About This Chapter
How It Works:
- Identify the lessons in the Holt Thinking & Language chapter with which you need help.
- Find the corresponding video lessons with this companion course chapter.
- Watch fun videos that cover the thinking and language topics you need to learn or review.
- Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
- If you need additional help, rewatch the videos until you've mastered the material or submit a question for one of our instructors.
Students will learn:
- The basic units of thought
- Examples and definition of convergent thinking
- Metacognitive and problem-solving strategies
- Functional fixedness and how to overcome it
- Deductive and inductive reasoning
- Kinds of heuristics
- Linguistics and language development stages
- Language acquisition and bilingualism
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1. Basic Elements of Thinking: Symbols, Concepts & Prototypes
When you're thinking about something, what are you really doing in your mind? In this lesson, we will discuss how symbols, concepts, and prototypes are part of the way you think about things.
2. Convergent Thinking: Definition & Examples
Convergent thinking is a term used to describe the process of finding a single best solution to a problem. Learn about convergent thinking, how it differs from divergent thinking, and more.
3. Metacognitive Strategies: Definition & Examples
This lesson will define and explain in detail what metacognitive strategies are and how they can be used in the classroom to help deepen students' thinking about content and develop students who are ready and willing to tackle new content.
4. Types of Problems & Problem Solving Strategies
We solve hundreds of small problems everyday. This lesson covers different types of problems, such as routine vs. non-routine, and many of the different problem-solving strategies we use, including algorithms, heuristics, graphic representations and the IDEAL Strategy.
5. Problem Solving Methods: Definition & Types
There's more than one way to solve a problem. In this lesson, we'll review the five most common methods: trial and error, difference reduction, means-ends analysis, working backwards, and analogies.
6. Functional Fixedness in Psychology: Definition & Examples
How does looking at a coin or a box of matches demonstrate the inability to think creatively? In this lesson, we'll examine functional fixedness, a cognitive bias that can prevent creative thinking and problem-solving, and discuss ways to overcome it.
7. Overcoming Functional Fixedness with Creativity
Functional fixedness is one of the great roadblocks to innovation. In this lesson, we are going to define this term and explore some ways to overcome it.
8. What Is Inductive Reasoning? - Examples & Definition
In this lesson, you will learn to define inductive reasoning. Following the lesson, you will have the opportunity to test your knowledge with a short quiz.
9. Deductive Reasoning: Examples & Definition
Deductive reasoning involves drawing conclusions from specific statements called premises. Learn more about deductive reasoning and test your knowledge with a quiz.
10. Types of Heuristics: Availability, Representativeness & Base-Rate
Did you know that our brain uses strategies to process information and draw conclusions? Although we're able to reach conclusions through these mental strategies, sometimes, our reasoning can be off. Read on to discover how our brain draws these conclusions and why they can be wrong.
11. Language Acquisition: Definition, Theories & Stages
Have you ever wondered how humans are able to learn, process, comprehend and speak a language? In this lesson on language acquisition, we'll take a look at some distinctions between languages and learn how babies come to understand and speak a language.
12. Linguistics: Language Development in Children
How does a baby's babble turn into intelligible speech? Are there underlining innate traits that drive language development in children? Or is it the social interaction with others that encourages language development? This lesson will explore these questions and discuss how aspects of language change over time.
13. What Is Language?
Have you ever wondered how human language is constructed to form meaning? Why is language more complex than animal calls? In this lesson, we'll take a look at the basic units language and learn how meaning is formed.
14. Stages of Language Development: Pre-Linguistic and Symbolic Language
How does language expression emerge in children? Learn about the development of syntax in children through the pre-linguistic and linguistic stages of language development in this lesson.
15. Language Acquisition: Benefits of Bilingualism
Does it pay to be bilingual? This has been a controversial topic for over a century, and in this lesson, we will explore modern research on the benefits of bilingualism.
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Other chapters within the Holt Psychology Principles in Practice: Online Textbook Help course
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 1: What is Psychology?
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 2: Psychological Methods
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 3: Biology & Behavior
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 4: Sensation & Perception
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 5: Consciousness
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 6: Learning & Cognition
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 7: Memory
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 9: Intelligence
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 10: Infancy & Childhood
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 11: Adolescence
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 12: Adulthood
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 12: Adulthood - Death & Dying
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 13: Motivation & Emotion
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 14: Theories of Personality
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 15: Psychological Tests
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 16: Gender Roles
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 17: Stress & Health
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 18: Psychological Disorders
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 19: Methods of Therapy
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 20: Social Cognition
- Holt Psychology - Principles in Practice Chapter 21: Social Interaction