About This Chapter
How It Works:
- Identify the lessons in Holt United States History's The Civil War (1861-1865) chapter with which you need help.
- Find the corresponding video lessons within this companion course chapter.
- Watch fun videos that cover the Civil War topics you need to learn or review.
- Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
- If you need additional help, rewatch the videos until you've mastered the material or submit a question for one of our instructors.
Students Will Learn:
- How the war began at Fort Sumter
- A comparison of Union versus Confederate
- Significance of Bull Run, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and Vicksburg
- Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation and Gettysburg Address
- War's effects on society, economy and everyday life in the North and the South
- The role of African Americans in the Civil War
- Sherman's March to the Sea
- The politics and election of 1864
- Lee's surrender at Appomattox Courthouse
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1. The Battle of Fort Sumter & the Start of the Civil War
South Carolina's attack on a U.S. military outpost triggered the American Civil War. Learn more about the Battle of Fort Sumter and the consequences of the fort's surrender to the Confederacy.
2. Civil War Begins: Northern and Southern Advantages Compared
At the outbreak of the American Civil War, both the North and South believed the conflict would be over quickly. But advantages for both the Confederacy and the Union meant a prolonged war between the states. In this lesson, discover some of the advantages that the North and South had.
3. The First Battle of Bull Run: Civil War Blood is Shed
Three months after the bombardment of Fort Sumter, Northern troops attacked Southern forces near the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia. The first Battle of Bull Run (or Manassas) was the first major engagement of the Civil War and a terrifying defeat for the Union spectators who came to watch.
4. Key Civil War Battles in 1862: Monitor and Merrimac, Antietam, New Orleans & Shiloh
In 1862, the Union put its Anaconda Plan into action, resulting in several critical events: the Peninsular Campaign, the Battle of Hampton Roads between the ironclads Monitor and Virginia (Merrimack), the Battle of Shiloh, the capture of New Orleans, and the Battle of Antietam.
5. The Fight for the Mississippi River in 1862: Summary & History
The Mississippi River was key to defeating the Confederacy in the Civil War. Union forces made great strides at controlling the river in 1862, achieving success at places such as Island Number Ten, Memphis, and New Orleans. Learn about the fight for the Mississippi River in this lesson.
6. Control of the Mississippi: the Fall of Vicksburg and Capture of Port Hudson
In this lesson, we will hear the story of the fall of Vicksburg and the capture of Port Hudson. Vicksburg and Port Hudson were Confederate strongholds on the Mississippi River, and as we shall see, the Union had a difficult time bringing them under federal control.
7. The Emancipation Proclamation: Creation, Context and Legacy
On January 1, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation went into effect. More than three million slaves in the South were freed, but the move was not without its critics, both then and now.
8. Civilian Reaction in the Confederacy to the War: The Impact on Daily Life & the Economy
In this lesson, we will study the Confederate home front. We will examine how the Civil War affected the South's government, economy, and social fabric, and we will see how the Southerners faced destruction and displacement throughout the war.
9. How the Civil War Affected the Economy and Everyday Life in the North and South
With the strongest and most productive demographic of society away fighting in the Civil War, the task of running homes, communities, and the nation fell to those who stayed behind. The war on the home front changed their lives forever.
10. African Americans in the Civil War: History & Facts
In this lesson, we will explore the experiences of African Americans during the Civil War. Some of them were slaves; others were free. Some were 'contraband' runaways; others were soldiers. Together, they contributed greatly to Civil War history.
11. Civil War Turning Points: Chancellorsville, Gettysburg and Vicksburg
In 1863, three events proved to be turning points for the American Civil War: the Battle of Chancellorsville, the Battle of Gettysburg and the Siege of Vicksburg. Learn about these Civil War turning points in this lesson.
12. Gettysburg Address: Summary & Analysis
This lesson discusses the Gettysburg Address, one of the most famous speeches in American history. Learn more about what Abraham Lincoln's speech means and test your knowledge with a quiz.
13. Sherman's March to the Sea
In 1864, General William T. Sherman began his Atlanta campaign. His success assured Lincoln's re-election in 1864. Sherman then began his destructive March to the Sea in order to capture Savannah.
14. The Politics of 1864: President Abraham Lincoln is Re-Elected
In this lesson, we will explore the turbulent political landscape of 1864, focusing especially on that year's presidential campaign that pitted incumbent Abraham Lincoln against General George McClellan.
15. General Robert E. Lee's Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse: Terms & Conditions
In this lesson, we will explore the events leading up to Confederate General Robert E. Lee's surrender to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House on April 9th, 1865.
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Other chapters within the Holt United States History: Online Textbook Help course
- Holt United States History Chapter 1: The World Before the Opening of the Atlantic (Beginnings to 1500)
- Holt United States History Chapter 2: New Empires in the Americas (1400-1750)
- Holt United States History Chapter 3: The English Colonies (1605-1774)
- Holt United States History Chapter 4: The American Revolution (1774-1783)
- Holt United States History Chapter 5: Forming a Government (1777-1791)
- Holt United States History Chapter 6: Citizenship & the Constitution (1787-Present)
- Holt United States History Chapter 7: Launching the Nation (1789-1800)
- Holt United States History Chapter 8: The Jefferson Era (1800-1815)
- Holt United States History Chapter 9: A New National Identity (1812-1830)
- Holt United States History Chapter 10: The Age of Jackson (1828-1840)
- Holt United States History Chapter 11: Expanding West (1800-1855)
- Holt United States History Chapter 12: The North (1790-1860)
- Holt United States History Chapter 13: The South (1790-1860)
- Holt United States History Chapter 14: New Movements in America (1815-1850)
- Holt United States History Chapter 15: A Divided Nation (1848-1860)
- Holt United States History Chapter 17: Reconstruction (1865-1877)
- Holt United States History Chapter 18: Americans Move West (1850-1890)
- Holt United States History Chapter 19: The Industrial Age (1876-1900)
- Holt United States History Chapter 20: Immigrants & Urban Life (1872-1914)
- Holt United States History Chapter 21: The Progressive Spirit of Reform (1868-1920)
- Holt United States History Chapter 22: America As a World Power (1867-1920)