About This Chapter
How it works:
- Find the lesson within this chapter that corresponds to what you're studying in the English Colonies chapter of your textbook.
- Watch fun videos that cover the historical concepts you need to learn or review.
- Complete the quiz after watching each video lesson to test your understanding.
- If you need additional help, rewatch the videos until you've mastered the material, or submit a question for one of our instructors.
You'll learn all of the history topics covered in the textbook chapter, including:
- Jamestown colony
- The southern colonies and Bacon's Rebellion
- Sailing the Mayflower to Plymouth Rock
- Settling the New England colonies
- Puritans: where and how they lived
- Education in colonial America
- New York, Delaware, New Jersey and Pennsylvania: the middle colonies
- Living and working in colonial America
- A changing Europe affects the colonies
- Religion in the colonies: awakening and enlightenment
- The French and Indian War
- Acts and rebellion: Sugar Act, Stamp Act and taxes
- A massacre and a tea party in Boston
- The first Continental Congress
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1. The Settlement of Jamestown Colony
In 1607, the London Company settled the colony of Jamestown. The settlers overcame many odds to become the first permanent, English settlement in North America. In this lesson, learn about the failures and successes of Jamestown before it was taken over by the Crown.
2. The Southern Colonies: Settlement and Growth
What led to the use of slavery and the creation of different colonies? In this lesson, learn about the unique purposes and patterns of settlement, growth and society in the southern colonies (Virginia, Maryland, the Carolinas, and Georgia).
3. The Mayflower and the Plymouth Rock Settlement
Find out how much you know about the Pilgrims and their voyage. In this lesson, you'll learn about the misplaced Plymouth Colony, its escaped indentured servants, and the Wampanoag Indians who saved their lives.
4. The Puritans and the Founding of the New England Colonies
Learn about the people and motives that led to the founding of Massachusetts Bay Colony, as well as the growth and internal dissent that led to the establishment of Rhode Island, Connecticut and New Hampshire.
5. Women in Puritan Society: Roles & Rights
Discover the roles and rights of women in Puritan society. Learn about the benefits and limitations of the Massachusetts Bay Colony founded by the Puritans and meet famous Puritan women like Anne Hutchinson and Anne Bradstreet.
6. Education in Colonial America
Early America was very different from the America we know today. Among other differences, children were educated in ways that would seem foreign to us today. In this lesson, we'll examine education during the colonial period.
7. The Middle Colonies: New York, Delaware, New Jersey & Pennsylvania
Learn about the unique identity and diversity of the middle colonies that led America to be called a melting pot. English control of the middle colonies began with the takeover of New Netherland, from which all of the other middle colonies can trace their beginnings.
8. The 13 Colonies: Life in Early America
What was it like to live in America during the colonial period? Just like today, it depended where you were. Learn about the factors that categorized all of the American colonies, as well as the differences between the northern, middle and southern colonies.
9. The 13 Colonies: Developing Economy & Overseas Trade
England's intention had always been for the colonies to make them rich. The plan worked, but it became more difficult for England to make sure things stayed that way. And even with regulation, the colonies prospered, too.
10. The 13 Colonies: World Events that Influenced Colonial America
How come New York seems like part of the Northeast instead of a Middle colony? Where did the Amish come from? What gave colonists the idea that they had a right to representation when there was a king? What's the difference between England and Great Britain? If these were English colonies, how come so many Americans say they have Scottish or Scots-Irish ancestry? This lesson answers these questions and other mysteries of American history.
11. The First Great Awakening: Religious Revival and American Independence
While the Enlightenment was shaping the minds of 18th-century colonists, another movement, the First Great Awakening, was shaping their hearts. With freedom of conscience at its core, the Awakening led Americans to break with religious traditions and seek out their own beliefs while sharing common values.
12. The Enlightenment Thinkers & Their Ideas
In this lesson, we discuss the varied and diverse 18th-century intellectual movement known as the Enlightenment. In addition to exploring its background and nature, we highlight several of the era's chief philosophers and their ideas.
13. The French and Indian War: Causes, Effects & Summary
In the mid-1700s, the Seven Years' War involved all of the world's major colonial powers on five continents. The biggest fight was between France and Great Britain, and the victor would come away with control of North America.
14. Sons of Liberty: Resistance to the Stamp Act and British Rule
In 1763, British Prime Minister George Grenville passed new legislation aimed at solving some of the empire's problems stemming from the French and Indian War. The colonists cried, 'Taxation without representation is tyranny!' They organized boycotts, the Sons of Liberty and the Stamp Act Congress until some of the new taxes were lifted.
15. Boston Massacre: Colonists and the Declaratory and Townshend Acts
After overturning the hated Stamp Act, Parliament asserted its right to tax the colonists without representation by passing the Declaratory Act. When the Townshend Acts imposed import duties, the colonists went into action again. An escalating cycle of violence ended with the Boston Massacre, resulting in the cancellation of all duties except the one on tea.
16. The Boston Tea Party, Intolerable Acts & First Continental Congress
Three years of calm followed the Boston Massacre and the repeal of most Townshend duties. But no sooner had Parliament passed a new tax on tea than the colonies were in an uproar again about taxation without representation. What followed were the Boston Tea Party and the fateful last steps leading to war.
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Other chapters within the Holt United States History: Online Textbook Help course
- Holt United States History Chapter 1: The World Before the Opening of the Atlantic (Beginnings to 1500)
- Holt United States History Chapter 2: New Empires in the Americas (1400-1750)
- Holt United States History Chapter 4: The American Revolution (1774-1783)
- Holt United States History Chapter 5: Forming a Government (1777-1791)
- Holt United States History Chapter 6: Citizenship & the Constitution (1787-Present)
- Holt United States History Chapter 7: Launching the Nation (1789-1800)
- Holt United States History Chapter 8: The Jefferson Era (1800-1815)
- Holt United States History Chapter 9: A New National Identity (1812-1830)
- Holt United States History Chapter 10: The Age of Jackson (1828-1840)
- Holt United States History Chapter 11: Expanding West (1800-1855)
- Holt United States History Chapter 12: The North (1790-1860)
- Holt United States History Chapter 13: The South (1790-1860)
- Holt United States History Chapter 14: New Movements in America (1815-1850)
- Holt United States History Chapter 15: A Divided Nation (1848-1860)
- Holt United States History Chapter 16: The Civil War (1861-1865)
- Holt United States History Chapter 17: Reconstruction (1865-1877)
- Holt United States History Chapter 18: Americans Move West (1850-1890)
- Holt United States History Chapter 19: The Industrial Age (1876-1900)
- Holt United States History Chapter 20: Immigrants & Urban Life (1872-1914)
- Holt United States History Chapter 21: The Progressive Spirit of Reform (1868-1920)
- Holt United States History Chapter 22: America As a World Power (1867-1920)