About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering introductory humanities material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn humanities. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding Impressionist artists or Modernism
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning humanities (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about the history of visual art
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra humanities learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the History of Visual Art chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the History of Visual Art chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any visual art history question. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in a history of visual art unit of a standard college introductory humanities course. Topics covered include:
- Byzantine, Roman and early Christian art
- Ancient Egyptian, Persian and Greek art
- Baroque painting and sculpture
- Artists of the Renaissance
- Art in the Protestant Reformation
- Gothic painting and sculpture
- Impressionist and Carolingian art
- Prominent artists of the 20th century
1. Byzantine Art: Mosaics, History & Characteristics
This lesson covers Byzantine art and explains the difficulties of imposing artistic periods. Justinian is introduced as the man behind the Byzantine Golden Age. We explore the interesting dynamic between Byzantine imperialism and Christian religion. Finally, we take a brief look at eastern religious icons.
2. The Mona Lisa by Leonardo Da Vinci: History, Facts & Location
This lesson discusses the history of the one of the world's most famous paintings, the Mona Lisa. Learn more about Leonardo da Vinci's masterpiece and then test your knowledge with a quiz.
3. Roman Art: History, Characteristics & Style
This lesson offers a basic outline of Roman art. We begin by examining the Greek roots of Roman art. Then, we look at the three predominant forms of Roman art: sculpture, murals and mosaics.
4. Early Christian Art: History, Characteristics & Symbolism
This lesson covers the development of early Christian art. We begin in the catacombs of Rome, looking at early Christian frescoes. We then move to later sarcophagi. A brief survey of early Christian mosaics follows, and we close with the fine art of illuminated manuscripts.
5. Ancient Egyptian Art: History and Style
This lesson provides a brief look at the exquisite art of the Ancient Egyptians. Egyptian art contains images of people and deities that represent the culture in which they lived.
6. Ancient Persian Art and Architecture: History & Style
This lesson explores the artwork of one of the most powerful and expansive empires in history: the Persian Empire. Persian artwork contained vivid imagery that recorded the success of the Persian kings in battle and their cultural tendencies.
7. Ancient Greek Art, Pottery and Sculpture
A survey of the transitions in Greek art, with special emphasis placed on the importance of materials and technique. This lecture explores Greek pottery styles from geometric to Orientalizing to black- and red-figure vases. It then turns to sculpture from Archaic styles to realism to idealism. Slides are shown throughout to get students familiar with these Greek styles.
8. Baroque Painting: Style, Characteristics & Artists
This lesson covers the development of Baroque painting as it spread across Europe. We explore the works of Caravaggio in Italy, Velazquez in Spain, Rubens in Belgium, Lorrain in France and Rembrandt in Holland.
9. Baroque Sculpture: Characteristics & Style
In this lesson, we explore the development of Baroque sculpture across Europe, from the creations of the Italian genius, Bernini, to France and the sculptural excellence of Puget's glorified King Louis XIV. We'll also stop in Germany, Spain and Belgium.
10. Michelangelo: Biography and Works
This lesson will focus on the life and works of Michelangelo. It will discuss his life in Florence, his dealings with the Medici family, his sculpture 'David,' the Sistine Chapel and many other of his awe-inspiring works.
11. Renaissance Art: Artists, Paintings, Sculptures & Architecture
In this lesson, we will be discussing Renaissance art, focusing primarily on paintings, sculptures, and architecture. We will also be learning how humanism affected the art of this time period.
12. Leonardo da Vinci: Biography
This lesson will focus on the life of Leonardo da Vinci. It will highlight his career as an artist, an inventor, a scientist and a student of the human form. It will also include many of his most famous works.
13. Art in the Protestant Reformation: Albrecht Durer & Northern European Artists
The Protestant Reformation introduced some pretty substantial changes into European society. In this lesson, we'll be talking about some of the impacts it had on the art of Northern Europe.
14. Gothic Painting: Style & Characteristics
This lesson follows the development of two trends in Gothic painting: realism and perspective. We explore the origins of these movements in Italian Gothic masters, like Duccio, Giotto and the Lorenzetti Brothers, and their later expression in Northern European illuminations.
15. Gothic Sculpture and Stained Glass Windows: Characteristics & Style
In this lesson, we cover the development of Gothic architectural decoration, specifically decorative sculpture and stained glass windows. You'll learn about Gothic use of stained glass and the evolution of sculpture from Romanesque decoration to Gothic statues.
16. Carolingian Art: History, Style & Characteristics
This lesson covers the art of the Carolingian Renaissance. We'll explore the causes of the Carolingian Renaissance, then see how the art of illumination was adapted for new uses. Then we'll discuss treasure bindings and finish with a quick survey of the few other surviving forms of Carolingian art.
