About This Chapter
History & Social Impacts of Computing - Chapter Summary
If you are interested in improving your understanding of the history and social impacts of computing, this short chapter can help. Entertaining lessons examine globalization, the impact of technology on privacy, the history of computers and other related topics. Once you've finished this chapter, you will have the knowledge to:
- Define and discuss fields in computer science
- Describe networks, software, hardware and other information systems resources
- Share facts about management information systems and using data to manage operations
- Detail the impact of information technology on the economy
- Discuss outsourcing, insourcing and other effects of technology on careers
- Discuss ergonomics, job design, virtual teams and telecommuting
- Provide details about computer security and threat prevention for organizations and individuals
- List issues and concerns for intellectual property and open source software
Feel free to review one, several or all lessons in this chapter depending on how much of the history and social impacts of computers you need to review. All the lessons in this chapter are accompanied by short quizzes you can take to test your comprehension of this subject. To get a broader review of the lessons, don't hesitate to take the practice chapter exam. Any questions that arise while studying this chapter can be submitted to our experts.
1. What is Computer Science? - Definition & Fields
Computer science is a branch of science and technology that encompasses all aspects of a computer system including computer software, hardware, and networking. In this lesson, we will learn about it in more detail.
2. History of Computers: Timeline & Evolution
Modern computing has a rich history. Learn about the earliest computing devices developed by humans, the first electronic computers and the development of modern computer components, such as microprocessors and the graphical user interface, in this video lesson.
3. Information Systems Resources: Networks, Hardware, Software, Data & People
What are the resources an information system needs? Discover how networks, hardware, software, data and people work together to create usable information.
4. Management Information Systems: Using Data to Manage Operations
Management information systems (MIS) are an important source of data for any organization. How that data is reviewed and analyzed is the responsibility of the managers, and in this lesson we will describe the role of MIS and how managers can use different types of data MIS can produce.
5. Information Technology: Impact on the Economy
6. Globalization, Outsourcing & Insourcing: Impact of Technology on Careers
This lesson discusses the impact information technology has on careers. Globalization has been driven by advances in technology and has impacted job security and wages. We will specifically look at downsizing, insourcing and outsourcing.
7. Ergonomics, Telecommuting, Virtual Teams & Job Design: Technology Effects on Careers
This lesson explores the impact of information technology on job design, teamwork, health and safety and how we commute to work. Specific topics discussed are telecommuting, virtual teams, job design and ergonomics.
8. Impact of Technology on Privacy
Technology has a number of social and ethical implications that cause debate and concern. One specific issue is privacy. Information technology has opened up society and decreased privacy. This lesson will explore a number of privacy issues that are of concern, including electronic surveillance, availability of personal information, cookies and spyware, and workplace monitoring.
9. Computer Security & Threat Prevention for Individuals & Organizations
Computer security and threat prevention is essential for individuals and organizations. Effective security measures can reduce errors, fraud, and losses. This lesson will explore unintentional threats and intentional threats. Various security measures and defenses will be explored, including encryption, firewalls, anti-virus, anti-spyware, passwords, back-ups, and biometric security.
10. Intellectual Property and Open Source Software: Issues and Concerns
One of the defining issues of the Internet era is intellectual property rights. The Internet has made it easy to access digital media and illegally copy it. This lesson will discuss intellectual property including protections through copyrights, trademarks and patents. We will also explore the open source movement and the growing trend toward free, unprotected software.
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Other chapters within the MTTC Computer Science (050): Practice & Study Guide course
- Hardware & Systems Technology
- Computer Science Systems Software
- Computer Science Application Software
- Computer Science & The Internet
- Basics of Network Systems Technology
- Telecommunications & Information Access Resources
- Computer Science Technology in the Classroom
- Computer Science Multimedia Resources
- Data, Storage & Algorithms
- Basics of Computer Programming
- Programming Design, Verification & Language
- Instructional Resources for Computer Science Teachers
- MTTC Computer Science Flashcards