About This Chapter
Human Behavior and Social Interaction - Chapter Summary
The lessons in this chapter outline sociological theories on behavior, deviance and social conformity. Examine the effects of migration during England's Industrial Revolution and explore the formation and implications of various social movements. You can also learn about the diverse religions that are observed across the United States. The video lessons could help you to:
- Determine the motives for social movements
- Study the history of migration from rural to urban areas in the U.S. and in Europe
- Discover how cognitive and social development affects relationships
- Learn about various social roles
- Study the ways in which majorities and minorities interact
- Distinguish between primary, secondary and reference groups
- Identify the institutions that are responsible for socialization
- Compare normative and informational social conformity
- Explore the occurrence of deviance in society
- Define group norms such as performance, appearance, social arrangement and resource allocation norms
- Discuss schools and their many functions
- Research the ways in which religions affect individuals and cultures
- Study behavioral genetics, including inherited traits
- Provide examples of social exchange theories
You'll learn from experienced sociology instructors whose aim is to make learning fun and easy. The online videos are brief and animated. This makes them ideal for students who like to learn visually. You may submit your questions on human behavior and social interaction for expert assistance. Use the video tags to pause the lessons or to watch specific segments again. Learn at your own pace and study anyplace that provides Internet access. After absorbing the material in this chapter, you could be prepared to ace its self-assessment quizzes and practice examination.
1. Social Movement: Theories and Motives
In this lesson, we will define what social movements are and discuss why they develop. We'll cover the deprivation theory, the mass-society theory and the structure strain theory, which are three theories that sociologists use to explain social movements.
2. Migration from Rural to Urban Settings in Europe and the U.S.: History and Effects
In this lesson, we will discuss some of the causes for people to migrate from a rural setting to an urban setting in Europe and in America. We will also learn the difference between immigration and emigration.
3. Social & Cognitive Development: Impact on Interpersonal Relationships
How does association with a group of people impact behavior and learning? Are friendships relevant to understanding the behavior of students in a classroom? This lesson discusses social development by exploring interpersonal relationship functions and types.
4. Social Roles: Definition and Types of Social Roles
This lesson focuses on the roles that society socially constructs. We define social roles and identify examples. We also examine types of social roles and what can happen with them, including role conflict, role strain, and role exit.
5. Interactions Between Social Majorities and Minorities
The world is a diverse place full of all sorts of people. In this lesson, we'll examine the effects of pluralism and what happens when people from different backgrounds interact, including segregation, genocide, assimilation, and miscegenation.
6. Types of Social Groups: Primary, Secondary and Reference Groups
The study of social groups is a main focus of many sociologists. In this lesson, we define social groups and differentiate between several different types including primary, secondary, and reference groups.
7. Agents of Socialization: Family, Schools, Peers and Media
The socialization that we receive in childhood has a lasting effect on our ability to interact with others in society. In this lesson, we identify and discuss four of the most influential agents of socialization in childhood: family, school, peers, and media.
8. Social Conformity Definition: Normative vs. Informational
Social conformity and obedience are two very powerful phenomenons in human behavior and sociology. In this lesson, we discuss the two types of social conformity and differentiate between conformity and obedience. We also discuss two famous experiments by Solomon Asch and Stanley Milgram.
9. Sociological Theories of Deviance: Definitions and Theoretical Perspectives
There is a diverse range of behaviors in society that goes against expectations and cultural norms. In this lesson, we define and go over some examples of the different types of deviance. We also discuss two sociological theories about deviance created by Emile Durkheim and Robert Merton.
10. How Types of Group Norms Influence Individual Behavior
Groups, though made up of individuals, have their own sets of norms. These sets develop as the group grows and interacts and can change a person's behavior that might be new to the group. Here we review types of norms present in groups and their potential impact on an individual's behavior.
11. Functions of School: Socialization, Cultural Innovation, Integration & Latent Functions
Schools serve a number of functions in our society beyond just transmitting academic knowledge and skills. In this lesson, we differentiate between manifest and latent functions of schools and discuss examples of each.
12. Religiosity, Secularization & Civil Religion: Applications on Individuals & Cultures
In this lesson, we define religiosity, secularization, and civil religion. We'll also discuss these concepts both on an individual and cultural scale.
13. Social Exchange Theory in Relationships: Definition, Examples & Predictions
In this lesson, we define and discuss social exchange theory and what it predicts about romantic relationships. We also define and discuss the theory's three components: cost-benefit analysis, comparison level, and comparison level of alternatives.
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Other chapters within the ILTS Social Science - Psychology (248): Test Practice and Study Guide course
- Research Sources, Methods & Technologies
- Analyzing & Interpreting Social Science Inquiry
- U.S. Government and Political Systems
- U.S. and World Economies
- Cultural & Physical Geography
- Development & Fall of World Civilizations
- Development & Fall of European Civilizations
- Events & People in World History
- 19th Century Revolutions, Politics & Legacies
- 20th Century Wars, Cultures & Legacies
- Religions of the World
- U.S. History to 1800
- U.S. History (1801-1865)
- U.S. History (1866-1969)
- U.S. History (1970-2008)
- History of the State of Illinois
- Human Development Theories
- Human Development Throughout the Life Span
- Biology & Behavior in Psychology
- Individual Differences
- Senses & Perception
- Cognition in Psychology
- Learning & Psychology
- Personality Components & Assessment
- Motivation & Emotion in Psychology
- Sleep & Other States of Consciousness
- Psychological Health & Disorders
- Methods of Psychological Treatment
- Social Psychology Theories
- ILTS Social Science - Psychology Flashcards