Ch 3: History of the Ancient East

About This Chapter

Whether you're partaking in extra learning about ancient history or studying for a history or a social studies exam, our chapter on the history of the Ancient East is an excellent resource. Our learning tools include video lessons and short quizzes.

History of the Ancient East - Chapter Summary

This chapter is a comprehensive overview of the history of the Ancient East and the various civilizations that inhabited these lands. The lessons in this chapter discuss ancient civilizations that developed throughout the Stone Age, Bronze Age, and Iron Age. For example, you'll review Mesopotamian civilizations such as the Sumerians, Assyrians, Persians, Egyptians, and more. Find out how social organization, politics, and religion evolved and progressed during these times.

By the end of this chapter, you should be confident of your ability to:

  • Describe the origins of complex, sedentary civilizations in the Fertile Crescent
  • Discuss how gift economies transitioned into commodity economies
  • Ponder the development of ancient religions by examining important goddesses and gods in ancient mythology
  • Describe monotheistic and polytheistic religions in Mesopotamia
  • Analyze ancient artwork and what it represented about culture, religion, and politics
  • Expound on the ancient Bronze Age Mesopotamian civilizations: Sumerians, Babylonians, Hittites, Assyrians
  • Discuss the Neo-Babylonians and Neo-Assyrians of the Iron Age
  • Understand Hebrew culture and Judaism

Our brains can learn and store information more efficiently when we can receive information through multiple channels, like written explanations, diagrams, videos, and assessments. This chapter brings you multisensory learning through our compelling video lessons, which can help transport you back in time and make abstract history concepts more concrete. Our videos are reinforced with maps, photos, and artifacts that help you immerse in your study of Ancient East history. You can use the text transcripts to take notes, and check what you've learned through the lesson self assessments.

10 Lessons in Chapter 3: History of the Ancient East
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The History of Money and Rise of Complex Economies

1. The History of Money and Rise of Complex Economies

This lecture covers the development of money in response to the needs of complex economies. It begins with a discussion of gift economies. It then examines the factors that led to the growth of commodity economies. Find out how we came to use money, rather than goods, for commerce.

How Religion Developed in the Stone Age and Bronze Age

2. How Religion Developed in the Stone Age and Bronze Age

Have you ever wondered exactly how religion developed in the ancient world? Check out this lesson to see how the impact of cities, writing and invasion upon religion, the ascent of the sky father and the descent of the mother goddess contributed to the development of religion.

The Fertile Crescent: Cradle of Civilization

3. The Fertile Crescent: Cradle of Civilization

Complex civilization wasn't always the norm. In this lesson, we are going to check out the origins of civilization as we know it, and see where, when, and how this new system of living first began.

Ancient Near East Art As a Reflection of History, Politics & Culture

4. Ancient Near East Art As a Reflection of History, Politics & Culture

In this lesson, we will explore how the art of the Ancient Near East reflects the history, politics, and culture of that region. We will look at several examples of art that make a special contribution to this process.

Heirs of the Sumerians: Babylonians, Hittites, Hurrians and Assyrians

5. Heirs of the Sumerians: Babylonians, Hittites, Hurrians and Assyrians

This lecture covers the history of Mesopotamia from the disintegration of the Sumerian Empire to the great Bronze Age collapse. We'll explore the destructive force of the Elamites and the Hittites as well as the imperial ambitions of the Babylonians, the Mittani and the Assyrians.

What's the Difference Between Polytheism and Monotheism?

6. What's the Difference Between Polytheism and Monotheism?

There have been many religions throughout human history, and each one has had a unique set of beliefs. In this lesson, we're going to look at the two main categories into which most of the world's religions fit and then compare them to each other.

The Hebrews and Their Beliefs

7. The Hebrews and Their Beliefs

This lesson covers the Hebrews and their beliefs. We look at the core tenets of Judaism and explore some of the stories from the Torah. Finally, we see how the Hebrews' history of oppression impacted their religion and the world today.

Ancient Egypt in the Bronze Age

8. Ancient Egypt in the Bronze Age

This lecture first compares the natural features of the Nile valley to those of Mesopotamia, enumerating the advantages that geography offered the Egyptians. This is followed by a brief discussion of why Egyptian material culture survives while so much of Mesopotamian culture has been lost. The lecture ends with a a whirlwind tour through 3,000 years of Egyptian history broken up into traditional historical periods.

Iron Age Empires: Neo-Babylonian, Neo-Assyrian and Persian Empires

9. Iron Age Empires: Neo-Babylonian, Neo-Assyrian and Persian Empires

This lesson is a survey of the three empires that emerged after the Bronze Age collapse. Parts of the survey are viewed from the perspective of the Israelites, who found themselves the playthings of powerful empires. The lecture focuses on a few specific rulers and their impact on their empires. It also traces patterns of imperial tactics throughout this period and region.

Mesopotamian Kings: History, Politics & Religion

10. Mesopotamian Kings: History, Politics & Religion

Ancient Mesopotamia was a land of chaotic weather and inner turmoil. Religion became a political weapon for fighting among the city-states. This lesson explores the link between religion and politics in the ancient land.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Support