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Ch 2: History of Our World Chapter 2: The Fertile Crescent

About This Chapter

The Fertile Crescent chapter of this Prentice Hall History of Our World Companion Course helps students learn the essential lessons associated with the Fertile Crescent. Each of these simple and fun video lessons is about five minutes long and is sequenced to align with the Fertile Crescent textbook chapter.

How It Works:

  • Identify the lessons in the Prentice Hall Fertile Crescent chapter with which you need help.
  • Find the corresponding video lessons with this this companion course chapter.
  • Watch fun videos that cover the Fertile Crescent topics you need to learn or review.
  • Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
  • If you need additional help, rewatch the videos until you've mastered the material or submit a question for one of our instructors.

Students will learn:

  • The location of the Fertile Crescent
  • Sumerian architecture and art
  • The religion of Sumer
  • The Sumerians' heirs
  • Assyrian architecture and art
  • Hammurabi's Code
  • Mesopotamian kings
  • The origins of writing
  • The alphabet's history
  • The history and elements of the Jewish belief system
  • Beliefs of the Hebrews
  • The main monotheistic religions

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12 Lessons in Chapter 2: History of Our World Chapter 2: The Fertile Crescent
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Fertile Crescent: Cradle of Civilization

1. The Fertile Crescent: Cradle of Civilization

Complex civilization wasn't always the norm. In this lesson, we are going to check out the origins of civilization as we know it, and see where, when, and how this new system of living first began.

Sumerian Art and Architecture

2. Sumerian Art and Architecture

This lesson explores the artwork of one of the earliest civilizations: the Sumerians. Sumerians created beautiful works of art that inspired other cultures for centuries after their decline.

Religions of Sumer and Akkad: Definition & History

3. Religions of Sumer and Akkad: Definition & History

This lesson will explore the religion of ancient Sumer and its Akkadian empire. In doing this, it will highlight the Sumerian pantheon, their ziggurats, and their belief in the afterlife.

Heirs of the Sumerians: Babylonians, Hittites, Hurrians and Assyrians

4. Heirs of the Sumerians: Babylonians, Hittites, Hurrians and Assyrians

This lecture covers the history of Mesopotamia from the disintegration of the Sumerian Empire to the great Bronze Age collapse. We'll explore the destructive force of the Elamites and the Hittites as well as the imperial ambitions of the Babylonians, the Mittani and the Assyrians.

Assyrian Art and Architecture

5. Assyrian Art and Architecture

This lesson explores the unique characteristics of a fierce and violent culture: the Assyrians. The Assyrians were a warrior culture living in ancient Mesopotamia who used art and architecture to display their power.

Hammurabi's Code: The Advent of Law, Prerequisites and Implications

6. Hammurabi's Code: The Advent of Law, Prerequisites and Implications

This lecture discusses the need for law and the benefits of a judicial system. Next, it reviews the history of early law codes, like those of Ur-Nammu and Hammurabi. Finally, we look at the implications of law for kings.

Mesopotamian Kings: History, Politics & Religion

7. Mesopotamian Kings: History, Politics & Religion

Ancient Mesopotamia was a land of chaotic weather and inner turmoil. Religion became a political weapon for fighting among the city-states. This lesson explores the link between religion and politics in the ancient land.

The Invention of Writing

8. The Invention of Writing

Writing, the original IT: This lecture covers the limitations and obstacles of aural transmission. It describes the invention of Cuneiform in the fertile crescent. Finally, it explains how writing enabled literate societies to dominate their pre-literate neighbors.

History of the Alphabet: From Cuneiform to Greek Writing

9. History of the Alphabet: From Cuneiform to Greek Writing

This lecture follows the development of writing, from the pictographs of proto-cuneiform to the symbolic phonemes of cuneiform and hieroglyphics. Then from the abjads of the Phoenecians, Minoans, Hebrews and Arabs to the complete alphabets of the Greeks. It explores the limitations and strengths of each development and draws modern parallels.

The Jewish Belief System: Description, Elements & History

10. The Jewish Belief System: Description, Elements & History

This lesson will explore the ancient religion of Judaism, the faith of the Jewish people. In doing so, it will highlight the concept of monotheism, Yahweh's covenant with Abraham and the Jewish texts of law.

The Hebrews and Their Beliefs

11. The Hebrews and Their Beliefs

This lesson covers the Hebrews and their beliefs. We look at the core tenets of Judaism and explore some of the stories from the Torah. Finally, we see how the Hebrews' history of oppression impacted their religion and the world today.

Monotheism: Islam, Judaism & Christianity

12. Monotheism: Islam, Judaism & Christianity

In this lesson, we define monotheism and identify three significant monotheistic religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. We also discuss the ideology of each of these three religions.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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