About This Chapter
History of Architecture - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Where would we be without architecture? Well, we'd be living under the open sky, for one thing. Honestly, architecture is responsible for every building, but it is so much more than that. The different styles and techniques used all have importance. Older structures can even be dated by looking at its style or deign. In this chapter, we will look at early forms of architecture, such as Roman, Greek and Baroque. You will learn about the different designs used and the important contributions from different cultures or time periods. Some of the things you will learn about include:
- Early Christian architecture
- The incorporation of towers in architecture
- Baroque themes
- Greek columns
- The Roman arch
- Frank Lloyd Wright
|Byzantine Architecture: History, Characteristics & Examples||Study the development of Byzantine architecture and its elements, such as central-plan, domes and pendentives.|
|Romanesque Architecture: Characteristics, Examples & History||Take a look at elements of Romanesque architecture, including the semicircular arch, vaulting and decorative exterior sculpture.|
|Baroque Architecture: Style, Characteristics & Features||Learn about the development of Baroque architecture and its themes.|
|Ancient Greek Architecture: Dorian, Ionic & Corinthian||Find out about Greek architecture, including columns, temples, stadiums and theaters.|
|Roman Engineering and Architecture||Examine the advances made by the Romans in the field of architecture, including advances in materials and techniques used.|
|Influential Architects of the 19th and 20th Centuries||Explore architecture in the 19th and 20th centuries with a look at contemporary architects.|
1. Byzantine Architecture: History, Characteristics & Examples
In this lesson, we look at the development of Byzantine architecture. We examine its relationship to the Byzantine Emperor Justinian. We then compare Byzantine architecture to early Christian architecture and enumerate the distinctly Byzantine elements of their art and architecture: central-plan, domes and pendentives. Finally, we touch briefly on how these architectural masterpieces were decorated.
2. Romanesque Architecture: Characteristics, Examples & History
In this lesson we fly through the various characteristics of Romanesque architecture: the semicircular arch, various sorts of vaulting, heavier construction, and the addition of increasingly intricate exteriors incorporating towers, arcades, and decorative sculpture.
3. Ancient Greek Architecture: Dorian, Ionic & Corinthian
This lecture discusses Greek architecture and its legacy. Enjoy our exploration of Greek columns, temples, stadiums, treasuries and theaters, and see why the Greeks might have reached the pinnacle of architectural achievement.
4. Influential 19th & 20th Century Architects
In this lesson, we will explore the world of late 19th and 20th century architecture. We will learn about major architectural movements in this period and meet some famous architects.
5. Baroque Architecture: Style, Characteristics & Features
This lesson explores the development of Baroque architecture. We begin in Italy by tracing the development of several Baroque themes, culminating in the Vatican itself. We then move to France, where these trends further developed, reaching their apex in Louis XIV's ambitious palace at Versailles.
6. Roman Engineering and Architecture
This lecture covers Roman advances in architecture and engineering. First, Rome's debt to Greece is explored. Next, Roman advances in material science are enumerated: cement, mortar and concrete. After that, we will look at a few distinctly Roman techniques: the arch and the dome.
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