About This Chapter
Human and Social Biology
Why do we treat others the way we do? What influences how we act? Human and social biology is about examining behaviors and demographics to determine how people live together in populations. It also involves the behavior of individuals, such as reflexes and learned behaviors. In this chapter, you'll learn about:
- Behaviors that alter how humans interact with their environment
- Learned behaviors, such as habituation and conditioning
- How individuals in a population interact with each other
- The theory of demographic transition
- The carrying capacity of a population
|Innate Behavior: Reflexes, Kineses and Taxes||Study instinctive behaviors and why they occur.|
|Learned Behavior: Imprinting, Habitation and Conditioning||Discover forms of conditioned behavior, including some famous studies on this topic.|
|Social Behavior: The Cost-Benefit of Altruism and Kin Selection||Explore the behaviors that define a social group.|
|Social Systems vs. Individual Fitness: The Queen/Worker Relationship||Examine social systems and how different types of fitness play into the overall fitness of a social group.|
|The Theory of Demographic Transition: Overview||Analyze how populations change and see how future population change is predicted.|
|Carrying Capacity of a Population: Effect of Biomedical Progress||Learn how advances in medicine and medical procedures has led to population growth.|
1. Innate Behavior: Reflexes, Kineses and Taxes
When there is a loud sound, you quickly jump without thinking. This is because this reflex is an innate, or inherited, behavior. In this lesson, we will look at reflexes as well as several other types of innate behaviors.
2. Learned Behavior: Imprinting, Habituation and Conditioning
Ever wonder why it is easier to train your dog when you give him a treat every time he does something correct? In this lesson we will take a look at conditioning as well as several other forms of learned behavior.
3. Social Behavior: The Cost-Benefit of Altruism and Kin Selection
Ever wonder why people are more likely to help their relatives than complete strangers? Social behavior can help explain this and other actions. Let's look at the cost of certain behaviors.
4. Social Systems vs. Individual Fitness: The Queen/Worker Relationship
The queen bee rules her hive while others take care of her needs. This form of behavior may seem odd, but it can be explained by looking into social systems and fitness.
5. The Theory of Demographic Transition: Overview
Populations change over time. The growth or decline of a population can have an effect on the quality of life for people within that population. In this lesson, you'll learn about the theory of demographic transition, which is a model used to study and predict population changes.
6. Carrying Capacity of a Population: Effect of Biomedical Progress
The human population continues to grow. There are several things that contribute to this growth, including biomedical progress. In this lesson, we will look at some examples as well as what may happen if this growth continues.
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Other chapters within the CLEP Natural Sciences: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- Atomic Structure & Fundamentals of Matter
- Properties of Matter
- Fundamentals of Thermodynamics
- Waves, Sound, and Light
- The Universe
- Atmospheric Science
- Biology of the Cell
- Biochemistry Foundations
- Chemical Nature of the Gene
- Cellular Reproduction Processes
- Introduction to Plant Biology
- Human Anatomy
- Animal Reproduction, Growth and Development
- Evolution: Theories and Principles
- The Origin and History of Life On Earth
- Phylogeny and the Classification of Organisms
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