttress: Definition & Architecture
Along with ribbed vault and stained glass, nothing says Gothic architecture quite like the flying buttress. Find out more about them and how some of most famous sculptures in Gothic architectural history owe their existence in no small part to them.
17. Louis Sullivan: Biography, Quotes & Architecture
Who was Louis Sullivan? In this lesson, we'll learn about the ~'father of skyscrapers~', including his educational background and European travels, which fostered a spirit of creation, helped him stand out among his peers and catapulted him to the forefront of the architectural world.
18. What Is Stonehenge? - Theories, Facts & History
Stonehenge is perhaps one of the most famous prehistoric structures in the world. Despite its fame, there is still a great deal of mystery surrounding it, which we will discuss in this lesson, along with looking at its history and factual details.
19. Load Bearing Wall: Definition, Identification & Construction
One of the most important elements of any structure is understanding how it carries its weight. In this lesson, we'll explore the concept of a load-bearing wall and look at some tricks on identifying them.
20. Mortise and Tenon: Definition & Tools
In planning and constructing a structure, the joints can make the difference between success or failure. In this lesson we'll explore mortise and tenon joints and see how they are used to create strong structures.
21. Oscar Niemeyer: Biography, Buildings & Works
Oscar Niemeyer was a Brazilian architect known for his sensuous, curvy, nature-inspired designs. He was an important figure in modernist architecture. During his prolific career, he designed buildings throughout Brazil and abroad.
22. Pergola: Definition, Construction, Types & Examples
Since ancient times, architects have been designing pergolas, outdoor structures, that create sheltered spaces in gardens, courtyards and natural landscapes. This lesson explores the elements and different uses of this architectural form.
23. Punch List: Definition, Form & Construction
In the construction trade, a punch list is part of a process architects and builders use as a construction project is nearing completion. In this lesson, learn what a punch list is and how it is created.
24. Robie House: Location & History
It's a house that helped define the new American architecture of the 20th century. In this lesson, learn about the history and location of Frank Lloyd Wright's Robie House. Then, take a short quiz to test your knowledge.
25. The Louvre Museum: History & Facts
The Louvre is among the most important museums in the world and is an ever-evolving architectural and historical landmark. Learn more about how it went from a royal domain to a symbol of the French spirit.
26. Truss: Definition, Design & Types
In this lesson, we'll learn about a truss, which is a versatile design that allows structures to safely transfer weight to its foundations and anchors.
27. Workmanship: Definition, Standards & Example
Workmanship is a disputed definition that refers to the skill and quality of a product based on a design. Workmanship is measured by the skill of the workperson, the quality of the materials, and the craft involved in their use.
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