Ch 2: History of the Ancient Middle East & India

About This Chapter

The History of the Ancient Middle East & India chapter of this Major Events in World History Study Guide course is the most efficient way to study these regions' ancient empires. This chapter uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long, plus includes lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to ensure you understand the essential concepts associated with the ancient Middle East and India.

Who's It For?

Anyone who needs help learning or mastering ancient history material will benefit from the lessons in this chapter. There is no faster or easier way to learn about the history of the ancient Middle East and India. Among those who would benefit are:

  • Students who want to learn a broad topic in a short amount of time
  • Students who are looking for easy ways to identify the most important information on the topic
  • Students who have fallen behind in memorizing events and people associated with the ancient Middle East and India
  • Students who prefer multiple ways of learning world history (visual or auditory)
  • Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
  • Students who have limited time to study for an upcoming exam

How It Works:

  • Watch each video in the chapter to review all key topics.
  • Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
  • Test your understanding of each lesson with a short quiz.
  • Complete your review with the History of the Ancient Middle East & India chapter exam.

Why It Works:

  • Study Efficiently: The lessons in this chapter cover only information you need to know.
  • Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
  • Be Ready on Test Day: Take the History of the Ancient Middle East & India chapter exam to make sure you're prepared.
  • Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any world history question. They're here to help!
  • Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.

Students Will Review:

This chapter summarizes the material students need to know about the ancient Middle East and India for a standard world history course. Topics covered include:

  • The Babylonians and Hurrians
  • Ancient Assyrian and Hittite civilizations
  • Origins of Indo-European languages
  • Cyrus the Great and the Persian Empire
  • Rulers of the Mauryan Empire
  • The birth of Islam
  • Medieval trade networks
  • Indian dynasties and religions
  • Suleiman the Magnificent and the Ottoman Empire

23 Lessons in Chapter 2: History of the Ancient Middle East & India
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Heirs of the Sumerians: Babylonians, Hittites, Hurrians and Assyrians

1. Heirs of the Sumerians: Babylonians, Hittites, Hurrians and Assyrians

This lecture covers the history of Mesopotamia from the disintegration of the Sumerian Empire to the great Bronze Age collapse. We'll explore the destructive force of the Elamites and the Hittites as well as the imperial ambitions of the Babylonians, the Mittani and the Assyrians.

The Hittites: Civilization, History & Definition

2. The Hittites: Civilization, History & Definition

This lesson will explore the history of the Indo-European group known as the Hittites. The Hittites began as a group of tribes sharing a common language and land. They unified as a single empire to become a major competitor in the quest for land and resources.

Proto-Indo-European Language: Roots & Explanation

3. Proto-Indo-European Language: Roots & Explanation

In this lesson, we will explore the Indo-European family of languages. Scholars have long wondered whether most languages in Europe, the Middle East and India actually descended from a common ancestral language, an Indo-European proto-language.

Ancient Assyrians: History, Civilization & Culture

4. Ancient Assyrians: History, Civilization & Culture

Ancient Assyria was one of the first great international empires. Located in Mesopotamia, it dominated the entire Middle East for several hundred years. Learn about the civilization, culture and imperial expansion of the Ancient Assyrians in this lesson.

History of the Persian Empire

5. History of the Persian Empire

The Persian Empire has all the great aspects of an amazing story - an unlikely rise to power against an evil king, a ruler who is beloved by his people, and a military that was centuries ahead of its time.

The Mauryan Empire in India: Rulers & Edicts

6. The Mauryan Empire in India: Rulers & Edicts

In this lesson, we will study India's Mauryan Empire. We will learn about its rulers, explore its government and economy, delve into its religious life, and examine its decline and disappearance.

Mohammed and the Birth of Islam

7. Mohammed and the Birth of Islam

Out of the deserts of Arabia would come a man who would change the world. He was Mohammed, founder of the religion of Islam, and this lesson serves as a brief summary of his life and the founding of the religion of Islam.

Trade Networks in the Middle Ages: Empires & Routes

8. Trade Networks in the Middle Ages: Empires & Routes

In this lesson, we explore several of the more important trade networks during the Middle Ages, from the Silk Road across Central Asia to the gold trade across the Sahara.