17. Art of the 1990s
In the 1990s, new styles of art began to emerge that called attention to social issues, and critiqued culture in new ways. Through this lesson, you will explore some of these styles and gain insight into what the artists were hoping to achieve.
18. Elements and Principles of Art & Design
The elements and principles of art and design are used both in the creation and assessment of art. Continue reading to develop a new way to appreciate and dissect artworks through new vocabulary and ideas.
19. Pencil Art: Style & Examples
In this lesson, you will learn what artist pencils are. You will also discover how they differ from one another and why one might want to use different types of pencil leads to achieve different looks and styles.
20. The History of Computer and Video Games
Through this lesson, you will learn about the origins of computer and video gaming as far back as the 1940s, and trace the industry's history from the emergence of Pong, to the wild success of Atari and Nintendo.
21. The History of Interior Design
The history of interior design is a story involving societies across the globe. In this lesson, we'll discuss how interior design has historically been affected by location, materials, use, and cultural values.
22. Abstract Expressionism: Definition, History, Characteristics & Artists
In this lesson, we'll look at the style of painting referred to as Abstract Expressionism. Hugely influential in the years after World War II, it was the first American style to gain global prestige, even though some viewers thought it wasn't art at all.
23. Albrecht Durer: Biography, Paintings & Prints
The prints of Albrecht Durer, an early Northern Renaissance artist, remain among the most prominent pieces of the period. In his travels, he spread his own fame and introduced techniques that would become crucial to the Renaissance in Northern Europe.
24. Alexander Calder: Biography, Sculptures & Paintings
Nearly every time new parents are setting up a nursery, they pick a mobile to hang above their child's crib to encourage visual stimulation. The mobile wouldn't be there if it weren't for Alexander Calder, the inventor of the mobile.
25. Alphonse Mucha: Biography & Art
Alphonse Mucha was a Czech artist who is famous for a classic style: Art Nouveau. He is best known today for his theater posters, as well as his paintings of Slavic nationalism. In this lesson, you will learn about his life and highly decorative style.
26. Artist Charles Demuth: Biography & Paintings
After overcoming a childhood illness, he went on to become one of the most important contemporary American painters of the 20th century. In this lesson, you will learn about the life and works of Charles Demuth. Then take a short quiz on what you have learned.
27. Art Criticism: Definition, Steps & Example
In this lesson, we'll learn about the steps involved in art criticism and how they work. We'll also try out our critical-thinking skills on a real-life painting. When you've finished with the lesson, you can use our brief quiz to see how much you know about art criticism.
28. Artemisia Gentileschi: Biography, Paintings & Style
Artemisia Gentileschi was a prominent 17th century painter, and today, she is celebrated as an early champion of feminist themes. In this lesson, we will talk about Artemisia's life and examine her artistic style.
29. Artist Louise Nevelson: Sculptures & Paintings
How much do you know about 20th century abstract sculpture? If you're an art buff, you may know about the contributions of Louise Nevelson. In this lesson, we'll go over this artist's life and works.
30. Artist Paul Klee: Facts, Famous Paintings & Drawings
Paul Klee was a German-Swiss artist known for his colorful, highly original, and often childlike drawings and paintings. Continue reading to learn more about Paul Klee's art and life, as well as the opportunity to look at some of his key paintings.
31. Artist Tim Hawkinson: Biography & Art
Tim Hawkinson is an American artist and sculptor who focuses on answering questions about identity through his works. He also uses unconventional and everyday material to craft his extraordinary pieces.
32. Artist William Morris: Biography & Works
William Morris is known as one of the founders of the arts and crafts movement. He and his contemporaries rejected the industrialization going on around them in favor of more handcrafted and unique items.
33. Asymmetrical Balance in Art: Definition, Design & Examples
In this lesson, we will explore what asymmetrical balance is and how it is represented in art. Visual aids are included to illustrate this type of design. A short quiz will follow.
34. Claude Monet: Biography, Paintings & Facts
Claude Monet is not only considered to be one of the most iconic French painters of all time, he is also credited with helping to create a very popular artistic movement. Discover more about his unique style and learn about his best-known works in this lesson.
35. Action Painters & Their Works
It's an American art form that's all about emotion. In this lesson, learn about action painting and works of the action painting style. Then, take a short quiz to test your knowledge.
36. Action Painting: Definition & Characteristics
Action Painting is an art movement that began in the 1940s, and challenged the traditional ideas of using familiar objects and themes in paintings. In this lesson, learn about the characteristics of this movement, and take a quiz to test your knowledge.
37. Aesthetic Distance: Definition & Application
In this lesson, we will discuss aesthetic distance in the arts. We'll define the term, learn of its history, and examine some examples of its relevance today.
