About This Chapter
History of Visual Art - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Visual art is probably one form of art that you are quite familiar with. You have probably seen a painting or a sculpture before. The history of visual art, from the Byzantines to modern artists, is coveted in this chapter. Lessons will cover the contributions of each era to the visual arts. Additionally, you will look at some famous artists and learn about distinct features of art from specific periods. Some of the things you will learn about in these lessons include:
- Symbolism in early Christian art
- Greek pottery
- Baroque artists
- Effects of the Protestant Reformation on art
|Byzantine Art: Mosaics, History & Characteristics||Take a look at art of the Byzantine empire.|
|Roman Art: History, Characteristics & Style||Find out about the characteristics of Roman art.|
|Early Christian Art: History, Characteristics & Symbolism||Study the history of early Christian art.|
|Ancient Egyptian Art: History and Style||Examine the style of ancient Egyptian art.|
|Ancient Persian Art and Architecture: History & Style||Explore ancient Persian art history.|
|Ancient Greek Art, Pottery and Sculpture||Study the transitions in ancient Greek art.|
|Baroque Painting: Style, Characteristics & Artists||Learn about Baroque painters.|
|Baroque Sculpture: Characteristics & Style||Take a look at Baroque sculpture.|
|Michelangelo: Biography and Works||Study Michelangelo to learn more about the man and his work.|
|Renaissance Art: Artists, Paintings, Sculptures & Architecture||Find out about art from the Renaissance.|
|Leonardo da Vinci: Biography||Learn more about how Leonardo da Vinci was.|
|Art in the Protestant Reformation: Albrecht Durer & Northern European Artists||Examine the Protestant Reformation and how it affected art.|
|Gothic Painting: Style & Characteristics||Discover the painting style in Gothic art.|
|Gothic Sculpture and Stained Glass Windows: Characteristics & Style||Analyze Gothic sculpture and stained glass windows.|
|Carolingian Art: History, Style & Characteristics||Explore the history of Carolingian art.|
|Characteristics and Artists of Impressionist Art||Study Impressionist art.|
|Post-Impressionism: Bridging the Gap Between Impressionism and Modernism||Learn about the period between impressionism and modernism.|
|Prominent Artists and Works of the 20th Century||Discover art and artists from the 20th century.|
|History of Sculpture||Analyze the history of sculpture.|
1. Byzantine Art: Mosaics, History & Characteristics
This lesson covers Byzantine art and explains the difficulties of imposing artistic periods. Justinian is introduced as the man behind the Byzantine Golden Age. We explore the interesting dynamic between Byzantine imperialism and Christian religion. Finally, we take a brief look at eastern religious icons.
2. Roman Art: History, Characteristics & Style
This lesson offers a basic outline of Roman art. We begin by examining the Greek roots of Roman art. Then, we look at the three predominant forms of Roman art: sculpture, murals and mosaics.
3. Early Christian Art: History, Characteristics & Symbolism
This lesson covers the development of early Christian art. We begin in the catacombs of Rome, looking at early Christian frescoes. We then move to later sarcophagi. A brief survey of early Christian mosaics follows, and we close with the fine art of illuminated manuscripts.
4. Ancient Egyptian Art: History and Style
This lesson provides a brief look at the exquisite art of the Ancient Egyptians. Egyptian art contains images of people and deities that represent the culture in which they lived.
5. Ancient Persian Art and Architecture: History & Style
This lesson explores the artwork of one of the most powerful and expansive empires in history: the Persian Empire. Persian artwork contained vivid imagery that recorded the success of the Persian kings in battle and their cultural tendencies.
6. Ancient Greek Art, Pottery and Sculpture
A survey of the transitions in Greek art, with special emphasis placed on the importance of materials and technique. This lecture explores Greek pottery styles from geometric to Orientalizing to black- and red-figure vases. It then turns to sculpture from Archaic styles to realism to idealism. Slides are shown throughout to get students familiar with these Greek styles.
7. Baroque Painting: Style, Characteristics & Artists
This lesson covers the development of Baroque painting as it spread across Europe. We explore the works of Caravaggio in Italy, Velazquez in Spain, Rubens in Belgium, Lorrain in France and Rembrandt in Holland.
