About This Chapter
History of Islam - Chapter Summary
The lessons in this chapter enable you to learn about the history of Islam through engaging videos. You can review the spread of Islam and artistic accomplishments of Muslims. You can also gain a richer understanding of Sharia law, the Wahhabi movement and the Muslim Brotherhood. After completing the chapter, you should be prepared to:
- Recount the birth of Islam
- Discuss the Qur'an and the Hadith
- Provide details about the five pillars of Islamic faith
- Describe the progress of the caliphates
- Outline the history of Suleiman and the Ottoman Empire
- Discuss literary accomplishments of Muslims
- Explain the Sunni and the Shiite divide
- Describe Islamic fundamentalism
Our instructors are experts with keen knowledge of the topics covered. You can study all of the lessons on the history of Islam, or just focus on specific areas. You can test your knowledge of the subjects covered with a brief quiz that's provided for each lesson. Optimize your results by printing the quiz in worksheet form to study offline.
1. Mohammed and the Birth of Islam
Out of the deserts of Arabia would come a man who would change the world. He was Mohammed, founder of the religion of Islam, and this lesson serves as a brief summary of his life and the founding of the religion of Islam.
2. The Qur'an and the Hadith: Islamic Revelation
This lesson will focus on the Koran and the Hadith as sacred texts of Islam. In doing so, it will highlight the Muslim monotheistic belief in Allah and the revelation of the Koran to Muhammad.
3. Five Pillars of the Islamic Faith: Overview, the Quran & Sharia Law
The Five Pillars of Islam are the foundation of the world's second largest faith. They are characterized by a simplicity that encourages peaceful cooperation between people, which is one reason for the religion's widespread devotion. This lesson will detail each of the five and show how they relate to the daily lives of practicing Muslims.
4. Islamic Life and Sharia Law: Faith & Culture
Today's lesson will explore Sharia law in reference to fundamentalist Islam. In doing so, it will highlight the concept of Sharia law as the True Path. It will also discuss its origins in the sacred texts of Islam known as the Koran, the Sunnah, and the Hadith.
5. The Spread of Islam and the Progress of the Caliphates
After the death of Mohammed, Islam continued to spread through Arabia, the Middle East and Africa. This lesson is an overview of Islam's progress from the faith of Mecca to a faith for all the world.
6. Suleiman and the Ottoman Empire: History, Culture & Exploits
This lesson will focus on Suleiman the Magnificent, ruler of the Ottoman Empire. It will highlight his conquests of Eastern Europe and his wars with the Habsburg Dynasty. It will also discuss the cultural advancements of his rule.
7. Muslim Learning: Scientific, Artistic, Medical & Literary Accomplishments
The Abbasid caliphate (750-1258 CE) oversaw the Golden Age of Islam. Learn about the accomplishments of Muslim scholars in art, literature, science, medicine and mathematics during this time.
8. Islam Divides: The Sunni and the Shiite
This lesson will seek to explain the divide between the Sunnis and Shiites of Islamic culture. In doing so, it will highlight the Prophet Muhammad, Ali, Abu Bakr, and the position of Islamic Caliph.
9. Off-Shoots of Islam: The Sufi and Bahai
This lesson will seek to explain the Islamic offshoots of Sufism and the Bahai Movement. In doing so, it will highlight both the similarities and differences in reference to Orthodox Islam and its teachings on the Prophet Muhammad and the Koran.
10. Islamic Fundamentalism and World Politics: Wahhabi Movement, Muslim Brotherhood & Jihad
This lesson will seek to explain the impact of Wahhabism and the Muslim Brotherhood on Islam and the world's politics. In doing so, it will highlight the Koran and Sharia law and their influence in places like Egypt and Saudi Arabia.
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Other chapters within the DSST Introduction to World Religions: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- Origins of Religion in the World
- Indigenous Religions
- History of Hinduism
- History of Buddhism
- History of Confucianism
- History of Taoism
- History of Shintoism
- History & Traditions of Judaism
- History of Christianity
- Christian Traditions & Practices
- Religious Movements & Syncretism
- DSST Informational Resources
- DSST Introduction to World Religions Flashcards