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- Describe the origins and characteristics of Byzantine, Roman and early Christian art.
- Explore the style and history of ancient Egyptian and Persian art.
- Discover the pottery, sculpture and art of the ancient Greeks as well as the paintings, artists and architecture of the Renaissance period.
- Examine the Baroque style of painting.
- Study the biographies of Leonardo Da Vinci and Michelangelo.
- Learn about the history of Carolingian art, and become acquainted with artworks of the Protestant Reformation.
- Discuss the characteristics of Gothic paintings and sculpture.
- Study post-impressionism and impressionist art.
- Develop an understanding of the history of sculpture.
- Look at neoclassical, Baroque, Renaissance and modern sculpture.
- Learn about well-known artists of the 20th century.
1. Byzantine Art: Mosaics, History & Characteristics
This lesson covers Byzantine art and explains the difficulties of imposing artistic periods. Justinian is introduced as the man behind the Byzantine Golden Age. We explore the interesting dynamic between Byzantine imperialism and Christian religion. Finally, we take a brief look at eastern religious icons.
2. Roman Art: History, Characteristics & Style
This lesson offers a basic outline of Roman art. We begin by examining the Greek roots of Roman art. Then, we look at the three predominant forms of Roman art: sculpture, murals and mosaics.
3. Early Christian Art: History, Characteristics & Symbolism
This lesson covers the development of early Christian art. We begin in the catacombs of Rome, looking at early Christian frescoes. We then move to later sarcophagi. A brief survey of early Christian mosaics follows, and we close with the fine art of illuminated manuscripts.
4. Ancient Egyptian Art: History and Style
This lesson provides a brief look at the exquisite art of the Ancient Egyptians. Egyptian art contains images of people and deities that represent the culture in which they lived.
5. Ancient Persian Art and Architecture: History & Style
This lesson explores the artwork of one of the most powerful and expansive empires in history: the Persian Empire. Persian artwork contained vivid imagery that recorded the success of the Persian kings in battle and their cultural tendencies.
6. Ancient Greek Art, Pottery and Sculpture
A survey of the transitions in Greek art, with special emphasis placed on the importance of materials and technique. This lecture explores Greek pottery styles from geometric to Orientalizing to black- and red-figure vases. It then turns to sculpture from Archaic styles to realism to idealism. Slides are shown throughout to get students familiar with these Greek styles.
7. Baroque Painting: Style, Characteristics & Artists
This lesson covers the development of Baroque painting as it spread across Europe. We explore the works of Caravaggio in Italy, Velazquez in Spain, Rubens in Belgium, Lorrain in France and Rembrandt in Holland.
8. Baroque Sculpture: Characteristics & Style
In this lesson, we explore the development of Baroque sculpture across Europe, from the creations of the Italian genius, Bernini, to France and the sculptural excellence of Puget's glorified King Louis XIV. We'll also stop in Germany, Spain and Belgium.
9. Michelangelo: Biography and Works
This lesson will focus on the life and works of Michelangelo. It will discuss his life in Florence, his dealings with the Medici family, his sculpture 'David,' the Sistine Chapel and many other of his awe-inspiring works.
10. Renaissance Art: Artists, Paintings, Sculptures & Architecture
In this lesson, we will be discussing Renaissance art, focusing primarily on paintings, sculptures, and architecture. We will also be learning how humanism affected the art of this time period.
11. Leonardo da Vinci: Biography
This lesson will focus on the life of Leonardo da Vinci. It will highlight his career as an artist, an inventor, a scientist and a student of the human form. It will also include many of his most famous works.
12. Art in the Protestant Reformation: Albrecht Durer & Northern European Artists
The Protestant Reformation introduced some pretty substantial changes into European society. In this lesson, we'll be talking about some of the impacts it had on the art of Northern Europe.
13. Gothic Painting: Style & Characteristics
This lesson follows the development of two trends in Gothic painting: realism and perspective. We explore the origins of these movements in Italian Gothic masters, like Duccio, Giotto and the Lorenzetti Brothers, and their later expression in Northern European illuminations.
