Ch 22: Hormones & Mechanisms of Hormone Action for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution

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The Hormones & Mechanisms of Hormone Action chapter of this MCAT Prep Tutoring Solution is a flexible and affordable path to learning about hormones and mechanisms of hormone action. These simple and fun video lessons are each about five minutes long, and they teach the information involving hormones and mechanisms of hormone action required for the MCAT exam.

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  • Begin your review or other MCAT preparation work.
  • Identify the hormones and mechanisms of hormone action concepts that you're stuck on.
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This chapter of our MCAT prep tutoring solution will benefit any student who is trying to review hormones and mechanisms of hormone action and earn acceptable scores. This resource can help students including those who:

  • Struggle with understanding the pituitary and thyroid glands, the parathyroid gland or any other hormones and mechanisms of hormone action topic
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Learning objectives:

  • Review the function of hormones.
  • Explore the function of the pituitary gland.
  • Learn about the six hormones secreted by the anterior pituitary gland.
  • Examine the hormones produced by the thyroid gland.
  • Learn about the roles of the parathyroid and adrenal glands.
  • Find out about the hormones secreted by the adrenal cortex and what they regulate.
  • See how the pineal gland and the pancreas function.
  • Learn about the hormones of the testes, ovaries and placenta.

15 Lessons in Chapter 22: Hormones & Mechanisms of Hormone Action for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Hormones: Definition, Function & Intro to the Endocrine System

1. Hormones: Definition, Function & Intro to the Endocrine System

This lesson introduces the endocrine system and provides a brief overview of each endocrine gland. It also provides the definition of hormones and describes their general function inside the body.

What Is the Pituitary Gland? - Functions, Hormones & Hypothalamus

2. What Is the Pituitary Gland? - Functions, Hormones & Hypothalamus

In this lesson, we'll discuss the functions of the anterior and posterior portions of the pituitary gland, the hormones they release and the relationship with the hypothalamus.

Hormones of the Anterior Pituitary Gland: Names & Functions

3. Hormones of the Anterior Pituitary Gland: Names & Functions

The anterior pituitary gland secretes six hormones. In this lesson, you will learn the functions of the hormones: growth hormone (GH), prolactin (PRL), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH).

The Thyroid Gland: Functions, Calcitonin & TSH

4. The Thyroid Gland: Functions, Calcitonin & TSH

Your thyroid gland produces the hormones T3 and thyroxine (T4), which play a role in metabolism. Your thyroid also produces calcitonin, which helps regulate blood calcium levels. In this lesson, you will learn about the thyroid gland and its hormones, including how they are regulated by TSH.

Parathyroid Gland: Calcium Metabolism, Osteoclasts & PTH

5. Parathyroid Gland: Calcium Metabolism, Osteoclasts & PTH

The parathyroid glands are tiny endocrine glands found on the posterior surface of the thyroid gland. In this lesson,, you will learn about the parathyroid glands, and the role parathyroid hormone plays in maintaining normal blood calcium levels.

Adrenal Glands: Function, Cortex & Medulla

6. Adrenal Glands: Function, Cortex & Medulla

The adrenal glands sit on top of your kidneys and are comprised of an inner medulla region that is enclosed by the outer adrenal cortex. Both portions of the adrenal gland secrete hormones that regulate body functions and help maintain internal balance.

Adrenal Glands: Epinephrine, Norepinephrine & Stress Adaptation

7. Adrenal Glands: Epinephrine, Norepinephrine & Stress Adaptation

The adrenal medulla is the central portion of the adrenal gland. In this lesson, you will learn about the two hormones secreted by the adrenal medulla - epinephrine and norepinephrine - and how they help you deal with short-term stressors.

Adrenal Cortex: Glucocorticoids and Androgens

8. Adrenal Cortex: Glucocorticoids and Androgens

The adrenal cortex secretes steroid hormones. In this lesson, you will learn about two of these steroid hormones: glucocorticoids, which help you deal with long-term stress, and androgens, which influence male sexual characteristics.

Adrenal Cortex: Aldosterone and Body Fluid Balance

9. Adrenal Cortex: Aldosterone and Body Fluid Balance

Mineralocorticoids are a type of steroid hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex. In this lesson, you will learn about the main mineralocorticoid, aldosterone, and how it regulates your body's salt and water balance.

Pineal Gland, Functions, Melatonin & Circadian Rhythm

10. Pineal Gland, Functions, Melatonin & Circadian Rhythm

Deep inside your brain sits a very small endocrine gland called the pineal gland. This tiny gland secretes the hormone melatonin, and in this lesson, you will learn about the role melatonin plays in regulating sleep and wake cycles.

Pancreas: Functions, Anatomy & Insulin Production

11. Pancreas: Functions, Anatomy & Insulin Production

The islets of Langerhans within your pancreas produce the hormones insulin and glucagon. In this lesson, you will learn how these hormones regulate your blood sugar level in opposite ways.

Hormones of the Testes and Ovaries: Functions & Anatomical Features

12. Hormones of the Testes and Ovaries: Functions & Anatomical Features

The testes and the ovaries secrete steroid hormones that help you grow and develop. In this lesson, we will learn about the female hormones, estrogen and progesterone, and the male hormone, testosterone, and how these hormones influence the development of secondary sex characteristics.

Hormones of the Placenta: Estrogen, Progesterone & hCG

13. Hormones of the Placenta: Estrogen, Progesterone & hCG

The placenta is an endocrine gland that is only present during pregnancy. In this lesson, you will learn about the hormones it produces, including human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), progesterone, estrogen, and human placental lactogen (hPL).

What Is Cortisol Hormone? - Definition, Function & Levels

14. What Is Cortisol Hormone? - Definition, Function & Levels

This lesson defines the function of the hormone cortisol. In addition, you will learn about cortisol deficiency and excess and the effects an imbalance has on homeostasis and regulation in the body.

The Mechanisms of Hormone Action

15. The Mechanisms of Hormone Action

To keep everything regulated, your body constantly needs to send messages to different cells. It does this by using hormones. In this lesson we'll look at how hormones work and what they do.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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