About This Chapter
History of Organizational Theory & Master Theorists - Chapter Summary
This informative chapter clearly outlines the history and master theorists associated with organizational theory. As part of your review, these lessons outline classical management theory and its definition, as well as many of the theorists who have contributed to this study. You're welcome to access these lessons 24 hours a day on your mobile device or computer. Work through the whole chapter or just review the video lessons that you know you need to focus on. Our instructors are available to help if you need any assistance along the way. This chapter is designed to help you:
- Outline Frederick Taylor's management theories
- Describe Henri Fayol's approach to managing departmental task organization
- Detail Fayol's theories on worker satisfaction and staff management
- Define the classical administrative school of management
- Explain the neoclassical theory of management
- Identify Elton Mayo's contributions to management theory
- Provide an overview of Frederick Herzberg's theory of motivation
- Describe the motivation and management theories of Douglas McGregor
- Define the role of organizational behavior theory in business
1. Classical Management Theory (1900-1930): Definition
It was the rise of the Industrial Revolution and factories were becoming more common. Inside these factories, managers were constantly looking for ways to improve productivity and efficiency. As time moved on, it became apparent that searching for the single best way to do things was the most important thing for managers to do. Thus, classical management theory was born. This lesson will discuss the evolution of classical management theory.
2. Frederick Taylor: Theories, Principles & Contributions to Management
Frederick Taylor was an inventor, an engineer, and the father of scientific management theory. You will learn about Frederick Taylor, scientific management, and its effects on industrial management in this lesson.
3. Henri Fayol's Management Principles: Managing Departmental Task Organization
Prior to Henri Fayol's development of an administrative theory of management, managers took a scientific approach to work, attempting to maximize productivity by treating their workers like machines. Fayol's 14 Principles of Management focus on the entire organization rather than just the work. This lesson covers the first seven of these principles.
4. Fayol's Theories on Staff Management and Worker Satisfaction
In this lesson, we'll discuss how Henri Fayol's final seven principles play out in the workplace. Using a professional restaurant kitchen as an example, you'll learn about the importance of worker satisfaction and other elements of effective management.
5. Classical Administrative School of Management: Managing the Organization
Even if a business knows what each of their individual workers ought to be doing, there may not be any overarching mission guiding their work. This lesson describes how the need to consider an entire organization by emphasizing management principles led to the development of the classical administrative school of management.
6. Neoclassical Theory of Management: The Human Relations Approach
In the early 1920s, a shift away from classical management theory took place as theorists began to consider the human side of an organization and the social needs of employees. In this lesson, you will learn about the evolution of the neoclassical theory of management and its two sources: the human relations movement and the behavioral management movement.
7. Elton Mayo's Theory of Motivations & Contributions to Management Theory
Elton Mayo was a philosopher, author, Harvard professor, and designer of the 'Hawthorne Experiments,' which significantly changed management science thinking. Read on to learn what he discovered and how it still impacts management practices today.
8. Frederick Herzberg's Theory of Motivation: Overview
Frederick Herzberg's theory of motivation identifies two sets of factors that cause an employee to experience job satisfaction or dissatisfaction. Learn more about Herzberg's two-factor theory of motivation and take a quiz to test your knowledge.
9. Douglas McGregor's Motivation & Management Theories
Douglas McGregor proposed two theories about employee motivation based on two very different sets of assumptions that managers hold towards workers. Learn more about the assumptions and validity of McGregor's employee motivation theories, and take a quiz to test your knowledge.
10. Organizational Behavior Theory in Business
This lesson contains a brief history of organizational behavior theory in business, including core contributing theorists. Further, the lesson discusses the pros and cons of the theory and provides a case study. Find out why people act the way they do in organizations.
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Other chapters within the Business 323: Organizational Theory course
- Introduction to Organizational Theory
- Types of Organizational Structures
- Power in Organizations
- Managing Conflict in Organizations
- Understanding Leadership in Organizations
- Organizational Decision Making
- Types of Organizational Communication
- Managing Organizational Environments
- Organizational Performance & Recognizing the Need for Change
- Required Assignment for Business 323
- Studying for Business 323