14. Gothic Sculpture and Stained Glass Windows: Characteristics & Style
In this lesson, we cover the development of Gothic architectural decoration, specifically decorative sculpture and stained glass windows. You'll learn about Gothic use of stained glass and the evolution of sculpture from Romanesque decoration to Gothic statues.
15. Carolingian Art: History, Style & Characteristics
This lesson covers the art of the Carolingian Renaissance. We'll explore the causes of the Carolingian Renaissance, then see how the art of illumination was adapted for new uses. Then we'll discuss treasure bindings and finish with a quick survey of the few other surviving forms of Carolingian art.
16. Acrylic Painting: Techniques, Artists & Examples
Learn what acrylic paint is, how it differs from others types of paints, and how artists use this versatile medium to achieve different effects. You'll also learn the names of a few popular artists who've produced work in acrylics.
17. Analogous Colors: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, you will learn about analogous color schemes and where they fit into the concept of the color wheel. You will also learn why (or why not!) you would want to use these schemes.
18. Andy Warhol: Biography, Paintings & Photography
Why do we associate cans of soup or boxes of steel wool pads with art? How come one of the first pictures of Marilyn Monroe to come to mind is actually many images of her colorfully painted face? You have Andy Warhol to thank for these and more famous images than you might think! In this lesson, you will learn who he was, what a few of his most famous works are, and which kinds of mediums he used in his artwork. You will also learn about what influenced his artwork.
19. Anselm Kiefer: Biography, Paintings & Sculpture
In this lesson, learn about the life and work of Anselm Kiefer, a German painter and sculptor born in 1945. Compelled to confront his country's recent history, he creates massive paintings and sculptures from natural and manmade materials to explore and confront difficult truths about the past.
20. Anti-Aesthetic: Definition & Art
The Anti-Aesthetic movement rejected the role of beauty in art, stating it was a distraction from truth and more serious issues. Anti-Aesthetic artists share a common disdain for the idea that art has an obligation to be visually pleasing in order to be appreciated.
21. Artist Franz Kline: Biography & Paintings
In this lesson, learn about Franz Kline, an American painter who helped define the abstract expressionist movement with his large gestural works. Then, take a short quiz to test your knowledge.
22. Artist Lee Krasner: Biography & Paintings
Have you ever had to fight to be recognized for your achievements? In this lesson, learn about abstract painter Lee Krasner, who was already known as an artist when she married Jackson Pollock. Despite working in his shadow, she persevered, creating a strong body of work that stands on its own.
23. Artist Sophie Calle: Biography & Photography
Learn about controversial French photographer Sophie Calle. Discover how she has transformed her life into a work of art in an effort to explore human vulnerability, identity, and intimacy.
24. Artist Thomas Cole: Biography & Paintings
Learn about artist Thomas Cole and his landscape paintings. Cole is considered the father of the Hudson River School, a movement that captured hopes for a young America through depictions of nature and wilderness.
25. Auguste Rodin: Biography, Sculptures & Artwork
An artist with a controversial view on sculpture, as well as a controversial personal life, Auguste Rodin began life as a sculptor seeking acceptance and died a revolutionary in the field.
26. Augustus Saint-Gaudens: Biography, Sculpture & Memorial
In this lesson, learn about the life and career of sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudens. He rose from immigrant origins to become a famous artist and transformed the character of American sculpture and public memorials.
27. Camille Pissarro: Biography, Paintings & Style
In this lesson, we take a closer look at Camille Pissarro, an Impressionist painter whose work reflects four decades of artistic change. He also embraced the Neo-Impressionism of Seurat, and was a mentor to the Post-Impressionists Cezanne and Gauguin.
28. Chiaroscuro in Art: Definition, Technique, Artists & Examples
In this lesson we'll take a look at the technique known as chiaroscuro, used by artists from the Renaissance onward to create a sense of drama and the illusion of volume.
29. Constructivism Art: Definition, Artists & Examples
Despite being short-lived, the constructivist art movement has had a significant influence on the artistic movements that followed. In this lesson, we will define constructivism and explore some examples that illustrate the style.
