About This Chapter
How It Works:
- Identify the lessons in the Holt Europe and North America chapter with which you need help.
- Find the corresponding video lessons with this companion course chapter.
- Watch fun videos that cover the history topics you need to learn or review.
- Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
- If you need additional help, rewatch the videos until you've mastered the material or submit a question for one of our instructors.
Students will learn about:
- Relations between the United States and the Soviet Union
- The descent of the Iron Curtain and the Soviet Union after the war
- Events of the Cold War and the history of NATO
- Post-war Europe
- United States roles in the Korean War
- The Nuclear Arms Race
- Presidencies of Eisenhower and Kennedy
- The Berlin Wall and space race
- The Cuban Revolution
- Student movement of the 60s and counterculture of the hippies
- The Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 1960s
- The political and economic reconstruction of Europe
- Independence movements that followed World War II
- Glasnost and Perestroika
- Events that led to the end of communism
- The end of the Cold War and the Soviet Union
- Yugoslavia after the war
- Ethnic warfare in the former Yugoslavia
- Origins of the Internet
- George W. Bush and the 9/11 terrorist attacks
- Election and policies of President Barack Obama
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1. Two Super Powers: The United States and the Soviet Union
In this lesson we will look at the role the United States and the Soviet Union played in post-1945 Europe. We will focus specifically on the influence of each super power and see how each state impacted developments in Europe.
2. Post-War Soviet Union & Eastern Europe: The Descent of the Iron Curtain
In this lesson, we will learn about some of the dynamic events that followed World War II in Eastern Europe. We will explore the descent of the Iron Curtain, and learn about the formation of the Eastern Bloc states.
3. The Cold War: Definition, Causes & Early Events
The period of distrust between the Soviet Union and United States was known as the Cold War. Learn about the origins of the era, essential events and the shaping of the national security state.
4. The Theory of Containment & the Birth of NATO
In this lesson, we explore the foreign policy of the U.S. and Western Europe directly after WWII. We will look at its theory of containment regarding communism, and the birth of NATO.
5. Post-War Europe: the Berlin Airlift & the Marshall Plan
In this lesson, we will learn about the Marshall Plan and the Berlin Airlift. We will examine the conditions in postwar Europe that resulted in these events, and we will understand why they are important.
6. United States Involvement in the Korean War: Causes and Effects
The Korean War was a short but bloody war with more than five million casualties. Find out what caused this deadly and destructive war, how the United States came to be involved and how the war affected Korea and its allies.
7. The Effects of the Nuclear Arms Race on Cold War Politics
In this lesson, we will examine the nuclear arms race between the United States and the Soviet Union that took place throughout the post-war era. We will learn why this arms race took place, and we will highlight key developments associated with it.
8. Dwight D. Eisenhower and the Cold War
President Dwight D. Eisenhower entered office during an amplified period of the Cold War. Learn about Eisenhower's domestic and foreign agenda in dealing with the Cold War during the 1950s.
9. Building and Tearing Down the Berlin Wall: History and Timeline
In this lesson, we explore the history of the Berlin Wall, from its beginnings as a makeshift barrier between East and West Berlin, to its final demise as communism fell across Eastern Europe in the late 1980s.
10. The Space Race: Definition, History & Timeline
In this lesson, we explore the 20th century's space race between the United States and the Soviet Union, where both superpowers competed to be the first in space and the first to reach the moon.
11. John F. Kennedy and the Cold War
Upon entering office in 1961, President John F. Kennedy was tasked with the challenge of maintaining the upper hand in the United States' battle against communism. Learn about Kennedy's successes and failures in handling the Cold War.
12. Communism and the Cuban Revolution: Castro, the Bay of Pigs & the Cuban Missile Crisis
In this lesson, we will examine the relationship between communism and the country of Cuba. We will focus specifically on the Cuban Revolution, Fidel Castro's rise to power, the Bay of Pigs Invasion, and the Cuban Missile Crisis.
13. The Student Movement of the 1960s
The societal disillusion felt by the younger generation of the 1950s was translated into a massive student movement during the 1960s. Learn about the formation of the movement, its campaigns and its inevitable end.
