About This Chapter
History of Psychology - Chapter Summary
Our instructors define psychology and provide an introduction of the science. Specifics about the two methods used in early approaches to psychology will be presented. Three later approaches, including behaviorism and psychoanalysis, are also included.
Your study continues with an explanation of how psychology has changed and the ethics associated with psychological experiments. This chapter will show you how to:
- Define the study of psychology
- Understand how psychology is a science
- Differentiate between the early psychological approaches of functionalism and structuralism
- Explain who Gestalt was
- Identify how psychology has changed since 1950
Our professionally-created lessons and quizzes are accessible to you 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Use the quizzes and tests to gauge how well you understand the material and where you may need to focus further study. Each lesson is accompanied by a printable transcript you can use to study the topic offline at any time. If you need further assistance as you work through the chapter, contact one of our instructors for more help.
1. Why Study Psychology? - Overview & Experiments
What at first seems obvious may not be the case. Psychology looks past intuitions and feelings to search for the true roots to our behaviors. Watch this lesson to learn about two experiments that demonstrate how testing the 'obvious' can yield surprising results.
2. What Is Psychology?
Psychology is the scientific study of how we think, feel and behave. In this lesson, you'll get an overview of the five main approaches that have guided modern psychological research.
3. The Science of Psychology: Experiments & the Scientific Method
How do psychologists use the scientific method to research behaviors? From formulating hypotheses to reducing biases, psychology carefully analyzes behaviors and their potential causes.
4. Two Early Approaches: Functionalism and Structuralism
What were the first two approaches to psychology, and how were they related? What do introspection and evolutionary principles have to do with it? In this lesson, you'll explore structuralism and functionalism.
5. Three Later Approaches: Gestalt, Psychoanalysis and Behaviorism
How was psychology studied in the early twentieth century? In this lesson, you'll look at three common approaches of the early twentieth century and get a sense of the diverse routes psychologists can take as they study how the mind works.
6. Psychological Specializations: Cognitive, Humanistic, Social, Developmental & Clinical
Psychologists today study behavior through five main specializations: cognitive, humanistic, social, developmental and clinical. In this lesson, you'll focus on the central ideas behind each approach.
7. Ethics in Psychological Experiments: Importance & Examples
What are the ethical principles of psychological research? In this lesson, you'll take a look at the careful considerations a psychologist must make with respect to her participants when she designs a test.
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Other chapters within the OSAT Psychology/Sociology (CEOE) (032): Practice & Study Guide course
- Psychology Research Methods
- Ethical Considerations in Psychology Research
- Setting Up Research Studies in Psychology
- Biology & Behavior in Psychology
- Senses & Perception
- Dealing with Stress
- Sleep & Other States of Consciousness
- Cognition in Psychology
- Learning & Psychology
- Stages of Development in Psychology
- Motivation & Emotion in Psychology
- Psychological Testing and Assessment
- Personality Components & Assessment
- Psychological Health & Disorders
- Methods of Psychological Treatment
- Social Psychology Concepts
- Introduction to Sociology
- Influential Sociological Theorists
- Research Methods in Sociology
- Culture, Socialization & Social Interaction
- Personality Psychology and the Self
- Values, Beliefs and Attitudes
- Social Groups & Interactions
- Studying Social Institutions
- Stratification and Aging in Society
- Prejudice and Discrimination in Society
- Deviance and Social Control
- Overpopulation and Population Trends
- Social Movements
- Urbanization, Industrialization, Modernization and Globalization
- OSAT Psychology/Sociology (CEOE) (032) Flashcards