30. Contour Line in Art: Definition, Drawing & Examples
This lesson will provide you with the fine-art definition of a contour line. At the end of the lesson, you will know what a contour line looks like and how an artist might effectively use them.
31. Edgar Degas: Facts, Famous Paintings & Drawings
Known for his famous paintings of Parisian life and ballet dancers, French artist Edgar Degas helped establish the Impressionist movement in art during the nineteenth century.
32. Edward Hopper: Biography, Paintings & Drawings
In this lesson, learn about American Realist artist Edward Hopper. In 1910s New York, he pursued a career in illustration until he could support himself by painting. Hopper created iconic images exploring American urban life.
33. Francisco Goya: Biography, Paintings & Facts
Francisco de Goya was a Spanish romantic painter known for his royal portraiture, as well as his dramatic depictions of war. Learn about about his life and enjoy an opportunity to discover some of his key works of art.
34. Franz Marc: Biography & Paintings
Franz Marc (1880-1916) was a German Expressionist painter best known for his brightly colored paintings of animals and deeply personal symbolism. His career came to a premature end when he was killed in combat in World War I.
35. George Caleb Bingham: Biography, Paintings & the County Election
In this lesson, learn how life on the American frontier in the 1800s inspired Missouri artist George Caleb Bingham. He created detailed genre paintings that captured everyday life and work along the Missouri and Mississippi rivers. A politician as well as an artist, Bingham also documented events such as the county election.
36. Gustav Klimt: Biography, Paintings & Drawings
In this lesson, explore the work of artist Gustav Klimt. A founding member of the Vienna Secession, he pursued a very personal, erotic, and emotional style of painting. In decorative and fine arts, Klimt created unique works that commented on the human condition.
37. Harry Callahan: Biography & Photography
Sometimes career inspiration comes from unexpected places. In this lesson, learn about photographer Harry Callahan, who was working as a clerk at Chrysler Motors when he bought a camera and found his calling. His images of nature, city scenes, and people are fascinating explorations of photography as art form.
38. Helen Frankenthaler: Biography, Art & Paintings
Helen Frankenthaler was a deeply influential American painter in Abstract Expressionism who inspired and influenced Color-Field painting with her work in Action Painting with stains.
39. Isamu Noguchi: Biography, Sculpture & Furniture
Learn about the life of sculptor Isamu Noguchi. Discover how Noguchi combined the artistic traditions of the United States and Japan to create a dazzling variety of sculptures and furniture.
40. Jackson Pollock: Art Style, Paintings & Death
Jackson Pollock is one of the most noteworthy artists of the past 100 years; learn more about Pollock, his unique style and work, and his untimely death.
41. Jasper Johns: Biography, Paintings & Facts
He's one of the most influential painters of the 20th century, but chances are you don't know much about him. In this lesson, learn more about the life and works of American painter Jasper Johns. Then test your knowledge with a short quiz.
42. Louis Comfort Tiffany: Biography, Lamps & Paintings
He came from a family known for creating fine jewelry, but Tiffany took his talents in a different direction. In this lesson, learn about the life, lamps, and paintings of Louis Comfort Tiffany. Then test your knowledge with a quiz.
43. Mark Rothko: Biography & Paintings
He's a Russian-born painter whose later works focused on color as their content. In this lesson, learn about the life and works of Mark Rothko. Then take a short quiz to test your knowledge.
44. Mary Cassatt: Biography, Paintings & Facts
In this lesson, you'll meet turn-of-the-century American painter, Mary Cassatt, a contemporary of Edgar Degas and the Impressionists. In addition to an overview of her transcontinental life, you'll also have the chance to examine a few of her well-known paintings.
45. Max Ernst: Biography & Paintings
Have you ever wondered how someone would paint dreams? In this lesson, learn about artist Max Ernst, a pioneering member several creative art movements that focused on the unconscious and absurd. A veteran of World War I, Ernst channeled his experience into unique works of art that provoked new thinking about what could be portrayed on canvas.
