About This Chapter
How It Works:
- Identify the lessons in the Holt Social Interaction chapter with which you need help.
- Find the corresponding video lessons with this companion course chapter.
- Watch fun videos that cover the social interaction topics you need to learn or review.
- Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
- If you need additional help, rewatch the videos until you've mastered the material or submit a question for one of our instructors.
Students will learn:
- Functioning in groups, social loafing and facilitation
- Decision-making in groups and polarization
- Types of leadership styles
- Definition of social conformity
- Social norms throughout life
- Conformity, obedience and authority
- Definition of the foot-in-the-door technique
- Altruism and prosocial behavior
- Aggression and catharsis
- Effect of positive and negative states of mind on behavior
- Murder of Kitty Genovese and the bystander effect
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1. Social Loafing & Social Facilitation: Definition and Effects of Groups
Do you prefer to work in a group or by yourself? Why? Working in a group certainly has a number of advantages and disadvantages. In this lesson, we discuss three phenomena that can occur as a result of working in groups: groupthink, social loafing, and social facilitation.
2. Social Decision Schemes: Types & Examples
How do we make group decisions? Group work can be hard, but psychologists have identified common ways for groups to reach decisions. In this lesson, we'll examine social decision schemes and see how they work.
3. Group Polarization in Group Decision Making
Group polarization focuses on how groups usually make decisions that are more extreme than the original thoughts and views of the individual team members. There are two main reasons why group polarization happens within an organization.
4. Leadership Styles and Types: Authoritarian, Laissez-Faire & Democratic
Most of us are members of many different social groups, and several of those groups have leaders. In this lesson, we define and discuss both instrumental and expressive leadership in groups. We also cover three leadership decision-making styles: authoritarian, democratic, and laissez-faire.
5. Social Conformity Definition: Normative vs. Informational
Social conformity and obedience are two very powerful phenomenons in human behavior and sociology. In this lesson, we discuss the two types of social conformity and differentiate between conformity and obedience. We also discuss two famous experiments by Solomon Asch and Stanley Milgram.
6. What Are Social Norms? Definition & Examples in Infants, Children & Adults
In this lesson, you will gain an understanding of social norms and define related terms. You will also examine the effects of social norms in infants, children, adolescents, and adults.
7. Obedience & Authority in Psychology: Stanley Milgram's Experiment
What types of social situations make it more likely that we'll obey authority? You'll observe Milgram's electric shock experiment and what it revealed about the relationship between obedience and authority.
8. Conformity: Social Pressure, Solomon Asch & Cultural Influence
Why do we conform? How do factors like group size and social status affect the likelihood of conformity? In this lesson, you'll explore two types of conformity.
9. Foot-in-the-Door Technique: Definition, Effect & Examples
Have you ever agreed to a small request, only to later find yourself agreeing to a larger request from the same person? If so, you may have been a victim of the foot-in-the-door technique. Learn more about the foot-in-the-door technique from examples and test your knowledge with a quiz.
10. Aggression: Origins, Theories & Differences
What roles do nature and nurture play in aggressive tendencies? You'll explore origins of aggression and how acceptance of this behavior may differ among societies.
11. What is Altruism in Social Psychology? - Origins & Social Influence
Why do we help others, and when do we decide not to help others? In this lesson, you'll take a look at the biological and social motivation behind altruism.
12. Catharsis and Aggression in Social Psychology: Definition & Examples
You might think that venting when you're angry helps you blow off steam. But, does aggression really lead to catharsis, or just to more aggression? In this lesson, we'll look at the link between catharsis and aggression, including a famous study on the effects of violence on aggressive feelings.
13. Altruism and Prosocial Behavior: Definition & Predictors
Prosocial behavior is any action intended to help others. One motivation for prosocial behavior is altruism, or the desire to help others with no expectation of reward. In this lesson, we explore prosocial behavior and the elements that social psychologists have identified as predicting it.
14. How Positive Moods and Negative State Relief Affect Prosocial Behavior
Your mood, good or bad, affects whether you are willing to engage in prosocial behavior. In this lesson, we look at how and why mood can determine whether people help others.
15. Defining the Bystander Effect: Kitty Genovese Murder & Research by Latane and Darley
In 1964, Kitty Genovese was murdered outside her New York apartment building. Some of her neighbors heard her screams but didn't call for help. This lesson explains the social phenomenon known as the bystander effect, which helps to explain why Genovese's neighbors didn't help her.
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Other chapters within the Holt Psychology Principles in Practice: Online Textbook Help course
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 1: What is Psychology?
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 2: Psychological Methods
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 3: Biology & Behavior
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 4: Sensation & Perception
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 5: Consciousness
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 6: Learning & Cognition
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 7: Memory
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 8: Thinking & Language
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 9: Intelligence
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 10: Infancy & Childhood
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 11: Adolescence
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 12: Adulthood
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 12: Adulthood - Death & Dying
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 13: Motivation & Emotion
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 14: Theories of Personality
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 15: Psychological Tests
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 16: Gender Roles
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 17: Stress & Health
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 18: Psychological Disorders
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 19: Methods of Therapy
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 20: Social Cognition