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Ch 5: History of the Dark Ages

About This Chapter

Learn about the history and the living conditions of the Dark Ages. As you complete each of the lessons, take the self-assessment quiz to see what you have learned.

History of the Dark Ages - Chapter Summary

After the fall of the Roman Empire, Europe found itself in a world struggling to exist, let alone flourish. Cultural growth and development came to a near standstill. Famine and disease plagued the land, and life was hard. Feudalism stifled social mobility, and the Crusades waged on for nearly 200 years as the Europeans 'spread' their religious ideals with swords and shields.

In this chapter, you'll explore the governmental and religious issues of the Dark Ages, including:

  • The Germanic tribes invade the Roman Empire
  • The church and the Byzantines help sustain Roman culture
  • Trade and commerce
  • Understanding the birth and spread of the Islamic faith
  • Comparing Judaism, Christianity, and Islam
  • The history of the Franks

Our experienced instructors present the history of the Dark Ages using brief, engaging video lessons. These videos make it easier for you to cover the material and will help you remember it longer. You can complete the chapter at your own pace and in any order you like. Refer to the written transcripts for key terms or review, and if you want to revisit a topic, you can jump right to it using the Timeline found with each video. A multiple-choice quiz completes each lesson, allowing you to recall key concepts and confirm your understanding of the material.

9 Lessons in Chapter 5: History of the Dark Ages
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Germanic Tribes: Invasion in Rome

1. Germanic Tribes: Invasion in Rome

As the Roman Empire became bigger and bigger, tribes from Germany began to invade various areas. Eventually the continuous attacks led to the break-up of the Empire. This lesson explores a few of the more dominant tribes.

Heirs of Rome: The Church and the Byzantines

2. Heirs of Rome: The Church and the Byzantines

The Roman Empire covered a vast area, and when it fell, its people were in danger of losing their civilization. This lesson explores some of the things that remained as the Empire fell, as well as how they affected Roman citizens.

Early Church Conflicts: Arianism and Iconoclasm

3. Early Church Conflicts: Arianism and Iconoclasm

This lesson explores two conflicts that occurred in the early church: Arian Christianity, which taught a taboo belief regarding the Holy Trinity, and iconoclasm, which was the destruction of religious images.

Roman Economy in the Dark Ages

4. Roman Economy in the Dark Ages

This lesson explores the Roman Empire's economy from its beginnings as a farming culture to its expansion into trade and finally its deterioration after invasion from surrounding tribes.

Mohammed and the Birth of Islam

5. Mohammed and the Birth of Islam

Out of the deserts of Arabia would come a man who would change the world. He was Mohammed, founder of the religion of Islam, and this lesson serves as a brief summary of his life and the founding of the religion of Islam.

Five Pillars of the Islamic Faith: Overview, the Quran & Sharia Law

6. Five Pillars of the Islamic Faith: Overview, the Quran & Sharia Law

The Five Pillars of Islam are the foundation of the world's second largest faith. They are characterized by a simplicity that encourages peaceful cooperation between people, which is one reason for the religion's widespread devotion. This lesson will detail each of the five and show how they relate to the daily lives of practicing Muslims.

People of the Book: Comparing Judaism, Christianity and Islam

7. People of the Book: Comparing Judaism, Christianity and Islam

The religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are often seen as competing doctrines and faiths by observers and adherents. Yet, a summary investigation of their doctrines illustrates they have much in common. This lesson will examine these similarities in greater detail.

The Spread of Islam and the Progress of the Caliphates

8. The Spread of Islam and the Progress of the Caliphates

After the death of Mohammed, Islam continued to spread through Arabia, the Middle East and Africa. This lesson is an overview of Islam's progress from the faith of Mecca to a faith for all the world.

Frankish History: Clovis and the Merovingians

9. Frankish History: Clovis and the Merovingians

This lesson will focus on Clovis and the rise and fall of the Merovingian Dynasty. It will highlight his unification of the Franks, his conversion to Catholicism, and the cultural advancements of the dynasty's rule.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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