# Ch 11: Holt McDougal Algebra 2 Chapter 11: Probability and Statistics

### About This Chapter

## How it works:

- Identify the lessons in the Holt McDougal Algebra 2 Probability and Statistics chapter with which you need help.
- Find the corresponding video lessons within this companion course chapter.
- Watch fun videos that cover the probability and statistics topics you need to learn or review.
- Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
- If you need additional help, rewatch the videos until you've mastered the material or submit a question for one of our instructors.

## Students will learn:

- Permutations and combinations
- Theoretical and experimental probability
- Probability of independent and dependent events
- Probability of compound events
- Measures of central tendency and variation
- Binomial distributions

*Holt McDougal is a registered trademark of Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, which is not affiliated with Study.com.*

### 1. How to Use the Fundamental Counting Principle

There are many situations in which you will have to make several decisions simultaneously. The fundamental counting principle will help you determine how many different possible outcomes there are when you have to make multiple simultaneous decisions.

### 2. How to Calculate a Permutation

A permutation is a method used to calculate the total outcomes of a situation where order is important. In this lesson, John will use permutations to help him organize the cards in his poker hand and order a pizza.

### 3. Math Combinations: Formula and Example Problems

Combinations are an arrangement of objects where order does not matter. In this lesson, the coach of the Wildcats basketball team uses combinations to help his team prepare for the upcoming season.

### 4. How to Calculate the Probability of Combinations

To calculate the probability of a combination, you will need to consider the number of favorable outcomes over the number of total outcomes. Combinations are used to calculate events where order does not matter. In this lesson, we will explore the connection between these two essential topics.

### 5. How to Calculate the Probability of Permutations

In this lesson, you will learn how to calculate the probability of a permutation by analyzing a real-world example in which the order of the events does matter. We'll also review what a factorial is. We will then go over some examples for practice.

### 6. Probability of Independent Events: The 'At Least One' Rule

Occasionally when calculating independent events, it is only important that the event happens once. This is referred to as the 'At Least One' Rule. To calculate this type of problem, we will use the process of complementary events to find the probability of our event occurring at least once.

### 7. The Addition Rule of Probability: Definition & Examples

In this lesson, you will learn the differences between mutually exclusive and non-mutually exclusive events and how to find the probabilities of each using the Addition Rule of Probability.

### 8. Relative Frequency & Classical Approaches to Probability

To understand probability, it is important to understand the foundations. In this lesson, you will learn about relative frequency and the foundations of understanding probability.

### 9. Probabilities as Areas of Geometric Regions: Definition & Examples

In this lesson, you're going to learn what a random variable is and examine core concepts related to probabilities as areas of geometric regions and expected values of probability distributions.

### 10. Probability of Independent and Dependent Events

Sometimes probabilities need to be calculated when more than one event occurs. These types of compound events are called independent and dependent events. Through this lesson, we will look at some real-world examples of how to calculate these probabilities.

### 11. Conditional Probability: Definition & Uses

We know a coin can land on either heads or tails. But what would happen if one coin flip changed the next? In this lesson, we'll look at events that are dependent on each other, and we'll learn how to calculate the probability of two events occurring in a combined manner.

### 12. Probability of Simple, Compound and Complementary Events

Simple, compound, and complementary events are different types of probabilities. Each of these probabilities are calculated in a slightly different fashion. In this lesson, we will look at some real world examples of these different forms of probability.

### 13. Either/Or Probability: Overlapping and Non-Overlapping Events

Statistics is the study and interpretation of a set of data. One area of statistics is the study of probability. This lesson will describe how to determine the either/or probability of overlapping and non-overlapping events.

### 14. How to Calculate Mean, Median, Mode & Range

Measures of central tendency can provide valuable information about a set of data. In this lesson, explore how to calculate the mean, median, mode and range of any given data set.

### 15. Calculating the Standard Deviation

In this lesson, we will examine the meaning and process of calculating the standard deviation of a data set. Standard deviation can help to determine if the data set is a normal distribution.

### 16. Maximums, Minimums & Outliers in a Data Set

When analyzing data sets, the first thing to identify is the maximums, minimums, and outliers. This lesson will help you learn how to identify these important items.

### 17. Creating & Interpreting Box Plots: Process & Examples

Box plots are an essential tool in statistical analysis. This lesson will help you create a box plot and understand its meaning. When you are finished, test your understanding with a short quiz!

### 18. Dice: Finding Expected Values of Games of Chance

This lesson examines the various combinations and probabilities behind rolling dice. We will look at a game of dice and what to expect to win or lose in a game. In addition we will extend these concepts to playing with different sided dice.

### 19. How to Use the Binomial Theorem to Expand a Binomial

In this video lesson, you will see what the binomial theorem has in common with Pascal's triangle. Learn how you can use Pascal's triangle to help you to easily expand a binomial.

### 20. Binomial Probability & Binomial Experiments

Binomial probability can be used to determine the likelihood of a certain outcome in an experiment where there are only two possible outcomes (success and failure). In this lesson, learn how to apply binomial probability to a variety of situations.

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### Other Chapters

Other chapters within the Holt McDougal Algebra 2: Online Textbook Help course

- Holt McDougal Algebra 2 Chapter 1: Foundations for Functions
- Holt McDougal Algebra 2 Chapter 2: Linear Functions
- Holt McDougal Algebra 2 Chapter 3: Linear Systems
- Holt McDougal Algebra 2 Chapter 4: Matrices
- Holt McDougal Algebra 2 Chapter 5: Quadratic Functions
- Holt McDougal Algebra 2 Chapter 6: Polynomial Functions
- Holt McDougal Algebra 2 Chapter 7: Exponential and Logarithmic Functions
- Holt McDougal Algebra 2 Chapter 8: Rational and Radical Functions
- Holt McDougal Algebra 2 Chapter 9: Properties and Attributes of Functions
- Holt McDougal Algebra 2 Chapter 10: Conic Sections
- Holt McDougal Algebra 2 Chapter 12: Sequences and Series
- Holt McDougal Algebra 2 Chapter 13: Trigonometric Functions
- Holt McDougal Algebra 2 Chapter 14: Trigonometric Graphs and Identities