About This Chapter
How It Works:
- Find the lesson within this chapter that corresponds to what you're studying in the Classical Greece chapter of your textbook.
- Watch fun videos that cover the history and scientific concepts you need to learn or review.
- Complete the quiz after watching each video lesson to test your understanding.
- If you need additional help, rewatch the videos until you've mastered the material, or submit a question for one of our instructors.
You'll learn all of the history topics covered in the textbook chapter, including:
- Warfare in ancient Greece
- Greek city-states and governments
- History of Sparta
- The golden age of Athens
- Slavery in ancient Greece
- Ancient Greek philosophers
- Ancient Greek literature, theater and architecture
- Women of Greece
Holt World History is a registered trademark of Holt, Rinehart and Winston, which is not affiliated with Study.com.
1. The Minoans
This lesson explores Minoan civilization. Beginning with Arthur Evans' discoveries at Knossos, we move on to explore the mysteries of Minoan art and writing, as well as their mysterious decline in the 15th century BCE.
2. Bronze Age Greece: Schliemann's Quest for Troy
This lecture covers the history of Bronze Age Greece, beginning with the discovery of its greatest city, Mycenae, by Heinrich Schliemann, emphasizing that the quest to find these cities was inspired by works of classical literature. It then describes the architecture of Mycenae and some of the relics found there. Finally, the lesson examines the Mycenaean achievement and its place in Western history.
3. From Mycenae's Collapse to Greek Colonization
This lesson covers the history of Greece from the collapse of Mycenae to the start of Greek Colonization. We watch its dissolution during the Dorian Invasion and take a look at Greece in the Dark Ages.
4. Greek City-States and Governments
This is a lecture about Greek city states. It begins with an examination of the influence geography had on Greek politics, by comparing Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia. This is followed by a loose characterization of Greek poleis in general, with specific attention paid to constitutions, colonialism and competition.
5. Greek Myth and Religion
This lecture examines the troubles of generalizing Greek religion, before doing just that. It lists the major Olympian gods and their roles. It then explores the function of heroes in Greek religion. Next, the relationship between gods and men is laid out. Finally, it explores aspects of Greek myth that reemerge in Christianity.
6. Athenian Democracy: Solon and Cleisthenes
Although Athens is remembered for creating the first democracy, it took many years and multiple leaders to develop the system we think of today. Learn about who took control, what reforms they made and how the people revolted against the old system.
7. History of Sparta
In this lesson, you'll examine forces that shaped a Spartan society of elite warriors. We'll also explore the stratified caste system created by Lycurgus.
8. Birth of History: Herodotus' Persian War
This lecture begins with Herodotus' special place in history. It then looks at the miracle at Marathon and seeks to explain how it happened by comparing phalanx warfare to Persian warfare. Following that, we'll run through a brief summary of the rest of the war, with special attention drawn to Greek triremes.
9. Phalanx Warfare in Ancient Greece
This lecture compares phalanx warfare to its hit-and-run predecessors, drawing distinctions between hit-and-run skirmishing and decisive warfare. It examines the cultural, political, and geographical features of Greece that made phalanx warfare possible and necessary, and it describes the hoplite gear and mentality.
10. Pericles, the Delian League, and the Athenian Golden Age
This lecture covers the formation of the Delian League, its development into the Athenian Empire and the peculiar place of Pericles in the midst of it all, turning the city of Athens into the seat of an empire.
11. Peloponnesian War and Thucydides
This lecture covers the Peloponnesian War. First we enumerate the causes of the war. Then we examine Pericles' plan to win it. We see how Pericles' plan eventually fell apart and how the Athenians struggled without leadership until their eventual destruction at the hands of the Spartans.
12. Slavery in Ancient Greece
This lesson explores slavery in ancient Greece. We examine the various forms slavery took in Greece, comparing Spartan serfdom to Athenian chattel slavery. Finally, we enumerate the duties and rights of Athenian slaves.
13. The Birth of Philosophy: The Presocratics
This lecture covers the advent of philosophy. It first differentiates philosophy from religion, drawing parallels to modern science. It then establishes the basic questions of Presocratic philosophy: What is matter? and What causes change? The rest of the lecture demonstrates how these questions developed as they were tackled by generations of Presocratic philosophers. Finally, it makes plain our incredible debt to the Presocratics.
14. Socrates: Life, Death and Philosophy
This lecture is a whirlwind tour through the life of Socrates. It begins with an explanation of the Socratic problem, followed by an examination of his philosophy. The lecture ends with a summary of Socrates' legacy.
