About This Chapter
How It Works:
- Identify the lessons in the Holt Infancy & Childhood chapter with which you need help.
- Find the corresponding video lessons with this companion course chapter.
- Watch fun videos that cover the infancy and childhood topics you need to learn or review.
- Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
- If you need additional help, rewatch the videos until you've mastered the material or submit a question for one of our instructors.
Students will learn:
- Maturation and the stages of life
- Creativity and intelligence in infants
- Developmental continuity and discontinuity
- Defining physical development
- Reflexes in newborn infants
- Sensory, motor and brain development by age two
- Parent-infant attachment
- Types and styles of attachment
- Impact of parenting styles on learners
- The impact of abuse and neglect
- Child social development
- Contributions of Piaget, Kohlberg and Gilligan
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1. Overview of Life Span Developmental Psychology
Developmental psychology studies the way people change and grow. In this lesson, we'll look at the principles of how people develop across the life span, including multidimensionality, multidirectionality, and plasticity.
2. What is Maturation? - Definition, Theory & Process
Maturation refers to the ways in which we grow and develop throughout the lifespan. This lesson will discuss the various types of maturation, as well as an associated theory.
3. Infant Creativity and Intelligence
How is infant intelligence measured? In this lesson, you'll learn to recognize common measures of infant intelligence as well as what information these measures can provide.
4. Continuity and Discontinuity in Development
Do people grow and change slowly over time, or do they make sudden steps forward into new phases in their lives? In this lesson, we'll examine the continuity and discontinuity theories of developmental psychology.
5. What Is Physical Development? - Definition and Examples
Everyone grows and changes throughout their lives. In this lesson, we'll look at some important times in physical development, including childhood and old age, and how physical development contributes to other types of development.
6. Identifying the Reflexes of Newborns
Reflexes allow babies to survive the first few years of life. In this lesson, we'll look at some of the major reflexes of infants, including those that indicate a healthy nervous system response and those designed to help a baby feed itself.
7. Motor, Sensory & Brain Development in the First Two Years of Life
Babies grow and change so much in the first two years of life, and many of those changes are directly tied to the brain and its key functions. In this lesson, we'll look at brain, motor and sensory development in infants.
8. Infant Attachment Theory: 4 Stages of Parent-Infant Attachment
Relationships with others play a large role in our lives. These relationships start from birth and continue to develop through adulthood. This lesson will describe the stages of parent-infant attachment, define types of attachment anxiety experienced by infants and discuss the debate over which forms stronger attachments: food or comfort.
9. Attachment Styles: Positive/Negative, Fearful, Secure & More
Attachment and relationships between two people are established at birth and continue through adulthood. The attachment between two adults is no less important than the attachment between a parent and infant. This lesson will explore the attachment styles of adults and similarities between infant-parent attachment styles.
10. Impact of Parenting Styles on Different Styles of Learners
When you got in trouble as a child, how did your parents react? This lesson covers four different parenting styles identified in educational psychology, including authoritarian, authoritative, indulgent, and neglecting. Typical results from each parenting style are discussed in terms of children's behaviors, as well as application of the styles in a classroom environment.
11. The Impact of Abuse and Neglect on Child Growth & Development
A healthy family relationship can contribute positively to the growth and development of a child. Unfortunately, unhealthy and abusive relationships do occur. This lesson will describe characteristics of abusers and the impact of abuse on a child's growth and development.
12. Social Development of Children: Self-Esteem
The social development of children has a strong influence on self-esteem. In this lesson, we will explore the way children feel about themselves and look into several ways caretakers can improve a child's self-esteem.
13. Jean Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development
Jean Piaget developed a theory of cognitive development that described and explained the changes in logical thinking of children and adolescents. Within that theory, he identified four stages of cognitive development through which all learners must proceed. This lesson will introduce you to and differentiate between those stages.
14. Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development
How do people learn to make morally sound decisions? To illustrate Kohlberg's levels of moral development, we'll follow Lauren as she makes difficult decisions.
15. Carol Gilligan's Theory of Moral Development
How does one choose between right and wrong? Are there differences in moral development based on gender? Psychologist Carol Gilligan proposed a theory that highlights the differences between male and female moral development.
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Other chapters within the Holt Psychology Principles in Practice: Online Textbook Help course
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 1: What is Psychology?
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 2: Psychological Methods
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 3: Biology & Behavior
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 4: Sensation & Perception
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 5: Consciousness
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 6: Learning & Cognition
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 7: Memory
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 8: Thinking & Language
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 9: Intelligence
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 11: Adolescence
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 12: Adulthood
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 12: Adulthood - Death & Dying
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 13: Motivation & Emotion
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 14: Theories of Personality
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 15: Psychological Tests
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 16: Gender Roles
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 17: Stress & Health
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 18: Psychological Disorders
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 19: Methods of Therapy
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 20: Social Cognition
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 21: Social Interaction