46. Monochromatic Color: Definition, Schemes & Examples
A monochromatic color scheme is based on variations of one particular color. In this lesson, we'll explore how to choose and create monochromatic color schemes. The lesson will also include specific images of monochromatic color schemes.
47. Pablo Picasso: Facts, Artwork & Famous Paintings
As one of the most famous and revolutionary artists of the modern era, Pablo Picasso worked in multiple styles throughout his life, helping to establish the school of Cubist art and popularize Surrealism.
48. Paul Cezanne: Biography & Artwork
An artist whose work bridged Impressionism and Cubism, Paul Cézanne's work helped introduce the world to modern art. Learn more about the artist who helped inspire Picasso.
49. Tintoretto: Biography, Paintings & Drawings
In this lesson we take a look at the art of Jacopo Tintoretto, a Venetian painter of the sixteenth century. Tintoretto introduced Michelangelo's style of dramatic rendering of the human figure to the art world of Venice. Renowned for his energy and speed as a painter, Tintoretto left a lasting mark on his native city.
50. Translucent: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, we'll explore the meaning of the term translucent and discuss the properties of translucent materials and when and why using translucent materials may be desirable.
51. Van Gogh's Starry Night: Description, Analysis & Facts
In this lesson, we'll be looking at Vincent van Gogh's famous painting ''The Starry Night.'' Give it a good look and consider its many different facets and interpretations, learn some facts about its creation along the way, and then test your knowledge with a quiz.
52. Vincent van Gogh: Biography & Artwork
More than almost any other painter, Vincent van Gogh has epitomized the tortured artist. Believing that his work was inspired by a higher power, van Gogh would ultimately commit suicide, tragically thinking the world had no appreciation for his remarkable work.
53. Waltz: Definition & History
Although thought of by many as a stodgy ballroom dance, the Waltz was considered downright indecent. Learn more about this classic dance and the rhythm behind it that has inspired musicians as diverse as classical composers and Bruno Mars.
54. Wassily Kandinsky: Biography & Paintings
In this lesson, learn about Russian artist and art theorist Wassily Kandinsky. Together, his fascination with color, design, and music and his passion for finding deeper spiritual meaning created a new kind of painting. He wrote important works regarding theories of art and color and became a pioneer of abstract art.
55. What Are Geometric Shapes in Art? - Definition, Names & List
There's more than one way to make a painting! In this lesson, we will look at geometric shapes in art movements as well as the artists who utilize the line-driven making of shapes.
56. What Are the Principles of Art? - Definition & Examples
In this lesson, you will be presented with an overview of the basic principles of art, examples of what they are, and how to use them when creating or analyzing an artwork.
57. What Are the Seven Elements of Art? - Definition & Examples
The elements of art are the building blocks of all art. Every piece of art ever created includes one or more of these elements. Learn about line, color, shape, form, value, space, and texture.
58. What is a Self-Portrait? - Definition, Artists & Examples
Explore aspects of style and form that artists use in modes of self-expression. Consider ways of identifying and interpreting visual styles in painting and photography. Self-portraits evoke an artist's way of seeing him or herself.
59. What is Abstract Art? - Definition, Techniques, Types & Paintings
In this lesson, we'll explore the definition of abstract art. We'll look at the different types of abstract art, the techniques used to create the works, and a sampling of paintings that have been produced.
60. What Is Collage? - Definition, Famous Artists & Examples
What is a collage? This lesson takes you through the definition, provides some examples, discusses famous artists who made collages, and offers a quiz to see what you learned.
61. What is Contemporary Art? - Definition, Movements & Styles
In this lesson, you'll learn what spawned the contemporary art movement, how it differs from its predecessors, technology's role in its accessibility, and why there is no end in sight to this one-of-a-kind era in the fine art world.
62. What Is Cubism? - Definition, Characteristics & Artists
In this lesson, you'll learn about Cubism, the early 20th century art form that challenged tradition and the very meaning of art itself. Both kinds of Cubism are discussed, as are major artists of the movement.
63. What Is Environmental Art? - Definition, History & Movement
Environmental art, or eco-art, is an umbrella term for Romanticism, eco-realism, and Gaia Art: three movements which seek to promote humanity's interconnectedness to the natural world and criticize the destruction of our environment.