38. African Tribal Art: History & Examples
Some of the most famous artists of the Western world, such as Picasso, were influenced by traditional African art. This lesson focuses on the history of African tribal art and takes a look at some well-known examples.
39. Alfeñique: Sugar Art Celebrating the Day of the Dead
Learn about beautiful works of folk art made of sugar, and discover the important role sugar art plays in Day of the Dead celebrations held throughout Mexico and the rest of the world.
40. The Alexander Mosaic: History, Composition & Style
The Alexander Mosaic is one of the most impressive and best known pieces of ancient mosaic art. This lesson will explore the history, composition and style of this important work of art.
41. Impressionist Art: Characteristics & Artists
In this lesson, we will explore Impressionism. We will learn about the founding of the Impressionist movement, the major characteristics of Impressionism, and a few of the primary Impressionist artists.
42. Post-Impressionism: Between Impressionism & Modernism
In this lesson, we will explore Post-Impressionism, which was an artistic reaction to the Impressionist movement that swept the art world in the 1870s and 1880s. We will focus on the characteristics and artists of Post-Impressionism.
43. Prominent Artists & Works of the 20th Century
In this lesson, we will explore the world of 20th century art. We'll look at some overall characteristics of this century of art and then explore various trends and movements in the art world.
44. Sculpture in the Ancient World
In this lesson, we will explore sculpture in the ancient world. We will learn about sculptural trends and great works of sculpture in Egypt, Mesopotamia, Greece, and Rome.
45. History of Sculpture: Medieval, Renaissance, Baroque & Rococo
In this lesson, we will study Medieval, Renaissance, Baroque, and Rococo sculpture. We will explore the primary characteristics of sculpture in these ages and look at some of the major sculptural works.
46. Neoclassical, 19th-Century & Modern Sculpture
This lesson will present the history of sculpture in the late 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries. We will look at Neoclassicism, Romanticism, Symbolism, the art of Auguste Rodin, and the movements of 20th- century sculpture.
47. The Girl with a Pearl Earring by Vermeer: Painting Analysis & Overview
Experience the aesthetic beauty of the Dutch painting, 'Girl with a Pearl Earring', while you learn about its painter Johannes Vermeer and his famous techniques and enduring style.
48. What Is a Medium in Art: Definition & Terms
Explore one of the fundamental ideas in art that affects the creation, design, and reception of every work of art. Test your knowledge about artistic production and art history.
49. What is Surrealism? - Definition, Art & Characteristics
Surrealism isn't just a fun word to say or even just a style of art. It's actually a cultural movement as well. What do you know about Surrealism? Read on to become a Surrealism expert.
50. Dorothea Lange: Biography, Photography & Migrant Mother
In this lesson you'll learn about one of America's most iconic photographers, Dorothea Lange. You'll also get an up-close look at one of her most famous photographs and learn how one woman's work changed America's view of the Great Depression.
51. Edouard Manet: Biography, Paintings & Facts
Learn about the innovative style of French painter, Edouard Manet, and his impact on early modern art. Explore his life story, artistic influences, and key works, and then test your own knowledge of this groundbreaking artist with a quiz.
52. Edvard Munch: Biography, Paintings & The Scream
Expressionist artist Edvard Munch explored dark, psychological themes in his paintings. In this lesson you will learn about his life, aesthetic style, legacy, and cultural influences.
53. Eugene Delacroix's Liberty Leading the People: Painting & Analysis
In this lesson, explore the work of French Romantic artist Eugene Delacroix, a man not afraid of courting controversy. Learn how he composed his paintings and used color to emphasize action through a detailed discussion of his most famous painting, 'Liberty Leading the People'.
54. Eva Hesse: Biography, Artwork & Sculpture
Sometimes a career doesn't have to be long to have an impact. In this lesson, learn about Jewish artist Eva Hesse, who in ten short years developed new paths for sculpture. She became one of the pioneering artists of American modernism.
55. Fra Angelico: Biography & Paintings
In this lesson we'll take a look at the work of Fra Angelico, a Dominican friar and Italian painter of the fifteenth century known for the grace and beauty of his style. His work, while deeply religious, reflects a new realism in its handling of landscape and perspective.
56. Francesco Petrarch: Biography, Poems, Sonnets & Works
Francesco Petrarch was the father of Humanism, and a great scholar and poet of the 14th century in Italy. Learn more about him and his contributions to literature in this lesson.
57. Georges Seurat: Biography, Painting & Facts
In a complete departure from earlier Impressionist painters, Georges Seurat chose to focus on color, often at the expense of shape or form, to form the reality he wanted the viewer to see. A pioneer of pointillism, his work is remarkable in its ability to introduce light and color.