15. Platonic Idealism: Plato and His Influence
This lecture examines the philosophy and legacy of Plato. It covers the Allegory of the Cave, the Realm of Forms and Plato's views on politics and the soul. Finally, it shows Plato's enduring legacy in modern science.
16. Aristotelian Logic: Aristotle's Central Concepts and Influence
This lesson will explore the life of the famous philosopher Aristotle. It will highlight his life in Northern Greece and Athens, as well as his interactions with Alexander the Great. It will also explain the main tenants of Aristotelian logic.
17. The Iliad: Greek Epic
This lecture traces the history of Greek epics. It then examines the central themes of 'The Iliad': Xenia, Achilles' wrath, and his quest for immortality. The plot of 'The Iliad' is summarized and attention is drawn to themes from the Sumerian tradition.
18. The Odyssey: Greek Epic
This lecture provides a rough outline of the exploits of Odysseus in Homer's epic poem ''The Odyssey''. You'll learn plot details about this epic poem, in addition to hearing about how this important tale relates to Greek culture and literary works throughout history.
19. Greek Theatre: Tragedy and Comedy
This lecture examines the function of theatre in Greek culture and religion, with special focus on the Athenians. It then explores the three different sorts of Greek theatre: satyr plays, comedy and tragedy, citing specific examples. Finally, we study the impact of theatre on Western civilization.
20. Ancient Greek Architecture: Dorian, Ionic & Corinthian
This lecture discusses Greek architecture and its legacy. Enjoy our exploration of Greek columns, temples, stadiums, treasuries and theaters, and see why the Greeks might have reached the pinnacle of architectural achievement.
21. Women of Greece
The Greeks were one of the most progressive ancient civilizations, but that wasn't true in how they treated women. This lesson goes over facts about how women were treated and explains how the best place to be a woman in Greece was Sparta.
22. Alexander the Great and the Birth of Hellenism
This lesson describes Alexander the Great's mighty empire. Beginning with a brief account of his father Philip, the lecture then turns to an enumeration of Alexander's conquests. Next, Alexander's methods are explored. Finally, we will discuss Alexander's legacy of Hellenization.
23. The Library of Alexandria & The Benefits of Hellenization
This lecture begins by examining the spread of the Greek language and alphabet during the Hellenistic period and noting the implications of a universal language. Next we look at four factors that combined to make Alexandria the heart of Hellenistic scholarship: common language, a convenient alphabet, papyrus and climate.
24. Euclid, Archimedes & Ptolemy: Alexandrian Hellenistic Philosophers
This lecture recounts the achievements of the many great minds that called Alexandria home. We will look at Euclid, Ptolemy, Archimedes, Aristarchus, Herophilos, Erasistratus and Eratosthenes.
25. Who is Democritus? - Contributions to Philosophy & Experiments
The life and contributions of the Golden Age Greek Democritus will be explored in this lesson. We'll touch upon his philosophy about life and his contributions to mathematics and the social sciences.
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Other chapters within the Holt World History - Human Legacy: Online Textbook Help course
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 1: The Beginnings of Civilization
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 2: The Ancient Near East
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 3: Nile Civilizations
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 4: Ancient India & China
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 6: Rome & Early Christianity
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 7: The Americas
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 8: Empires of China & India
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 9: Muslim Civilization
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 10: African Kingdoms
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 11: Cultures of East Asia
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 12: Kingdoms & Christianity
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 13: The Early Middle Ages
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 14: The High Middle Ages
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 15: Renaissance & Reformation
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 16: Exploration & Expansion
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 17: New Asian Empires
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 18: The Monarchs of Europe
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 19: Enlightenment & Revolution
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 20: The French Revolution & Napoleon
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 21: The Industrial Revolution
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 22: Life in the Industrial Age
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 23: Reforms, Revolutions & War
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 24: Nationalism in Europe
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 25: The Age of Imperialism
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 26: World War I
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 27: The Interwar Years
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 28: World War II
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 29: Europe & North America
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 30: Asia
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 31: Africa & the Middle East
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 32: Latin America
- Holt World History - Human Legacy Chapter 33: Today's World
- Holt World History - Human Legacy: Case Study 1
- Holt World History - Human Legacy: Case Study 2
- Holt World History - Human Legacy: Case Study 3
- Holt World History - Human Legacy: Case Study 4