Ch 1: History of Psychology

About This Chapter

Let us help you boost your knowledge of the history of psychology with this chapter's lessons covering topics such as various approaches and the ethics of psychology. These lessons and quizzes can be used as a comprehensive study guide as you prepare for an exam or homework assignment.

History of Psychology - Chapter Summary

Our instructors define psychology and provide an introduction of the science. Specifics about the two methods used in early approaches to psychology will be presented. Three later approaches, including behaviorism and psychoanalysis, are also included.

Your study continues with an explanation of how psychology has changed and the ethics associated with psychological experiments. This chapter will show you how to:

  • Define the study of psychology
  • Understand how psychology is a science
  • Differentiate between the early psychological approaches of functionalism and structuralism
  • Explain who Gestalt was
  • Identify how psychology has changed since 1950

Our professionally-created lessons and quizzes are accessible to you 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Use the quizzes and tests to gauge how well you understand the material and where you may need to focus further study. Each lesson is accompanied by a printable transcript you can use to study the topic offline at any time. If you need further assistance as you work through the chapter, contact one of our instructors for more help.

7 Lessons in Chapter 1: History of Psychology
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Why Study Psychology? - Overview & Experiments

1. Why Study Psychology? - Overview & Experiments

What at first seems obvious may not be the case. Psychology looks past intuitions and feelings to search for the true roots to our behaviors. Watch this lesson to learn about two experiments that demonstrate how testing the 'obvious' can yield surprising results.

What Is Psychology?

2. What Is Psychology?

Psychology is the scientific study of how we think, feel and behave. In this lesson, you'll get an overview of the five main approaches that have guided modern psychological research.

The Science of Psychology: Experiments & the Scientific Method

3. The Science of Psychology: Experiments & the Scientific Method

How do psychologists use the scientific method to research behaviors? From formulating hypotheses to reducing biases, psychology carefully analyzes behaviors and their potential causes.

Two Early Approaches: Functionalism and Structuralism

4. Two Early Approaches: Functionalism and Structuralism

What were the first two approaches to psychology, and how were they related? What do introspection and evolutionary principles have to do with it? In this lesson, you'll explore structuralism and functionalism.

Three Later Approaches: Gestalt, Psychoanalysis and Behaviorism

5. Three Later Approaches: Gestalt, Psychoanalysis and Behaviorism

How was psychology studied in the early twentieth century? In this lesson, you'll look at three common approaches of the early twentieth century and get a sense of the diverse routes psychologists can take as they study how the mind works.

Psychological Specializations: Cognitive, Humanistic, Social, Developmental & Clinical

6. Psychological Specializations: Cognitive, Humanistic, Social, Developmental & Clinical

Psychologists today study behavior through five main specializations: cognitive, humanistic, social, developmental and clinical. In this lesson, you'll focus on the central ideas behind each approach.

Ethics in Psychological Experiments: Importance & Examples

7. Ethics in Psychological Experiments: Importance & Examples

What are the ethical principles of psychological research? In this lesson, you'll take a look at the careful considerations a psychologist must make with respect to her participants when she designs a test.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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