58. Georgia O'Keeffe: Paintings & Biography
Georgia O'Keeffe, famous for her sensual paintings of magnified flowers, and inspired by the bewitching southwestern American landscape, is among the foremost artists of the twentieth century. Read about this artist's life and work, and then quiz yourself.
59. Giotto di Bondone: Biography, Paintings & Frescoes
In this lesson we'll look at the work of Giotto di Bondone, considered the first Renaissance painter. Seven centuries ago, Giotto's naturalistic depiction of the human body represented a major innovation in Italian art. Read on to learn more.
60. Pieter Brueghel: Paintings & Overview
What do landscapes, peasants, and morals have in common? In this lesson, you will learn about the life of painter Pieter Brueghel and how these three themes factored into his famous works.
61. Praying Mantis: Symbolism & Meaning
In this lesson, you will learn about the praying mantis, a common insect found throughout the world. Many cultures have believed that the praying mantis has a special meaning; it was also an important symbol in Chinese martial arts.
62. Hundertwasser: Prints, Paintings & Art
Friedensreich Hundertwasser was a visionary artist and printmaker who rebelled against conventional techniques and style. His rejection of traditional rules and techniques resulted in a very unique style.
63. One Point Perspective Drawing: Definition & Examples
Learn how the use of one point perspective adds depth and realism to drawings, and discover how artists from Leonardo Da Vinci to Vincent Van Gogh used it to create their masterpieces. Then test yourself with a short quiz.
64. Fauvism: Definition, Art & Characteristics
In this lesson, learn about the Fauvists, the 'wild beasts' of the early 20th-century French art scene. Learn about Fauvism, its artists, and the characteristics that define the movement. Then, take a short quiz to test your knowledge.
65. How to Make Stop-Motion Animation
Stop-motion animation is a popular technique in filmmaking, and it has been used to make many classic movies. While time-consuming, it's a fairly straightforward technique. Read on to learn how you can make your own stop-motion animation movie.
66. The History of Stop-Motion Animation
Learn about the history of stop-motion animation in this lesson. You can also explore the work of important stop-motion animation filmmakers from the late 1800s to the present day.
67. What is Typography? - Definition, Terms & Examples
Although you probably don't think much about it, typography is a very important element of design. Through this lesson, you will learn how to define typography and explore some of the technical aspects of the style.
68. Floral Design: Definition & History
Art is more than painting and sculpture. In this lesson, we are going to explore the rich history of floral design in Western societies, and see how plants have shaped our interior spaces for millennia.
69. Radial Design: Definition & Examples
Radial design is one of the basic ways to organize visual material, by arranging it around a central point. In this lesson, you will learn about how radial design works, and study examples of it.
70. Interior Decorating: Definition, Styles & Tips
Are you interested in interior decorating, but unsure what it entails? In this lesson, we define interior decorating and discuss some decorating styles and tips.
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Other chapters within the Introduction to Humanities: Help and Review course
- Literary Terms & Techniques: Help and Review
- Literary Time Periods: Help and Review
- Literature of the Middle Ages: Help and Review
- The English Renaissance: Help and Review
- Literature of the Victorian Era: Help and Review
- British Romanticism: Help and Review
- British Literature of the 20th Century: Help and Review
- Literary Modernism: Help and Review
- Romantic Poetry: Help and Review
- World Literature - Drama: Help and Review
- Poetry of the Ancient and Modern Worlds: Help and Review
- Prominent American Novelists: Help and Review
- Philosophy and Nonfiction: Help and Review
- History of Architecture: Help and Review
- Basic Elements of Music: Help and Review
- Overview of Opera and Orchestral Music: Help and Review
- Intro to Medieval Music: Help and Review
- Intro to Renaissance Music: Help and Review
- Intro to the Baroque Period in Music: Help and Review
- Music's Classical Period: Help and Review
- Music's Romantic Period: Help and Review
- Music of the Modern Era: Help and Review
- Overview of Jazz Music: Help and Review
- Intro to Musical Theater and Popular Music: Help and Review
- Intro to World Music: Help and Review
- Introduction to the Performing Arts: Help and Review
- Introduction to Morality
- Moral Belief Systems
- Ancient Greek Views on Ethics
- Theories of Natural & Moral Law
- Consequentialist & Non-Consequentialist Philosophies
- Morality Within Western Religion
- Issues of Morality in Life & Death
- Moral Issues in Economic Equality & Poverty
- Philosophical Theory & the Justice System
- Moral Issues in Peacetime & War
- Human Rights Ethics
- Moral Issues in Relationships & Sexuality
- Biomedical Ethics
- Morality in Business
- Environmental Ethics
- Historical Periods & Figures of the Fine Arts