About This Chapter
History of Christianity - Chapter Summary
The video lessons in this chapter are a convenient way to enhance what you know about the history of Christianity. Our expert instructors provide a comprehensive, yet concise review of the early church fathers, early critics of Christ, and the Council of Trent. You'll also find helpful lessons on St. Augustine's city of God and great crusades. After completing the chapter, you should be able to:
- Discuss the life of Christ
- Recount the ties of the early Christian church to Judaism
- Describe the persecution of Christians
- Share information about Constantine's conversion
- Explain the divine right to rule
- Discuss schisms between Western churches and the East
- Outline the birth of the Protestant Reformation
- Recall the teachings of Calvin and Zwingli
Mobile-friendly and engaging lessons assist you with quickly grasping the concepts presented on the history of Christianity. There are many beneficial features, including a brief quiz to test your understanding of each lesson. The quizzes link back to specific topics in the video, which means you can review that topic with a single click. You can also print the quiz as an offline study worksheet.
1. The Gospels: The Life of Christ
This lesson will be a brief exploration of the life of Christ. It will highlight His virgin birth, public ministry, the reasons for His crucifixion, His resurrection and the Christian message that Christ offered salvation to all who believe in His name.
2. The Early Christian Church and Its Ties to Judaism
This lesson will explore the early Christian Church and its close connection to Judaism. It will highlight the similarities of these two faiths in reference to the Holy Scriptures while also exploring their disagreement over the person of Jesus Christ.
3. Paul and the Early Church Fathers
This lesson will identify the earliest Church Fathers as the 12 disciples and the Apostle Paul. In doing this, it will highlight the persecution of the Christian Church as well as the conversion of Saul, known to history as Paul.
4. Early Critics of Christ: Pharisees and Sadducees
This lesson will seek to explain the ancient Jewish sects known to history as the Sadducees and the Pharisees. Along with these sects' beliefs and positions in society, it will also explore their dealings with Jesus Christ.
5. St. Stephen & Christians in the Roman Empire
For much of the early history of Christianity, worship was heavily persecuted. In this lesson, we look at the beginning of that persecution with Saint Stephen, as well as the changing relationship between Rome and the Church.
6. The Conversion of Constantine and the Ascent of Christianity
This lesson will explain the conversion of Constantine and the ascent of Christianity. In doing this, it will highlight the Edict of Milan and the famous Council of Nicaea.
7. St. Augustine's City of God
This lesson explores the life of St. Augustine and one his most famous works, The City of God. As we explore this work, we'll highlight Rome's disdain for the Christian faith and Augustine's argument against Rome's religious position.
8. Charlemagne's Holy Roman Empire and the Divine Right to Rule
This lesson will explore the rule of Charlemagne and his exercise of the divine right of kings. It will highlight his reign as Holy Roman Emperor, focusing on his military conquests and his cultural reforms.
9. The Great Crusades: History and Timeline
This lesson examines the utter failure of the later crusades. We look at some of the factors that led to this failure. We then have a glimpse at each of the major crusades abroad, as well as the political and heretical crusades in Europe.
10. The Great Schism Between the East and Western Churches
This lesson will define and explain the Great Schism, which led to the formation of Western Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy. In doing so, it will highlight the political and cultural factors that led to the the great divide.
11. Thomas Aquinas' Influence on the Catholic Church
St. Thomas Aquinas was perhaps the most important figure of the Catholic Church during the Middle Ages. This lesson examines what he did to help protect the Church against a rebirth of critical thinking by using critical thinking to defend the Church.
12. Martin Luther, the 95 Theses and the Birth of the Protestant Reformation
This lesson covers the start of the Protestant Reformation. It begins by comparing the vast array and peacefulness of Christian denominations in modern days to the limited choices and violence of the past. Then it goes into the story of Martin Luther, from his 95 Theses through the Diet of Worms up to the beginning of the German Peasant Revolt.
13. Religious Reform in Switzerland: Calvin & Zwingli's Teachings in the Reformation
The Protestant Reformation resulted in many people splitting from the Catholic Church. This lesson explores the effect of the Reformation in Switzerland under the leadership of Zwingli and Calvin.
14. The Council of Trent: The Catholic Church Survives the Reformation
The Protestant Reformation was a movement of Christians who disagreed with some of the teachings and actions of the Catholic Church. This article explores the effect of the Reformation on the Church.
15. The Ecumenical Movement of the 20th Century
This lesson will seek to explain the Ecumenical Movement of the 20th century. In doing so it will highlight Protestantism, the Edinburgh Missionary Conference, and the first Council of World Churches.
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Other chapters within the DSST Introduction to World Religions: Study Guide & Test Prep course
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- History of Islam
- History & Traditions of Judaism
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