About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering intro to astronomy material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn the topic. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding how scientists think and work
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning science (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about how scientists think and work
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra science learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the How Scientists Think and Work chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the How Scientists Think and Work chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any How Scientists Think and Work question. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any Web-ready device.
Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in a How Scientists Think and Work unit of a standard Intro to Astronomy course. Topics covered include:
- The nature of science
- Occam's razor as a scientific principle
- The scientific method
- Scientific research defined
- Types of research methods
- Formulating the research hypothesis and null hypothesis
- Inductive vs. deductive reasoning
- Research variables: dependent, independent, control, extraneous and moderator
1. The Nature of Science
This lesson will explore the basic nature of science. It will distinguish science from pseudoscience and hypothesis from theory and natural law; it will give plenty of examples of each.
2. Occam's Razor as a Scientific Principle
This lesson will explain the principle of Occam's razor, why the word razor is a part of it, and a couple of examples of its application: one from daily life and another one from science.
3. The Scientific Method: Steps, Terms & Examples
The scientific method is more than just hypotheses and experiments. In this lesson, we'll explore the themes and variations that make up the world of science.
4. What is Scientific Research?
This lesson will discuss important components of scientific research, including the scientific method, peer review, statistical significance, and more!
5. What Are The Different Kinds of Research Methods?
This lesson will go over some important research methods, including observation, correlation, and experimentation, as well as examples of each type of methodology.
6. Formulating the Research Hypothesis and Null Hypothesis
After figuring out what you want to study, what is the next step in designing a research experiment? You, the researcher, write a hypothesis and null hypothesis. This lesson explores the process and terminology used in writing a hypothesis and null hypothesis.
7. Inductive vs. Deductive Reasoning: Differences & Examples
This lesson explores the difference between inductive and deductive reasoning in the form of psychological experiments. In addition to defining these terms, the lesson gives examples to explain how this reasoning is applied.
8. Research Variables: Dependent, Independent, Control, Extraneous & Moderator
This lesson explores the terminology of experimental design. What are variables? How do they influence each other? Is it possible that you are seeing connections that don't actually exist?
9. Sir John Herschel: Biography & Photography
Explore the life and work of Sir John Herschel, a British scientist who contributed to the art of color photography. Learn about relations between astronomy, chemistry, photography, and printing.
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Other chapters within the Intro to Astronomy: Help and Review course
- The History of Astronomy: Help and Review
- Matter, Energy, and Astronomy: Help and Review
- Light in Astronomy: Help and Review
- Newton's Laws in Astronomy: Help and Review
- Rotational Motion and Astronomy: Help and Review
- Orbits, Tides, and Gravity: Help and Review
- Relativity in Time and Space: Help and Review
- Conservation Laws in Astronomy: Help and Review
- Earth's Spheres and Astronomy: Help and Review
- The Earth, Sky, and Moon: Help and Review
- The Moon's Form and Phases: Help and Review
- The Atmosphere on Earth and Other Planets: Help and Review
- Influences on Climate: Help and Review
- The Sun and Energy: Help and Review
- Star Types and Significance: Help and Review
- Measurement of Star Qualities: Help and Review
- The Birth and Life of Stars: Help and Review
- Star Death and Stellar Remnants: Help and Review
- Formation of the Solar System: Help and Review
- Galaxies, Stars and Solar Systems
- Components of the Solar System: Help and Review
- Small Celestial Bodies in the Solar System: Help and Review
- The Milky Way Galaxy: Help and Review
- Characteristics of Galaxies: Help and Review
- Life & the Universe: Help and Review
- Navigation and Timekeeping in Astronomy: Help and Review
- Telescopes: Help and Review