About This Chapter
History of Education in the United States - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
America's tradition of educating its young people dates back centuries. At different times, factors like class, region, race and international relations all had, and in some cases, continue to have, a strong impact on what's taught to American children and how. In these video lessons, an instructor will take you through a broad overview of education in America, from colonial times to the 21st century. You'll see how the education system has grown and changed, and at the end of the chapter, you should be able to:
- Describe the education system in colonial America
- Identify key points in history and their affects on American education
- Describe the modern education system
- Discuss the ascent of accountability and standardized testing in education
|Education in Colonial America||Identify the primary principles of colonial education, and discuss regional and class differences in the education system.|
|Normal Schools in America: Role in Teacher Preparation||Describe the establishment of normal schools and how they prepared educators.|
|Religious Foundations of Schools in Colonial Times||Explain the influence of religion on colonial education.|
|The 14th Amendment's Impact on Education||Discuss the concept of equal protection and how it applied to education.|
|The Freedmen's Bureau's Impact on Education||Define the Freedmen's Bureau, and describe its contributions to education.|
|Education During the Progressive Era: Reform & Growth of Urban Education||Describe the expansion of education through reform and expanded urban education.|
|The Impact of Jim Crow Laws on Education||Describe the inequities of the education system in the Jim Crow South.|
|The History and Impact of School Desegregation||Identify the main components of desegregation and their effectiveness.|
|The Space Race's Impact on Math and Science Education in the U.S.||Identify key historical events that led to the space race and its affect on the teaching of math and science.|
|Modern U.S. Public Schools: Kindergarten to High School||Identify the main components of the modern public school system, with special attention to the concept of junior high school.|
|Accountability & Standardized Testing in Education in the 21st Century||Provide an overview of these two concepts and their rise to prominence in American education.|
1. Education in Colonial America
Early America was very different from the America we know today. Among other differences, children were educated in ways that would seem foreign to us today. In this lesson, we'll examine education during the colonial period.
2. The Law of 1642, the Old Deluder Satan Act, & U.S. Public Education
Every American citizen has the right to an education, but school wasn't always a part of the fabric of American life. In this lesson, we'll look at two early laws that influenced today's education: the Law of 1642 and the Deluder Satan Act.
3. Normal Schools in America: Role in Teacher Preparation
In the mid-19th century, teacher training became popular in America. But there were different types of teacher education. In this lesson, we'll look at early teacher training via normal schools, and the transition to college education majors.
4. Religious Foundations of Schools in Colonial Times
Though public schools and religion don't mix today, the foundations of education in colonial America were mostly religious. In this lesson, we'll take a look at two religious groups who influenced early education, the Puritans and the Quakers.
5. The 14th Amendment's Impact on Education
Though the Fourteenth Amendment did not specifically address education, it has been used to foster educational change for many years. In this lesson, we'll look at important cases involving education and the Fourteenth Amendment.
6. The Freedmen's Bureau's Impact on Education
After the Civil War, the federal government established a department to help give opportunities to freed slaves. In this lesson, we'll examine the Freedmen's Bureau and its impact on education, including the establishments of HBCUs.
7. Education During the Progressive Era: Reform & Growth of Urban Education
Social and political reform during the Progressive Era of American history led to major advancements in public education. In this lesson, we'll examine three of those advancements: the spread of high schools, urban education, and teacher training.
8. The Impact of Jim Crow Laws on Education
Jim Crow laws held racial minorities back for almost a century. Nowhere was that more obvious than in segregated schools. In this lesson, we'll look at the inequalities of segregated schools and the positive contribution of Rosenwald schools.
9. The History and Impact of School Desegregation
In the first half of the 20th century, schools were racially segregated. As society progressed, the courts began to rule that segregation was not legal. In this lesson, we'll look at some of the court cases that shaped segregation and desegregation in American schools.
10. The Space Race's Impact on Math & Science Education in the U.S.
During the Cold War, America and Russia tried to outdo each other with regards to space exploration. In this lesson, we'll look at the launch of Sputnik and the Space Race's effect on science and math education in American public schools.
11. Modern U.S. Public Schools: Kindergarten to High School
The modern American educational landscape is quite different from what it was a century ago. In this lesson, we'll look at the different levels of public education in America, including the difference in middle schools and junior high schools.
12. Accountability & Standardized Testing in Education in the 21st Century
What's the deal with assessments and No Child Left Behind? In this lesson, we'll examine statewide standardized assessments, teacher accountability, and the No Child Left Behind Act, including what critics say about them.
13. Horace Mann & Education Reform: Contributions & Philosophy
Horace Mann is one of the most well-known reformers of education in the United States. He is often credited with leading the Common School Movement, which helped to lay the framework for a publicly funded education system. In this lesson, we will take a look at some of his major contributions to the field of education as well as some of his philosophical viewpoints.
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Other chapters within the Education 101: Foundations of Education course