64. What is Pop Art? - Definition, Movement & Artists
In the 1960s, artists began making work involving soup cans, giant tubes of lipstick, and comic strips. This lesson shows you how we ended up with pictures of Marilyn Monroe and grocery store packaging being honored as art alongside the work of artists like Picasso and Matisse.
65. Who is Ansel Adams? - Biography, Facts & Photography
Explore the life and work of American nature photographer Ansel Adams. Learn about the relationships between photographic representation, landscape photography and conservationism.
66. Who Is Frida Kahlo? - Facts, Artwork & Timeline
A brief biography of iconic Mexican artist Frida Kahlo, including descriptions of her childhood, marriage, artistic influences, and key events in her life. As a renowned surrealist painter, Kahlo's influence continues to inspire artists to this day.
67. William Eggleston: Biography, Photography & Portraits
Look around at familiar objects. Do you see potential for art? In this lesson, learn about American photographer William Eggleston. He became famous for taking color photographs of everyday life and portraits of average people. He captured details of the world around him and helped establish color photography as an art form.
68. William Hogarth: Biography, Paintings & Engravings
William Hogarth became an established painter and engraver during the early and mid-1700s. This lesson will discuss how his life influenced the satirical and expressive nature of his paintings and engravings.
69. The Old Guitarist by Picasso: Meaning & Analysis
In this lesson, we will examine the artistic life of Pablo Picasso. We will review the different stages of his art, particularly the Blue Period. From there, we will discuss and analyze his painting 'The Old Guitarist' and its meaning.
70. What are Political Cartoons? - History & Analysis
Political cartoons have a rich history that is as interesting as the cartoons are visually entertaining. In this lesson, you'll learn how political cartoons have shaped our past and continue to shape our society today, and how to analyze their messages.
71. Alfred Stieglitz's 1907 'The Steerage' Photo
Before Titanic's Jack Dawson hung around in steerage class, Alfred Stieglitz took a photograph that 'spoke a thousand words.' Stieglitz's photo was transformative in terms of what art could do and how individuals viewed society. Read on to learn more.
72. Winslow Homer: Paintings, Facts & Biography
In this lesson we will explore the life and work of Winslow Homer, who is considered one of the best American artists of the nineteenth century. He is recognized for his rural landscapes and best known for his seascapes.
73. How to Use a Green Screen: Photography & Effects
The green screen technique has long been used in the world of video, but is also popular in photography. With a little creativity, you can learn how to make spectacular photos using a green screen.
74. Dynamic Range in Photography: Definition & Explanation
In this lesson, you will learn about the importance of dynamic range in photography, and explore the ways in which photographers use it to take better photographs.
75. The History of Graphic Design
Some elements of graphic design, like writing and symbols, have been around for almost as long as human beings have. But the term ''graphic design'' is relatively new. In this lesson we will define graphic design and look at both its origins and modern meaning.
76. What is Stop-Motion Animation? - Definition & Techniques
Explore the different techniques used to create stop-motion animation and discover how stop-motion animation can be used to bring inanimate objects to life.
77. The History of Typography: Timeline & Explanation
Typography, the design and use of letters and symbols, is an essential aspect of human history. The development of new technologies have streamlined the process but the creative opportunities are still important for communication today.
78. What is Video Production? - Software & Equipment
There are many types of videos - from instructional programs and music videos to documentaries and feature films. How are movies made? This lesson will examine the two-stage process of video production.
79. What is White Balance in Photography?
Discover how white balance can be used to improve the color accuracy of your photographs. Learn about color temperatures and why they are used by photographers to describe different light conditions.
80. 2D Animation vs. 3D Animation
Animators bring stories and games to life. But why do many of today's characters look so unlike old cartoons? They're created in very different ways! In this lesson, learn about the differences between 2D and 3D animation.
81. How to Make an Altered Book
Books have been altered as a form of creative expression for centuries. In this lesson you will learn about the general forms of altered books, the materials required, and techniques used to make an altered book.
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