Ch 16: Holt McDougal Modern Biology Chapter 16: Population Genetics and Speciation

About This Chapter

The Population Genetics and Speciation chapter of this Holt McDougal Modern Biology textbook companion course helps students learn essential modern biology lessons on population genetics and speciation. Each of these simple and fun video lessons is about five minutes long and is sequenced to align with the Population Genetics and Speciation textbook chapter.

How it works:

  • Identify the lessons in the Holt McDougal Modern Biology Population Genetics and Speciation chapter with which you need help.
  • Find the corresponding video lessons within this companion course chapter.
  • Watch fun videos that cover the population genetics and speciation topics you need to learn or review.
  • Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
  • If you need additional help, rewatch the videos until you've mastered the material or submit a question for one of our instructors.

Students will learn:

  • Random mutations and genetic variability
  • The Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium equation and evolutionary agents
  • Types of natural selection
  • Rates of evolution
  • Allopatric vs. sympatric speciation
  • Prezygotic and postzygotic barriers to speciation

Holt McDougal Modern Biology is a registered trademark of Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, which is not affiliated with Study.com.

9 Lessons in Chapter 16: Holt McDougal Modern Biology Chapter 16: Population Genetics and Speciation
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Genetic Variability and Random Mutation

1. Genetic Variability and Random Mutation

Evolution is driven by variation among populations. The amount of variability determines how well a population can adapt to environmental changes, while random mutations can provide new variations that help a population adapt to unexpected changes.

Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium I: Overview

2. Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium I: Overview

In this lesson, we'll examine population genetics in greater detail. We'll also explore notions of Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium for large, stable populations. Is the genetic makeup of our flying hamster population changing? The Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium can serve as a reference point as we try to answer population genetics questions.

Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium II: The Equation

3. Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium II: The Equation

The Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium equation is represented by a polynomial, so we'll have to do some calculations. Don't be intimidated; a few coin tosses can help us make sense of allelic frequencies in a given gene pool.

Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium III: Evolutionary Agents

4. Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium III: Evolutionary Agents

In this lesson, you'll learn how the Hardy-Weinberg equation relates to different evolutionary agents and population changes. Discover how the equation may be used to discover populations that are not in equilibrium.

Natural Selection: Definition, Types & Examples

5. Natural Selection: Definition, Types & Examples

We'll take a look at the types of natural selection that can occur. From flying hamsters to moths, you'll start to grasp the different paths organisms can take as they respond to their changing environments over time.

Rates of Evolution: Punctuated Equilibrium & Molecular Clock Hypothesis

6. Rates of Evolution: Punctuated Equilibrium & Molecular Clock Hypothesis

In general, evolution is a very long process. But rates of evolution can be different for different organisms. In this video lesson, you will identify how scientists study rates of evolution and fill in some of the missing 'steps' in the fossil record.

Speciation: Allopatric and Sympatric Speciation

7. Speciation: Allopatric and Sympatric Speciation

Discover the definition of a species and learn more about how species split. Find out common terms related to the splitting of species and study what role polyploidy plays in the development of a species.

Prezygotic Reproductive Barriers & Speciation: Definition & Examples

8. Prezygotic Reproductive Barriers & Speciation: Definition & Examples

We may take for granted why animals choose to mate with other animals of similar appearance, but it's not that simple. There are actually biological barriers to reproduction that can prevent even seemingly closely related species from reproducing. This lesson looks at one such category of hindrances, prezygotic barriers, which make fertilization impossible.

Postzygotic Reproductive Barriers: Definition & Examples

9. Postzygotic Reproductive Barriers: Definition & Examples

Do flying hamsters represent a separate species from your run-of-the-mill hamsters? We'll get to the bottom of this by performing crosses between the two hamster types. You'll explore postzygotic reproductive barriers and their possibly tragic consequences.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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