8. Baroque Sculpture: Characteristics & Style
In this lesson, we explore the development of Baroque sculpture across Europe, from the creations of the Italian genius, Bernini, to France and the sculptural excellence of Puget's glorified King Louis XIV. We'll also stop in Germany, Spain and Belgium.
9. Michelangelo: Biography and Works
This lesson will focus on the life and works of Michelangelo. It will discuss his life in Florence, his dealings with the Medici family, his sculpture 'David,' the Sistine Chapel and many other of his awe-inspiring works.
10. Renaissance Art: Artists, Paintings, Sculptures & Architecture
In this lesson, we will be discussing Renaissance art, focusing primarily on paintings, sculptures, and architecture. We will also be learning how humanism affected the art of this time period.
11. Leonardo da Vinci: Biography
This lesson will focus on the life of Leonardo da Vinci. It will highlight his career as an artist, an inventor, a scientist and a student of the human form. It will also include many of his most famous works.
12. Art in the Protestant Reformation: Albrecht Durer & Northern European Artists
The Protestant Reformation introduced some pretty substantial changes into European society. In this lesson, we'll be talking about some of the impacts it had on the art of Northern Europe.
13. Gothic Painting: Style & Characteristics
This lesson follows the development of two trends in Gothic painting: realism and perspective. We explore the origins of these movements in Italian Gothic masters, like Duccio, Giotto and the Lorenzetti Brothers, and their later expression in Northern European illuminations.
14. Gothic Sculpture and Stained Glass Windows: Characteristics & Style
In this lesson, we cover the development of Gothic architectural decoration, specifically decorative sculpture and stained glass windows. You'll learn about Gothic use of stained glass and the evolution of sculpture from Romanesque decoration to Gothic statues.
15. Carolingian Art: History, Style & Characteristics
This lesson covers the art of the Carolingian Renaissance. We'll explore the causes of the Carolingian Renaissance, then see how the art of illumination was adapted for new uses. Then we'll discuss treasure bindings and finish with a quick survey of the few other surviving forms of Carolingian art.
16. Impressionist Art: Characteristics & Artists
In this lesson, we will explore Impressionism. We will learn about the founding of the Impressionist movement, the major characteristics of Impressionism, and a few of the primary Impressionist artists.
17. Post-Impressionism: Between Impressionism & Modernism
In this lesson, we will explore Post-Impressionism, which was an artistic reaction to the Impressionist movement that swept the art world in the 1870s and 1880s. We will focus on the characteristics and artists of Post-Impressionism.
18. Prominent Artists & Works of the 20th Century
In this lesson, we will explore the world of 20th century art. We'll look at some overall characteristics of this century of art and then explore various trends and movements in the art world.
19. Sculpture in the Ancient World
In this lesson, we will explore sculpture in the ancient world. We will learn about sculptural trends and great works of sculpture in Egypt, Mesopotamia, Greece, and Rome.
20. History of Sculpture: Medieval, Renaissance, Baroque & Rococo
In this lesson, we will study Medieval, Renaissance, Baroque, and Rococo sculpture. We will explore the primary characteristics of sculpture in these ages and look at some of the major sculptural works.
21. Neoclassical, 19th-Century & Modern Sculpture
This lesson will present the history of sculpture in the late 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries. We will look at Neoclassicism, Romanticism, Symbolism, the art of Auguste Rodin, and the movements of 20th- century sculpture.
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Other chapters within the CLEP Humanities: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- Literary Terms & Techniques
- Medieval Literature
- The English Renaissance
- Literature of the Victorian Era
- British & American Romanticism
- British Literature of the 20th Century
- Literary Modernism
- Prominent American Novelists
- World Literature: Drama
- Romantic Poetry
- Poetry of the Ancient and Modern Worlds
- Elements of Music
- Philosophy and Nonfiction
- History of Architecture
- Opera and Orchestral Music
- Jazz Music
- Musical Theater and Popular Music
- Medieval Music
- Renaissance Music
- The Baroque Period in Music
- The Classical Music Period
- The Romantic Period in Music
- Modern Era Music
- World Music
- Introduction to the Performing Arts