Mongolians and Their Contributions to Western Civilization

9. Mongolians and Their Contributions to Western Civilization

This lesson covers the contributions of the Mongols to Western civilization. We begin by examining the tale of Marco Polo. Next, we look at some common misconceptions about the Mongols. Finally, we enumerate the many technologies brought to Europe by this group.

Suleiman and the Ottoman Empire: History, Culture & Exploits

10. Suleiman and the Ottoman Empire: History, Culture & Exploits

This lesson will focus on Suleiman the Magnificent, ruler of the Ottoman Empire. It will highlight his conquests of Eastern Europe and his wars with the Habsburg Dynasty. It will also discuss the cultural advancements of his rule.

India (1000-1300 CE): Dynasties & Religions

11. India (1000-1300 CE): Dynasties & Religions

In this lesson, we explore the rise and decline of two of the more powerful dynasties that were present in the Indian subcontinent during the Middle Ages.

Ancient Egyptian Class System

12. Ancient Egyptian Class System

The Ancient Egyptians are one of the most revered ancient cultures around. However, their social order was just as steep as their pyramids. In this lesson, we'll take a look at the Ancient Egyptian class system.

Old Kingdom Egypt: Developments & Achievements

13. Old Kingdom Egypt: Developments & Achievements

This lesson goes over the developments in engineering, architecture, and art achieved during the Old Kingdom of Egypt. They are still under scrutiny in modern times and seem to defy explanation due to their amazing design, complexity, and ingenuity.

Ancient Mesopotamia Class System

14. Ancient Mesopotamia Class System

Just like the ziggurats that dotted its landscape, the social class system of ancient Mesopotamia was highly stratified. This lesson shows the major classes within that society.

Ancient Sumerian Social Class System

15. Ancient Sumerian Social Class System

The Sumerians developed the oldest cities in the world, but what was life like in ancient Sumer? In this lesson, we'll talk about class structure and see how Sumerian civilization was organized.

Mohenjo-Daro: Facts, Civilization & Religion

16. Mohenjo-Daro: Facts, Civilization & Religion

While few people have ever heard of it, Mohenjo-Daro is one of the most important archaeological sites in the world. This lesson examines the significance of one of the world's oldest cities.

The Mughal Empire: Economy, Technology & Trade

17. The Mughal Empire: Economy, Technology & Trade

From the 15th through the 18th centuries, the Mughal Empire sustained a powerful agricultural and trade-based economy with impressive military technology. Learn about these aspects of the Mughal Empire in this lesson.

Gobekli Tepe: Location, Facts & Reconstruction

18. Gobekli Tepe: Location, Facts & Reconstruction

In this lesson, we explore the fascinating archaeological site, Gobekli Tepe. Discovered only recently, Gobekli Tepe is a religious temple complex that may challenge several theories of modern archaeology.

Why is the Ganges River Important?

19. Why is the Ganges River Important?

Ever wonder why the Ganges River is so important to the people of India? This lesson discusses the geography of the river, its religious significance, how it sustains life for the people of India, and a rare, endangered species living in its water.

Ganges River: Location, Facts & Animals

20. Ganges River: Location, Facts & Animals

The Ganges is one of the most important rivers in the world. In this lesson, we are going to explore this vast river system and see what makes it so unique and important.

Ancient Thrace: Definition, History & Mythology

21. Ancient Thrace: Definition, History & Mythology

Ancient Thrace, a region to the east of Greece, is between present-day Bulgaria and Turkey. In this lesson, we will learn about some of the history and mythology of this ancient region.

Baalbek: History, Mystery & Facts

22. Baalbek: History, Mystery & Facts

In this lesson, we explore Baalbek, an ancient city in modern-day Lebanon. The ruins at Baalbek contain large, manmade stones whose origins remain a historical mystery.

Dravidian Languages: Origins & Family

23. Dravidian Languages: Origins & Family

Dravidian languages are spoken throughout southern India, and in some areas of other Asian countries like Pakistan and Nepal. In this lesson, learn about the different Dravidian languages and the history of how they developed in India.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Support