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Ch 2: Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 2: The Ancient Near East

About This Chapter

The Ancient Near East chapter of this Holt World History - Human Legacy Companion Course helps students learn the essential lessons associated with the history of the ancient Near East. Each of these simple and fun video lessons is about five minutes long and is sequenced to align with the Ancient Near East textbook chapter.

How It Works:

  • Identify the lessons in the Holt Ancient Near East chapter with which you need help.
  • Find the corresponding video lessons with this companion course chapter.
  • Watch fun videos that cover the ancient Near East history topics you need to learn or review.
  • Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
  • If you need additional help, rewatch the videos until you've mastered the material or submit a question for one of our instructors.

Students will learn about:

  • Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent
  • Sumerian art, architecture and culture
  • Post-Sumerian cultures
  • The history of the alphabet
  • Iron Age empires and religions

Holt is a registered trademark of Holt, Rinehart and Winston, which is not affiliated with Study.com.

9 Lessons in Chapter 2: Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 2: The Ancient Near East
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Fertile Crescent: Cradle of Civilization

1. The Fertile Crescent: Cradle of Civilization

Complex civilization wasn't always the norm. In this lesson, we are going to check out the origins of civilization as we know it, and see where, when, and how this new system of living first began.

Sumerian Art and Architecture

2. Sumerian Art and Architecture

This lesson explores the artwork of one of the earliest civilizations: the Sumerians. Sumerians created beautiful works of art that inspired other cultures for centuries after their decline.

Religions of Sumer and Akkad: Definition & History

3. Religions of Sumer and Akkad: Definition & History

This lesson will explore the religion of ancient Sumer and its Akkadian empire. In doing this, it will highlight the Sumerian pantheon, their ziggurats, and their belief in the afterlife.

Heirs of the Sumerians: Babylonians, Hittites, Hurrians and Assyrians

4. Heirs of the Sumerians: Babylonians, Hittites, Hurrians and Assyrians

This lecture covers the history of Mesopotamia from the disintegration of the Sumerian Empire to the great Bronze Age collapse. We'll explore the destructive force of the Elamites and the Hittites as well as the imperial ambitions of the Babylonians, the Mittani and the Assyrians.

Assyrian Art and Architecture

5. Assyrian Art and Architecture

This lesson explores the unique characteristics of a fierce and violent culture: the Assyrians. The Assyrians were a warrior culture living in ancient Mesopotamia who used art and architecture to display their power.

History of the Alphabet: From Cuneiform to Greek Writing

6. History of the Alphabet: From Cuneiform to Greek Writing

This lecture follows the development of writing, from the pictographs of proto-cuneiform to the symbolic phonemes of cuneiform and hieroglyphics. Then from the abjads of the Phoenecians, Minoans, Hebrews and Arabs to the complete alphabets of the Greeks. It explores the limitations and strengths of each development and draws modern parallels.

The Hebrews and Their Beliefs

7. The Hebrews and Their Beliefs

This lesson covers the Hebrews and their beliefs. We look at the core tenets of Judaism and explore some of the stories from the Torah. Finally, we see how the Hebrews' history of oppression impacted their religion and the world today.

Iron Age Empires: Neo-Babylonian, Neo-Assyrian and Persian Empires

8. Iron Age Empires: Neo-Babylonian, Neo-Assyrian and Persian Empires

This lesson is a survey of the three empires that emerged after the Bronze Age collapse. Parts of the survey are viewed from the perspective of the Israelites, who found themselves the playthings of powerful empires. The lecture focuses on a few specific rulers and their impact on their empires. It also traces patterns of imperial tactics throughout this period and region.

Zoroastrianism: Definition, Beliefs & History

9. Zoroastrianism: Definition, Beliefs & History

Major religions, like Christianity and Islam, have been popular since ancient times, but what religion was popular before these belief systems developed? This lesson explores the beliefs of Zoroastrians, one of the earliest forms of organized religion.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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