About This Chapter
Who's it for?
This unit of our History of Psychology Homeschool course will benefit any student who is trying to learn about the founding principles of this science. There is no faster or easier way to learn about the history of psychology. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who require an efficient, self-paced course of study to learn what psychology is, early ideas in the field, later approaches and various perspectives regarding behavior.
- Homeschool parents looking to spend less time preparing lessons and more time teaching.
- Homeschool parents who need a psychology curriculum that appeals to multiple learning types (visual or auditory).
- Gifted students and students with learning differences.
How it works:
- Students watch a short, fun video lesson that covers a specific unit topic.
- Students and parents can refer to the video transcripts to reinforce learning.
- Short quizzes and a history of psychology unit exam confirm understanding or identify any topics that require review.
History of Psychology Unit Objectives
- Gain an understanding of what psychology is and how it operates as a science.
- Examine the idea of dualism, and learn about early leaders in psychological thought, including Rene Decartes, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke.
- Learn about functionalism and structuralism.
- Explore the processes of natural selection and adaptation.
- Find out about behaviorism, psychoanalysis and Gestalt.
- Learn how psychology developed in the latter half of the 20th century.
- See what is meant by behavioral, biological, humanistic, sociocultural and psychodynamic perspectives.
- Get information on subfields of psychology, such as counseling, clinical, school and social psychology.
1. Why Study Psychology? - Overview & Experiments
What at first seems obvious may not be the case. Psychology looks past intuitions and feelings to search for the true roots to our behaviors. Watch this lesson to learn about two experiments that demonstrate how testing the 'obvious' can yield surprising results.
2. What Is Psychology?
Psychology is the scientific study of how we think, feel and behave. In this lesson, you'll get an overview of the five main approaches that have guided modern psychological research.
3. The Science of Psychology: Experiments & the Scientific Method
How do psychologists use the scientific method to research behaviors? From formulating hypotheses to reducing biases, psychology carefully analyzes behaviors and their potential causes.
4. Dualism and Early Psychological Thought
Sometimes it can feel like your mind and body are completely separate from each other. Watch this lesson to find out about what the philosopher Descartes termed dualism, including its relationship to psychology and the types of dualism.
5. Two Early Approaches: Functionalism and Structuralism
What were the first two approaches to psychology, and how were they related? What do introspection and evolutionary principles have to do with it? In this lesson, you'll explore structuralism and functionalism.
6. Natural Selection & Adaptation: Definition, Theory & Examples
How does natural selection help shape the amazing types of animals we witness around us? In this lesson, we'll explore adaptations and what they can tell us about a species' past evolution.
7. Three Later Approaches: Gestalt, Psychoanalysis and Behaviorism
How was psychology studied in the early twentieth century? In this lesson, you'll look at three common approaches of the early twentieth century and get a sense of the diverse routes psychologists can take as they study how the mind works.
8. Psychological Specializations: Cognitive, Humanistic, Social, Developmental & Clinical
Psychologists today study behavior through five main specializations: cognitive, humanistic, social, developmental and clinical. In this lesson, you'll focus on the central ideas behind each approach.
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Other chapters within the High School Psychology: Homeschool Curriculum course
- Research Methods in Psychology: Homeschool Curriculum
- Data Collection: Homeschool Curriculum
- Sampling and Measurement: Homeschool Curriculum
- Statistics in Psychology: Homeschool Curriculum
- Biological Bases of Behavior: Homeschool Curriculum
- Sensing & Perceiving: Homeschool Curriculum
- Motivation in Psychology: Homeschool Curriculum
- Emotion in Psychology: Homeschool Curriculum
- Stress in Psychology: Homeschool Curriculum
- Developmental Psychology: Homeschool Curriculum
- Learning & Development Theories: Homeschool Curriculum
- Biological Development: Homeschool Curriculum
- Sensory & Perceptual Development: Homeschool Curriculum
- Cognitive Development: Homeschool Curriculum
- Physical Development: Homeschool Curriculum
- Social Development: Homeschool Curriculum
- Personality Theory: Homeschool Curriculum
- Learning in Psychology: Homeschool Curriculum
- Memory & Cognition in Psychology: Homeschool Curriculum
- Intelligence in Psychology: Homeschool Curriculum
- States of Consciousness: Homeschool Curriculum
- Social Psychology Theory: Homeschool Curriculum
- Abnormal Psychology Basics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Psychological Disorders: Homeschool Curriculum
- Psychological Treatment: Homeschool Curriculum
- Ethics in Psychology: Homeschool Curriculum