14. Hippies and the Counterculture: Origins, Beliefs and Legacy
The 1960s were a period of tension and turbulence for much of the U.S. The counterculture attempted to promote an alternative lifestyle that encouraged peace, love and freedom. Learn more about its origins, beliefs and legacy.
15. The Civil Rights Movement During the 1950s
The 1950s witnessed a rejuvenation of the civil rights movement. Learn about the transformation of the movement, its important events and the impact it had on the 1960s.
16. The Civil Rights Movement During the 1960s
The Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s was an extension of the progress made during the 1950s. Learn about the movement's landmark achievements, its fracturing and its legacies.
17. Economic Reconstruction in Europe After WWII: Recovery Programs & Their Effect
In this lesson, we explore the measures taken by the United States to aid its European allies in combating the severe economic depression in Europe immediately after World War II.
18. Political Reconstruction in Europe After WWII: History & Impact
In this lesson, we explore the political reconstruction of Europe in the years immediately following World War II and the splitting of Europe between capitalist and communist states.
19. Post-WWII Independence Movements Around the World: History & Examples
In this lesson, we explore the diverse and varied experience of decolonization in Asia, the Middle East, and Africa after World War II when Western Europe began to withdraw its claims to far away territory and colonies.
20. Gorbachev's Policies of Glasnost and Perestroika: Explanation and Significance
In this lesson, we will examine Mikhail Gorbachev's reform policies of glasnost and perestroika. We will learn what led to these developments and see how they impacted the Soviet Union.
21. The End of Communism in Eastern Europe: Events and Timeline
In this lesson, we explore the immediate aftermath of the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the fall of communism in Eastern Europe, where both political structures and economic models were left in limbo.
22. Fall of the Soviet Union and End of the Cold War: Causes & Timeline
In this lesson, we chart the reforms made by Russian premier Mikhail Gorbachev attempting to save the Soviet Union and the communist federation's eventual dissolution in 1991.
23. Post-war Yugoslavia: New Name, Government & Republics
In this lesson, we explore the rise of communism in Yugoslavia after the expulsion of the German invaders after WWII. We'll then look at its subsequent problems with ethnic violence and its eventual dissolution in the 1990s.
24. Ethnic Warfare in Former Yugoslavia: Events and Timeline
In this lesson we explore the breakup of the formerly communist state in the Balkans, Yugoslavia. In the 1990s, several Yugoslav states declared independence from the Serbian-dominated central government.
25. What is the History of the Internet? - Origins & Timeline
While the Internet has become an integral part of our daily lives, it is a relatively recent technology. Learn about the origins of the Internet, e-mail and the World Wide Web.
26. George W. Bush: the 9/11 Terrorist Attack & War on Terror
The September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States forced President George W. Bush to reappraise his foreign policy. Learn about the tragic day, the Bush Doctrine and the ensuing wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.
27. President Barack Obama: Election, Policies & Accomplishments
Barack Obama became the first African American President of the United States in 2009. Learn about his first term including his domestic and foreign initiatives, and his successes and failures.
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Other chapters within the Holt World History - Human Legacy: Online Textbook Help course
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 1: The Beginnings of Civilization
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 2: The Ancient Near East
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 3: Nile Civilizations
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 4: Ancient India & China
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 5: Classical Greece
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 6: Rome & Early Christianity
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 7: The Americas
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 8: Empires of China & India
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 9: Muslim Civilization
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 10: African Kingdoms
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 11: Cultures of East Asia
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 12: Kingdoms & Christianity
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 13: The Early Middle Ages
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 14: The High Middle Ages
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 15: Renaissance & Reformation
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 16: Exploration & Expansion
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 17: New Asian Empires
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 18: The Monarchs of Europe
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 19: Enlightenment & Revolution
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 20: The French Revolution & Napoleon
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 21: The Industrial Revolution
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 22: Life in the Industrial Age
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 23: Reforms, Revolutions & War
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 24: Nationalism in Europe
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 25: The Age of Imperialism
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 26: World War I
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 27: The Interwar Years
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 28: World War II
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 30: Asia
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 31: Africa & the Middle East
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 32: Latin America
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 33: Today's World
- Holt World History - Human Legacy: Case Study 1
- Holt World History - Human Legacy: Case Study 2
- Holt World History - Human Legacy: Case Study 3
- Holt World History - Human Legacy: Case Study 4