About This Chapter
How It Works:
- Identify the lessons in the Holt McDougal Chemical Bonding chapter with which you need help.
- Find the corresponding video lessons within this companion course chapter.
- Watch fun videos that cover the chemical bonding topics you need to learn or review.
- Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
- If you need additional help, rewatch the videos until you've mastered the material or submit a question for one of our instructors.
Students will learn:
- The meaning of covalent bonds
- The relationship between covalent bonds and electron shells
- Lewis structures of atoms and the octet rule
- Showing single, double and triple bonds using lines
- The formation and composition of ionic compounds
- Definition of ionic bonds
- What lattice energy is
- Lewis dot structures
- Metallic bonding
- Molecule shapes and the VSEPR theory
- The shapes of electron orbitals
- Types of intermolecular forces
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1. Covalent Bonds: Predicting Bond Polarity and Ionic Character
Learn about covalent bonds and their two types: nonpolar covalent bonds and polar covalent bonds. Discover how to predict the type of bond that will form based on the periodic table. Learn what ionic character means and how to determine it.
2. Covalent Bonding and Electron Shells: Definitions, Relationship & the Octet Rule
Learn about the different electron shells of atoms as well as the octet rule for valence electrons and how that applies to covalent bonding. Discover the definition of covalent bonding and the relationships between atoms.
3. The Octet Rule and Lewis Structures of Atoms
Learn the octet rule and how it applies to electron energy levels. Identify valence electrons and learn how to determine them by looking at the periodic table. Also, discover how they pertain to the octet rule. Learn how to draw the Lewis diagram of an atom, and understand how it provides clues to chemical bonding.
4. Lewis Structures: Single, Double & Triple Bonds
Review what a Lewis dot diagram is and discover how to draw a Lewis dot structural formula for compounds. Learn how to represent single, double and triple bonds with lines instead of dots. Also, learn how compounds arrange themselves.
5. Ionic Bonds: Definitions and Examples
Did you know that when atoms stick together to form molecules, they gain and lose electrons, making them negatively or positively charged? In this lesson, you will learn how cations and anions form one type of chemical bond called an ionic bond.
6. What Are Ionic Compounds? - Definition, Examples & Reactions
Ionic compounds are a common, yet special type of chemical compound. In this video lesson, you will learn about their formation and structure and see examples of compounds formed by ions.
7. Ionic Compounds: Formation, Lattice Energy and Properties
In this lesson, you'll learn about ionic compounds and how they form. Additionally, you'll learn the properties of ionic compounds, such as their high melting and boiling points, their ability to conduct electricity, and the fact that they form crystals.
8. Lewis Dot Structures: Polyatomic Ions
This lesson defines Lewis dot structures and explains how to draw them for molecules in step-by-step detail. We'll also explore polyatomic ions and how to draw Lewis dot structures for them.
9. Metallic Bonding: The Electron-Sea Model & Why Metals Are Good Electrical Conductors
Learn why metallic bonding is called the electron sea model. Discover why metals bond the way they do and why they are shiny, malleable and conduct electricity well.
10. VSEPR Theory & Molecule Shapes
In this lesson, you'll learn about the VSEPR theory and how it can be used to explain molecule shapes. Then, learn how to predict the shape of a molecule by applying the VSEPR theory to the Lewis dot structure.
11. Hydrogen Bonding, Dipole-Dipole & Ion-Dipole Forces: Strong Intermolecular Forces
Learn about intermolecular vs. intramolecular forces. Learn the different intermolecular bonds (including hydrogen bonding and dipole-dipole and ion-dipole forces), their strengths, and their effects on properties, such as boiling and melting points, solubility, and evaporation.
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Other chapters within the Holt McDougal Modern Chemistry: Online Textbook Help course
- Holt McDougal Modern Chemistry Chapter 1: Matter and Change
- Holt McDougal Modern Chemistry Chapter 2: Measurements and Calculations
- Holt McDougal Modern Chemistry Chapter 3: Atoms: The Building Blocks of Matter
- Holt McDougal Modern Chemistry Chapter 4: Arrangement of Electrons in Atoms
- Holt McDougal Modern Chemistry Chapter 5: The Periodic Law
- Holt McDougal Modern Chemistry Chapter 7: Chemical Formulas and Chemical Compounds
- Holt McDougal Modern Chemistry Chapter 8: Chemical Equations and Reactions
- Holt McDougal Modern Chemistry Chapter 9: Stoichiometry
- Holt McDougal Modern Chemistry Chapter 10: States of Matter
- Holt McDougal Modern Chemistry Chapter 11: Gases
- Holt McDougal Modern Chemistry Chapter 12: Solutions
- Holt McDougal Modern Chemistry Chapter 13: Ions in Aqueous Solutions and Colligative Properties
- Holt McDougal Modern Chemistry Chapter 14: Acids and Bases
- Holt McDougal Modern Chemistry Chapter 15: Acid-Base Titration and pH
- Holt McDougal Modern Chemistry Chapter 16: Reaction Energy
- Holt McDougal Modern Chemistry Chapter 17: Reaction Kinetics
- Holt McDougal Modern Chemistry Chapter 18: Chemical Equilibrium
- Holt McDougal Modern Chemistry Chapter 19: Oxidation and Reduction Reactions
- Holt McDougal Modern Chemistry Chapter 20: Introduction to Electrochemistry
- Holt McDougal Modern Chemistry Chapter 21: Nuclear Chemistry
- Holt McDougal Modern Chemistry Chapter 22: Organic Chemistry
- Holt McDougal Modern Chemistry Chapter 23: Biological Chemistry