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Ch 2: How Scientists Think & Work Lesson Plans

About This Chapter

The How Scientists Think and Work chapter of this course is designed to help you plan and teach the scientific method and research techniques in your classroom. The video lessons, quizzes and transcripts can easily be adapted to provide your lesson plans with engaging and dynamic educational content. Make planning your course easier by using our syllabus/curriculum as a guide.

Weekly Syllabus

Below is a sample breakdown of the How Scientists Think & Work chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.

DayTopicsKey Terms and Concepts Covered
Monday Nature of science
Scientific research
How to determine what is real science, definition and examples of pseudoscience, distinguish between a theory and a hypothesis
Definition of research, peer review, published studies, dogma, objectivity
Tuesday The scientific method
Types of research methods
Key elements for any scientific process: questions, hypotheses, experiments, observations, analyses and conclusions
The three types of research methodologies: correlational, observational and experimental and when each is best used
Wednesday Research variables
Formulating the research hypothesis and null hypothesis
Dependent and independent variables, extraneous variables, control variables, confounding variables and moderator variables
How to turn a question into a research hypothesis, definition of a null hypothesis, invalid hypothesis
Thursday Inductive and deductive reasoningDefinition of inductive and deductive reasoning, how they differ, examples of each
Friday Occam's razorExplanation of the principle of Occam's razor, with real life and scientific examples

8 Lessons in Chapter 2: How Scientists Think & Work Lesson Plans
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Nature of Science

1. The Nature of Science

This lesson will explore the basic nature of science. It will distinguish science from pseudoscience and hypothesis from theory and natural law; it will give plenty of examples of each.

What is Scientific Research?

2. What is Scientific Research?

This lesson will discuss important components of scientific research, including the scientific method, peer review, statistical significance, and more!

The Scientific Method: Steps, Terms & Examples

3. The Scientific Method: Steps, Terms & Examples

The scientific method is more than just hypotheses and experiments. In this lesson, we'll explore the themes and variations that make up the world of science.

What Are The Different Kinds of Research Methods?

4. What Are The Different Kinds of Research Methods?

This lesson will go over some important research methods, including observation, correlation, and experimentation, as well as examples of each type of methodology.

Research Variables: Dependent, Independent, Control, Extraneous & Moderator

5. Research Variables: Dependent, Independent, Control, Extraneous & Moderator

This lesson explores the terminology of experimental design. What are variables? How do they influence each other? Is it possible that you are seeing connections that don't actually exist?

Formulating the Research Hypothesis and Null Hypothesis

6. Formulating the Research Hypothesis and Null Hypothesis

After figuring out what you want to study, what is the next step in designing a research experiment? You, the researcher, write a hypothesis and null hypothesis. This lesson explores the process and terminology used in writing a hypothesis and null hypothesis.

Inductive vs. Deductive Reasoning: Differences & Examples

7. Inductive vs. Deductive Reasoning: Differences & Examples

This lesson explores the difference between inductive and deductive reasoning in the form of psychological experiments. In addition to defining these terms, the lesson gives examples to explain how this reasoning is applied.

Occam's Razor as a Scientific Principle

8. Occam's Razor as a Scientific Principle

This lesson will explain the principle of Occam's razor, why the word razor is a part of it, and a couple of examples of its application: one from daily life and another one from science.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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